How to format your references using the Heat and Mass Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heat and Mass Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Winkler JR (2013) Chemistry. FRETting over the spectroscopic ruler. Science 339:1530–1531
A journal article with 2 authors
Sun F, He S (2014) Extending the scanning angle of a phased array antenna by using a null-space medium. Sci Rep 4:6832
A journal article with 3 authors
Selmecki A, Forche A, Berman J (2006) Aneuploidy and isochromosome formation in drug-resistant Candida albicans. Science 313:367–370
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Torres-Rosell J, De Piccoli G, Cordon-Preciado V, et al (2007) Anaphase onset before complete DNA replication with intact checkpoint responses. Science 315:1411–1415

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyr H, Moeneclaey M, Fechtel SA (2001) Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA
An edited book
McCullough DR, Takatsuki S, Kaji K (2009) Sika Deer: Biology and Management of Native and Introduced Populations. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Moumtzoglou A, Kastania A (2013) An Expository Discourse of E-Health. In: Pardalos PM, Georgiev PG, Papajorgji P, Neugaard B (eds) Systems Analysis Tools for Better Health Care Delivery. Springer, New York, NY, pp 49–63

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heat and Mass Transfer.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) What Happens When Neutron Stars Collide? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Department of Education: Multiple, Nonintegrated Systems Hamper Management of Student Financial Aid Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzalez R (2010) A mentoring program for Latino foster youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis G (2012) Baroque Opera at the Ambronay Festival. New York Times 0

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeat and Mass Transfer
AbbreviationHeat Mass Transf.
ISSN (print)0947-7411
ISSN (online)1432-1181
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Condensed Matter Physics
General Engineering

Other styles