How to format your references using the Heat and Mass Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heat and Mass Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aiken C (2015) HIV: Antiviral action countered by Nef. Nature 526:202–203
A journal article with 2 authors
Garrott RA, Oli MK (2013) Conservation. A critical crossroad for BLM’s wild horse program. Science 341:847–848
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang Z, Chakrabarty D, Kaplan DL (2006) A debris disk around an isolated young neutron star. Nature 440:772–775
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Patterson N, Richter DJ, Gnerre S, et al (2006) Genetic evidence for complex speciation of humans and chimpanzees. Nature 441:1103–1108

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnes P (2008) The JCT 05 Standard Building Sub-Contract. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Bella SD (2005) The Science of the Individual: Leibniz’s Ontology of Individual Substance. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Kyei PP (2011) Energy Conservation in Aerobic Wastewater Treatment Units. In: Schmidt M, Onyango V, Palekhov D (eds) Implementing Environmental and Resource Management. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heat and Mass Transfer.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) NASA’s Kepler Mission Announced 715 New Exoplanets. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Air Traffic Operations: The Federal Aviation Administration Needs to Address Major Air Traffic Operating Cost Control Changes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts S (2019) The Other Side of Adversity: Surviving a Destructive Leader Experience. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Rendon, Perhaps the Best Player on the Nationals, Hides in Plain Sight. New York Times SP3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeat and Mass Transfer
AbbreviationHeat Mass Transf.
ISSN (print)0947-7411
ISSN (online)1432-1181
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Condensed Matter Physics
General Engineering

Other styles