How to format your references using the Heat and Mass Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Heat and Mass Transfer (Heat Mass Transfer). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Nutton V (2002) Portraits of science. Logic, learning, and experimental medicine. Science 295:800–801
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zheng J, Jia Z (2013) Structural biology: tiny enzyme uses context to succeed. Nature 497:445–446
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schroeder JI, Kwak JM, Allen GJ (2001) Guard cell abscisic acid signalling and engineering drought hardiness in plants. Nature 410:327–330
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Honda T, Lee C-Y, Yoshida-Kasikawa M, et al (2014) Induction of associative olfactory memory by targeted activation of single olfactory neurons in Drosophila larvae. Sci Rep 4:4798

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
King M (2016) Process Control. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Valavanis KP (2007) Advances in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: State of the Art and the Road to Autonomy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Funato T, Kurabayashi D, Nara M (2006) Synchronization Control by Structural Modification of Nonlinear Oscillator Network. In: Gini M, Voyles R (eds) Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 7. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp 41–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Heat and Mass Transfer.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Poll Shows 41% of American Adults Believe Antibiotics Treat Viruses. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/poll-shows-41-american-adults-believe-antibiotics-treat-viruses/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2002) NASA: Compliance With Cost Limits Cannot Be Verified. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fails JA (2009) Mobile collaboration for young children: Reading and creating stories. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J (2017) A Neighborhood Wants Its Historic District Expanded. New York Times A17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHeat and Mass Transfer
AbbreviationHeat Mass Transf.
ISSN (print)0947-7411
ISSN (online)1432-1181
ScopeFluid Flow and Transfer Processes
Condensed Matter Physics
General Engineering

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