How to format your references using the Palaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Palaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Singmaster, D. (2010): Obituary: Martin Gardner (1914-2010). – Nature, 465 (7300): 884.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duffy, P.E. & Fried, M. (2001): Biomedicine. Turncoat antibodies. – Science (New York, N.Y.), 293 (5537): 2009–2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sampson, S.D., Carrano, M.T. & Forster, C.A. (2001): A bizarre predatory dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Madagascar. – Nature, 409 (6819): 504–506.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Martin, J., Ilani, S., Verdene, B., Smet, J., Umansky, V., Mahalu, D., Schuh, D., Abstreiter, G. & Yacoby, A. (2004): Localization of fractionally charged quasi-particles. – Science (New York, N.Y.), 305 (5686): 980–983.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boyd, R.K., Basic, C. & Bethem, R.A. (2008): Trace Quantitative Analysis by Mass Spectrometry. – (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd) Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gutiérrez, F. & Gutiérrez, M. (eds) (2014): Landscapes and Landforms of Spain. – pp. 1–XVII, 348 p. 248 illus., 243 illus. in color (Springer Netherlands) Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Horspool, R.N. & Tillmann, N. (2013): The Web. – In: Tillmann, N.: TouchDevelop: Programming on the Go. – pp. 53–69 (Apress) Berkeley, CA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Palaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016): Microscopic Marine Plants Bioengineer Their Environment To Enhance Their Own Growth. – IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007): Transportation Security: TSA Has Made Progress in Implementing the Transportation Worker Identification Credential Program, but Challenges Remain. – (U.S. Government Printing Office) Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rardin, E.A. (2017): Corporate Psychopaths and Their Proclivity for Infiltrating Organizations. – Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. (2017): May Offers a Plan for Europeans to Stay in Britain After Brexit. – New York Times: A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Singmaster 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Duffy & Fried 2001; Singmaster 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Duffy & Fried 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Martin et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titlePalaeontographica Abteilung B: Palaeobotany - Palaeophytology
ISSN (print)2194-900X
ISSN (online)2509-839X

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