How to format your references using the Fields Mathematics Education Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fields Mathematics Education Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sohn E (2015) Screening: Don’t look now. Nature 527:S118-9
A journal article with 2 authors
Gomes CP, Selman B (2002) Computer science. Satisfied with physics. Science 297:784–785
A journal article with 3 authors
Loudet JC, Hanusse P, Poulin P (2004) Stokes drag on a sphere in a nematic liquid crystal. Science 306:1525
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Weidner CI, Walenda T, Lin Q, et al (2013) Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells acquire distinct DNA-hypermethylation during in vitro culture. Sci Rep 3:3372

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davidson PW, Prasher VP, Janicki MP (2008) Mental Health, Intellectual Disabilities, and the Aging Process. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Miesenberger K, Fels D, Archambault D, et al (2014) Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 14th International Conference, ICCHP 2014, Paris, France, July 9-11, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bartl R, Frisch B (2009) Subgroups of Osteoporosis. In: Frisch B (ed) Osteoporosis: Diagnosis, Prevention, Therapy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 39–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fields Mathematics Education Journal.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) China Will Build A Solar Plant In The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone Next Year. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Multiyear Authorizations for Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Canan D (2016) Action Research Study on the Gradual Release of Responsibility, Critical Thinking Skills and Use of Intertextuality in a Midwest Suburban High School Setting. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barry E, Kishkovsky S (2011) For Tolstoy and Russia, Still No Happy Ending. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFields Mathematics Education Journal
AbbreviationFields Math. Educ. J.
ISSN (online)1925-6639

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