How to format your references using the Fields Mathematics Education Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fields Mathematics Education Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ramamurthi KS (2011) Molecular biology. mRNA delivers the goods. Science 331:1021–1022
A journal article with 2 authors
Reyes N, Gadsby DC (2006) Ion permeation through the Na+,K+-ATPase. Nature 443:470–474
A journal article with 3 authors
Harker DE, Woodward CE, Wooden DH (2005) The dust grains from 9P/Tempel 1 before and after the encounter with Deep Impact. Science 310:278–280
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Leong KG, Wang B-E, Johnson L, Gao W-Q (2008) Generation of a prostate from a single adult stem cell. Nature 456:804–808

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith P (2016) Structural Design of Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Friedrich K (2005) Polymer Composites: From Nano- to Macro-Scale. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Sui Pheng L, Rui Z (2016) Research Methodology. In: Rui Z (ed) Service Quality for Facilities Management in Hospitals. Springer, Singapore, pp 65–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fields Mathematics Education Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientist At Work: Mathematician Collects Ocean And Glacier Data In The Field To Make Climate Models In The Lab. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) High-Performance Computing: Industry Uses of Supercomputers and High-Speed Networks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beyer PD (2010) Authentic Leadership in-extremis: A study of combat leadership. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J (2017) Male Cuttlefish Tangle in Rare Physical Conflict. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFields Mathematics Education Journal
AbbreviationFields Math. Educ. J.
ISSN (online)1925-6639

Other styles