How to format your references using the Fields Mathematics Education Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fields Mathematics Education Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chaddah P (2014) Not all plagiarism requires a retraction. Nature 511:127
A journal article with 2 authors
Pulk A, Cate JHD (2013) Control of ribosomal subunit rotation by elongation factor G. Science 340:1235970
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti V, Lloyd S, Maccone L (2004) Quantum-enhanced measurements: beating the standard quantum limit. Science 306:1330–1336
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Worobey M, Rambaut A, Pybus OG, Robertson DL (2002) Questioning the evidence for genetic recombination in the 1918 “Spanish flu” virus. Science 296:211 discussion 211

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teodorescu P, Stănescu N-D, Pandrea N (2013) Numerical Analysis with Applications in Mechanics and Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kuznetsov SO, Schmidt S (2007) Formal Concept Analysis: 5th International Conference, ICFCA 2007, Clermont-Ferrand, France, February 12-16, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Clarke R (2012) PIAs in Australia: A Work-In-Progress Report. In: Wright D, Hert PD (eds) Privacy Impact Assessment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 119–148

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fields Mathematics Education Journal.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) NASA’s New Horizons Readies for This Summer’s Pluto Flyby. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Better Management Needed in Civil Agencies Over Selection of In-House or Contract Performance of Support Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez EP (2014) Curriculum development for nursing assistants: Pressure ulcer prevention module. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Justices Divided On Protections Over Wetlands. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFields Mathematics Education Journal
AbbreviationFields Math. Educ. J.
ISSN (online)1925-6639

Other styles