How to format your references using the Fields Mathematics Education Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fields Mathematics Education Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schluter D (2009) Evidence for ecological speciation and its alternative. Science 323:737–741
A journal article with 2 authors
Milo R, Last RL (2012) Achieving diversity in the face of constraints: lessons from metabolism. Science 336:1663–1667
A journal article with 3 authors
Kourtis N, Nikoletopoulou V, Tavernarakis N (2012) Small heat-shock proteins protect from heat-stroke-associated neurodegeneration. Nature 490:213–218
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Solt LA, Kumar N, Nuhant P, et al (2011) Suppression of TH17 differentiation and autoimmunity by a synthetic ROR ligand. Nature 472:491–494

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunnivant FM (2004) Environmental Laboratory Exercises for Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Vanotti A (2009) Il paniere degli alimenti: Come nutrirsi in modo sano e gustoso. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Flint DJ, Signori P, Golicic SL (2016) Innovation and Experimentation. In: Signori P, Golicic SL (eds) Contemporary Wine Marketing and Supply Chain Management: A Global Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 63–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fields Mathematics Education Journal.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Ancient Exoplanet Could Support Life. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Analysis of Travel Activities of Certain Regulatory Agency Commissioners During 1971-75. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butts P (2017) Green Roof Vegetable Production in Three Different Growth Media. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson M (2017) A Hole in Their Hearts, 5 Years After Hurricane Hit Staten Island. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFields Mathematics Education Journal
AbbreviationFields Math. Educ. J.
ISSN (online)1925-6639

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