How to format your references using the Fields Mathematics Education Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fields Mathematics Education Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Visscher PM (2001) erratum: A viable herd of genetically uniform cattle. Nature 410:36
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaleeba JAR, Berger EA (2006) Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus fusion-entry receptor: cystine transporter xCT. Science 311:1921–1924
A journal article with 3 authors
Eggleton PP, Dearborn DSP, Lattanzio JC (2006) Deep mixing of 3He: reconciling Big Bang and stellar nucleosynthesis. Science 314:1580–1583
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dhoot GK, Gustafsson MK, Ai X, et al (2001) Regulation of Wnt signaling and embryo patterning by an extracellular sulfatase. Science 293:1663–1666

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hezaveh A (2007) SAS® 9 Study Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pohl V (2010) Advanced Topics in System and Signal Theory: A Mathematical Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Vermeulen F (2016) Towards a Holistic Archaeological Survey Approach for Ancient Cityscapes. In: Forte M, Campana S (eds) Digital Methods and Remote Sensing in Archaeology: Archaeology in the Age of Sensing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 91–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fields Mathematics Education Journal.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Ebola Beds Saved Thousands. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) National Research Centers Supported by NSF. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans B (2013) An integrated program for homeless adults with co-occurring mental and subtance use disorders: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) Banality and Trouble? They’re Neighbors. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFields Mathematics Education Journal
AbbreviationFields Math. Educ. J.
ISSN (online)1925-6639

Other styles