How to format your references using the Fields Mathematics Education Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fields Mathematics Education Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clark JS (2010) Individuals and the variation needed for high species diversity in forest trees. Science 327:1129–1132
A journal article with 2 authors
Arokiaraj MC, Palacios IF (2014) Finite element modeling of a novel self-expanding endovascular stent method in treatment of aortic aneurysms. Sci Rep 4:3630
A journal article with 3 authors
Santiago J, Henzler C, Hothorn M (2013) Molecular mechanism for plant steroid receptor activation by somatic embryogenesis co-receptor kinases. Science 341:889–892
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lo B, Parham L, Cedars M, et al (2010) Research ethics. NIH guidelines for stem cell research and gamete donors. Science 327:962–963

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chadwick P (2008) Person-Based Cognitive Therapy for Distressing Psychosis. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, West Sussex, England
An edited book
Tian J (2015) Genetic Analyses of Wheat and Molecular Marker-Assisted Breeding, Volume 2: Conditional QTL Analysis and MAS, 1st ed. 2015. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Chik D, Tripathi GN, Wagatsuma H (2013) A Method to Deal with Prospective Risks at Home in Robotic Observations by Using a Brain-Inspired Model. In: Lee M, Hirose A, Hou Z-G, Kil RM (eds) Neural Information Processing: 20th International Conference, ICONIP 2013, Daegu, Korea, November 3-7, 2013. Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fields Mathematics Education Journal.

Blog post
Luntz S (2011) South Sudan Is Having An Outbreak of Unexplained Hemorrhagic Fever. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) NTSB Recommendations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hitchings JD (2008) Teachers’ perceptions of evidence-based decision making: A case study of three schools in British Columbia. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) Whitney: Can I Be Me. New York Times C9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFields Mathematics Education Journal
AbbreviationFields Math. Educ. J.
ISSN (online)1925-6639

Other styles