How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Eisenstein, “Molecular biology: Remove, reuse, recycle,” Nature, vol. 514, no. 7522, pp. S2-4, Oct. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. J. Higley and S. M. Strittmatter, “Neuroscience. Lynx for braking plasticity,” Science, vol. 330, no. 6008, pp. 1189–1190, Nov. 2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
U. S. Bhalla, P. T. Ram, and R. Iyengar, “MAP kinase phosphatase as a locus of flexibility in a mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling network,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5583, pp. 1018–1023, Aug. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Zhou et al., “Light manipulation for organic optoelectronics using bio-inspired moth’s eye nanostructures,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4040, Feb. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Ventre, Information Warfare. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
S. Kemmis, The Action Research Planner: Doing Critical Participatory Action Research. Singapore: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Yoshimura, Y. Fujii, and T. Ito, “Grouping Co-occurrence Filtering Based on Bayesian Filtering,” in Advanced Research in Applied Artificial Intelligence: 25th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2012, Dalian, China, June 9-12, 2012. Proceedings, H. Jiang, W. Ding, M. Ali, and X. Wu, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 30–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Forgotten Amber Collection Gives New Insight To Ancient Ecosystems,” IFLScience, Jul. 30, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Overview of the Adult Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program and Its Operation in California,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 112127, Apr. 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Ogawa, “A Man Walks into the World,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Gurley, “Titans in Party Dresses: Socialite, debutante, advocate: all spell Hadley Marie Nagel, who at 19 boasts a résumé over the top,” New York Times, p. ST1, Dec. 26, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
AbbreviationIEEE J. Biomed. Health Inform.
ISSN (print)2168-2194
Computer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Health Information Management

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