How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Sanderson, “Vaccination: A durable design,” Nature, vol. 488, no. 7413, p. S7, Aug. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Wang and G. H. Robinson, “Chemistry. Building a Lewis base with boron,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6042, pp. 530–531, Jul. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. D. Meindl, Q. Chen, and J. A. Davis, “Limits on silicon nanoelectronics for terascale integration,” Science, vol. 293, no. 5537, pp. 2044–2049, Sep. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. A. Herzing, C. J. Kiely, A. F. Carley, P. Landon, and G. J. Hutchings, “Identification of active gold nanoclusters on iron oxide supports for CO oxidation,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5894, pp. 1331–1335, Sep. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. H. Chan, Time Series: Applications to Finance with R and S-Plus®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
D. M. Guidot and A. J. Mehta, Eds., Alcohol Use Disorders and the Lung: A Clinical and Pathophysiological Approach, vol. 14. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Jacobs and N. Spierings, “Interparty Relations: David versus Goliath,” in Social Media, Parties, and Political Inequalities, N. Spierings, Ed. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016, pp. 77–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “Construction Of Huge New Hawaiian Telescope May Be Moved To The Canary Islands Following Protests,” IFLScience, Nov. 01, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Job Corps: Comparison of Federal Program With State Youth Training Initiatives,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-96-92, Mar. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. C. Wilson, “Life satisfaction of Air Force civilian male spouses,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Treasury Official Urges Congress to Act Quickly on Puerto Rico,” New York Times, p. B3, Apr. 14, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
AbbreviationIEEE J. Biomed. Health Inform.
ISSN (print)2168-2194
Computer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Health Information Management

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