How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Smaglik, “Ground control,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6926, p. 969, Feb. 2003.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. T. Fisher and K. Becker, “Channelized fluid flow in oceanic crust reconciles heat-flow and permeability data,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6765, pp. 71–74, Jan. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
I.-H. Lee, S. Shin, and T.-L. Choi, “Materials science. Building supermicelles from simple polymers,” Science, vol. 347, no. 6228, pp. 1310–1311, Mar. 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Gittenberger, D. S. J. Groenenberg, B. Kokshoorn, and R. C. Preece, “Biogeography: molecular trails from hitch-hiking snails,” Nature, vol. 439, no. 7075, p. 409, Jan. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Seeber and A. Shander, Basics of Blood Management. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.
An edited book
J. J. Goldberger and J. Ng, Eds., Practical Signal and Image Processing in Clinical Cardiology. London: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Purna Chand and G. Narsimha, “An Integrated Approach to Improve the Text Categorization Using Semantic Measures,” in Computational Intelligence in Data Mining - Volume 2: Proceedings of the International Conference on CIDM, 20-21 December 2014, L. C. Jain, H. S. Behera, J. K. Mandal, and D. P. Mohapatra, Eds. New Delhi: Springer India, 2015, pp. 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Three Trillion Trees Live On Earth, But There Would Be Twice As Many Without Humans,” IFLScience, 03-Sep-2015. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “NASA-Ames Research Center Should Not Have Awarded Computational Services Contract to SBA and Technology Development of California,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AFMD-83-40, Jun. 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. A. Adams, “Impact of water management and agronomic practices on the performance of insecticide seed treatments against rice water weevil, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel, in Mississippi rice,” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. F. Burghardt, “The Legacies They Left,” New York Times, p. 14LI7, 01-Jan-2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
AbbreviationIEEE J. Biomed. Health Inform.
ISSN (print)2168-2194
Computer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Health Information Management

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