How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Koenig, “EUROPEAN SCIENCE: Research Behemoth Slated for Overhaul,” Science, vol. 289, no. 5487, p. 2019b, Sep. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. D. Olszewski and D. H. Erwin, “Dynamic response of Permian brachiopod communities to long-term environmental change,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6984, pp. 738–741, Apr. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. O’Rahilly, I. Barroso, and N. J. Wareham, “Genetic factors in type 2 diabetes: the end of the beginning?,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5708, pp. 370–373, Jan. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Sakamoto, M. R. Webb, E. Forgacs, H. D. White, and J. R. Sellers, “Direct observation of the mechanochemical coupling in myosin Va during processive movement,” Nature, vol. 455, no. 7209, pp. 128–132, Sep. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. N. Mindham, Roof Construction and Loft Conversion. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008.
An edited book
H. G. Brauch et al., Eds., Globalization and Environmental Challenges: Reconceptualizing Security in the 21st Century, vol. 3. in Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace, vol. 3. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
R. G. Maev and S. A. Titov, “Measurements of Parameters of Leaky Waves Using Ultrasonic Material Characterization System with Electronic Scanning,” in Acoustical Imaging, M. P. André, I. Akiyama, M. Andre, W. Arnold, J. Bamber, V. Burov, N. Chubachi, K. Erikson, H. Ermert, M. Fink, W. S. Gan, B. Granz, J. Greenleaf, J. Hu, J. P. Jones, P. Khuri-Yakub, P. Laugier, H. Lee, S. Lees, V. M. Levin, R. Maev, L. Masotti, A. Nowicki, W. O’Brien, M. Prasad, P. Rafter, D. Rouseff, J. Thijssen, B. Tittmann, P. Tortoli, A. V. der Steen, R. Waag, and P. Wells, Eds., in Acoustical Imaging. , Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007, pp. 43–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “How An Undergraduate Discovered Tubes Of Plasma In The Sky,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “FDA’s Activities Involving Sanitary Conditions at Food Shortage Warehouses,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 095804, Jul. 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Dhantole, “Evaluating provision of healthcare system in the U.S,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, “Making, and Musing On, an Existential Classic,” New York Times, p. C22, Sep. 15, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
AbbreviationIEEE J. Biomed. Health Inform.
ISSN (print)2168-2194
Computer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Health Information Management

Other styles