How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. P. Russell, “Surface-responsive materials,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5583, pp. 964–967, Aug. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Charness and E. Fehr, “ECONOMICS. From the lab to the real world,” Science, vol. 350, no. 6260, pp. 512–513, Oct. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. J. Core, J. J. Waterfall, and J. T. Lis, “Nascent RNA sequencing reveals widespread pausing and divergent initiation at human promoters,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5909, pp. 1845–1848, Dec. 2008.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. K. Zhu, Y. Guo, R. K. O’Nions, E. D. Young, and R. D. Ash, “Isotopic homogeneity of iron in the early solar nebula,” Nature, vol. 412, no. 6844, pp. 311–313, Jul. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. A. Saleh and M. A. Rahman, An Introduction to Wavelet Modulated Inverters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
N. A. Dodgson, M. S. Floater, and M. A. Sabin, Eds., Advances in Multiresolution for Geometric Modelling. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
J.-R. Zhou and J. W. Erdman, “Soy Consumption and Cancer Prevention,” in Preventive Nutrition: The Comprehensive Guide for Health Professionals, A. Bendich and R. J. Deckelbaum, Eds. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press, 2005, pp. 123–155.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, “Debunking One Of The Biggest Stereotypes About Women In The Gaming Community,” IFLScience, Jul. 11, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Human Capital: Attracting and Retaining a High-Quality Information Technology Workforce,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-02-113T, Oct. 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. U. Castan, “Congruence x employment tenure: A study with transitioning youth with disabilities,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Chumsky, “Two Legacies, Now Home to Roost,” New York Times, p. E1, Oct. 10, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
AbbreviationIEEE J. Biomed. Health Inform.
ISSN (print)2168-2194
Computer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Health Information Management

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