How to format your references using the Clinical and Translational Allergy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical and Translational Allergy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Degen M. Science has flourished in eastern Germany since reunification, bringing researchers from far and near. But the tide of investment may be turning. Nature. 2003;423:204–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Marchiori D, Warglien M. Predicting human interactive learning by regret-driven neural networks. Science. 2008;319:1111–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Thorne SH, Negrin RS, Contag CH. Synergistic antitumor effects of immune cell-viral biotherapy. Science. 2006;311:1780–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tan W, Sun Y, Chen H, Shen S-Q. Photonic simulation of topological excitations in metamaterials. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3842.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Abracen J, Looman J. Treatment of High-Risk Sexual Offenders. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1. Alonso ME, Arrondo E, Mallavibarrena R, Sols I, editors. Liaison, Schottky Problem and Invariant Theory: Remembering Federico Gaeta. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Marques SPC, Creus GJ. Laplace Transform Solutions. In: Creus GJ, editor. Computational Viscoelasticity. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 37–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical and Translational Allergy.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Turn Your Phone Into A Cosmic Ray Detector [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Railroad Bridges and Tunnels: Federal Role in Providing Safety Oversight and Freight Infrastructure Investment Could Be Better Targeted. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Aug. Report No.: GAO-07-770.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Koenig WE. Leadership for the whole in the mythic field of C. G. Jung’s unconscious processes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Carpinteria, CA]: Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Branch J. Thinking About the Future in a Place Where Lives Ended. New York Times. 2017 Oct 9;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical and Translational Allergy
AbbreviationClin. Transl. Allergy
ISSN (online)2045-7022

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