How to format your references using the Clinical and Translational Allergy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical and Translational Allergy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. van den Heuvel EPJ. Astronomy. An eccentric pulsar: result of a threesome? Science. 2008;320:1298–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Walter P, Ron D. The unfolded protein response: from stress pathway to homeostatic regulation. Science. 2011;334:1081–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. West M, Sánchez JJ, McNutt SR. Periodically triggered seismicity at Mount Wrangell, Alaska, after the Sumatra earthquake. Science. 2005;308:1144–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang L, Chen J, Fan L, Diéguez O, Cao J, Pan Z, et al. Giant polarization in super-tetragonal thin films through interphase strain. Science. 2018;361:494–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Héno R, Chandelier L. 3D Modeling of Buildings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Carpin S, Noda I, Pagello E, Reggiani M, Stryk O von, editors. Simulation, Modeling, and Programming for Autonomous Robots: First International Conference, SIMPAR 2008 Venice, Italy, November 3-6, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lichte P, Pape H-C. The Multiply Injured Patient. In: Smith WR, Stahel PF, editors. Management of Musculoskeletal Injuries in the Trauma Patient. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 111–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical and Translational Allergy.

Blog post
1. Davis J. This Fish Has An Unusual Way To Protect Against Sperm-Spraying Cheats [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Traffic Congestion: Road Pricing Can Help Reduce Congestion, but Equity Concerns May Grow. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012 Jan. Report No.: GAO-12-119.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kang H. Essays on Methodologies in Contingent Valuation and the Sustainable Management of Common Pool Resources [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Eligon J, Alcindor Y, Armendariz A. Tax Credits to House Poor Reinforce Racial Divisions. New York Times. 2017 Jul 2;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical and Translational Allergy
AbbreviationClin. Transl. Allergy
ISSN (online)2045-7022

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