How to format your references using the Health Services and Delivery Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Services and Delivery Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Grayson M. Psoriasis. Nature 2012;492:S49.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Fritz G, Kroneck PMH. MICROBIOLOGY. Sulfate to go. Science 2015;350:1476–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Pettifer RF, Collins SP, Laundy D. Quadrupole transitions revealed by Borrmann spectroscopy. Nature 2008;454:196–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Mikkola HKA, Klintman J, Yang H, Hock H, Schlaeger TM, Fujiwara Y, et al. Haematopoietic stem cells retain long-term repopulating activity and multipotency in the absence of stem-cell leukaemia SCL/tal-1 gene. Nature 2003;421:547–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Katsilambros N, Diakoumopoulou E, Ioannidis I, Liatis S, Makrilakis K, Tentolouris N, et al. Diabetes in Clinical Practice. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1
George AM, editor. ABC Transporters - 40 Years on. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Pennock GR. Henry George (Harry) Ferguson (1884–1960). In: Ceccarelli M, editor. Distinguished Figures in Mechanism and Machine Science: Their Contributions and Legacies, Part 2. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2010. p. 65–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Services and Delivery Research.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Shark Week Is Lying To People Again. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014. URL: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/shark-week-lying-people-again/ (Accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Naval Ship Donation: Selection Decision for U.S.S. New Jersey Was Objective, but Selection Process Can Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Christiansen LM. The impact of high quality professional development on student achievement in the state of Missouri. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University; 2009; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Kidnapped Boy Freed After Three Years. New York Times 2003:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Services and Delivery Research
AbbreviationHealth Serv. Deliv. Res.
ISSN (print)2050-4349
ISSN (online)2050-4357
Scope

Other styles