How to format your references using the Health Services and Delivery Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Services and Delivery Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Emanuel K. Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature 2005;436:686–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Benoist C, Mathis D. Mast cells in autoimmune disease. Nature 2002;420:875–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Grassly NC, Fraser C, Garnett GP. Host immunity and synchronized epidemics of syphilis across the United States. Nature 2005;433:417–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Hole JA, Catchings RD, St Clair KC, Rymer MJ, Okaya DA, Carney BJ. Steep-dip seismic imaging of the shallow San Andreas fault near Parkfield. Science 2001;294:1513–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Hagen J. Industrial Catalysis. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1
Chaudhuri S, editor. Bichitra: The Making of an Online Tagore Variorum. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Futer D, Kalfagianni E, Purcell J. Guts and Fibers. In: Kalfagianni E, Purcell J, editors. Guts of Surfaces and the Colored Jones Polynomial. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 73–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Services and Delivery Research.

Blog post
1
Fang J. Meet The Wakatobi Flowerpecker, A Newly Discovered Bird From Indonesia. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014. URL: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/meet-wakatobi-flowerpecker-newly-discovered-bird-indonesia/ (Accessed 30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Information on Federally Assisted Health Professions Scholarship Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Scaringe JG. An investigation into the faculty development practices in chiropractic education programs. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach; 2010; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Powell M, Walsh MW. A.I.G. to Pay $725 Million In Ohio Case. New York Times 2010:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Services and Delivery Research
AbbreviationHealth Serv. Deliv. Res.
ISSN (print)2050-4349
ISSN (online)2050-4357
Scope

Other styles