How to format your references using the Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gilbertson SR. Chemistry. Relay reactions that trap organometallic intermediates. Science. 2012;338:1432–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hegazy AN, Powrie F. MICROBIOME. Microbiota RORgulates intestinal suppressor T cells. Science. 2015;349:929–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kieffer HH, Christensen PR, Titus TN. CO2 jets formed by sublimation beneath translucent slab ice in Mars’ seasonal south polar ice cap. Nature. 2006;442:793–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Bignell GR, Greenman CD, Davies H, Butler AP, Edkins S, Andrews JM, et al. Signatures of mutation and selection in the cancer genome. Nature. 2010;463:893–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Souza de Cursi E. Variational Methods for Engineers with Matlab®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Erduran S. Reconceptualizing the Nature of Science for Science Education: Scientific Knowledge, Practices and Other Family Categories. Dagher ZR, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pietrzak K, Wikström D. Parallel Repetition of Computationally Sound Protocols Revisited. In: Vadhan SP, editor. Theory of Cryptography: 4th Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2007, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, February 21-24, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 86–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Homo Minitus- The Benchtop Human [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/homo-minitus-benchtop-human/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control System: Selected Stakeholders’ Perspectives on Operations, Modernization, and Structure. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Sep. Report No.: GAO-14-770.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McCarty A. Measuring the impact of training in the implementation of project management information systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Injuries Gain Attention As Football Feels Pain. New York Times. 2010 Sep 22;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGiornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment
ISSN (print)2035-3510
ISSN (online)2035-6129
Scope

Other styles