How to format your references using the Health SA Gesondheid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health SA Gesondheid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. (2000). RESEARCH POLICY: Report Tracks Federal Funding in Each State. Science (New York, N.Y.), 288(5474), 2115b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Scott, J. D., & Pawson, T. (2009). Cell signaling in space and time: where proteins come together and when they’re apart. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5957), 1220–1224.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, W. W., Mazor, O., & Wilson, R. I. (2015). Thermosensory processing in the Drosophila brain. Nature, 519(7543), 353–357.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Eisenhauer, N., Stefanski, A., Fisichelli, N. A., Rice, K., Rich, R., & Reich, P. B. (2014). Warming shifts “worming”: effects of experimental warming on invasive earthworms in northern North America. Scientific Reports, 4, 6890.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chapman, B. R., & Bolen, E. G. (2015). Ecology of North America. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Henkel, M., Pleimling, M., & Sanctuary, R. (Eds.). (2007). Ageing and the Glass Transition (Vol. 716). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cano, A., Navarrete, J. P., & Seade, J. (2013). Geometry and Dynamics of Automorphisms of $$\mathbb{P}^{2}_\mathbb{C}$$. In J. P. Navarrete & J. Seade (Eds.), Complex Kleinian Groups (pp. 93–118). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health SA Gesondheid.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 25). What You See Is Not Always What You Get: How Virtual Reality Can Manipulate Our Minds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Charter Schools: Additional Federal Attention Needed to Help Protect Access for Students with Disabilities (GAO-12-543). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reich, J. C. (2010). An iterative feature perturbation method for gene selection from microarray data [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barker, K., Secret, M., & Fausset, R. (2015, January 3). Gunman’s Many Identities in a Life of Wrong Turns. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Mervis, 2000; Scott & Pawson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scott & Pawson, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Liu et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Eisenhauer et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth SA Gesondheid
AbbreviationHealth SA Gesondheid
ISSN (print)1025-9848
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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