How to format your references using the Health SA Gesondheid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health SA Gesondheid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blackburn, E. H. (2000). Telomere states and cell fates. Nature, 408(6808), 53–56.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haran, B., & Poliakoff, M. (2011). SPORE series winner. The periodic table of videos. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6033), 1046–1047.
A journal article with 3 authors
Riehl, S., Zeidi, M., & Conard, N. J. (2013). Emergence of agriculture in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains of Iran. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6141), 65–67.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yoshimaru, T., Komatsu, M., Tashiro, E., Imoto, M., Osada, H., Miyoshi, Y., … Katagiri, T. (2014). Xanthohumol suppresses oestrogen-signalling in breast cancer through the inhibition of BIG3-PHB2 interactions. Scientific Reports, 4, 7355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Upreti, S. R. (2017). Process Modeling and Simulation for Chemical Engineers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Page, D. (2014). What Is Computer Science?: An Information Security Perspective. (N. Smart, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Gartner, G. (2007). Development of Multimedia — Mobile and Ubiquitous. In W. Cartwright, M. P. Peterson, & G. Gartner (Eds.), Multimedia Cartography (pp. 51–62). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health SA Gesondheid.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, April 1). Why Cheaters Don’t Prosper. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Aviation Security: Risk, Experience, and Customer Concerns Drive Changes to Airline Passenger Screening Procedures, but Evaluation and Documentation of Proposed Changes Could Be Improved (No. GAO-07-634). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mier, L. M. (2012). Monitoring Electron Transfer Reactions using Ultrafast UV-Visible and Infrared Spectroscopy (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015, April 12). Escaping the Past, or Embracing It Before It Fades. New York Times, p. WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blackburn, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Blackburn, 2000; Haran & Poliakoff, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haran & Poliakoff, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Riehl, Zeidi, & Conard, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yoshimaru et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth SA Gesondheid
AbbreviationHealth SA Gesondheid
ISSN (print)1025-9848
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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