How to format your references using the Health SA Gesondheid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health SA Gesondheid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bhutta, Z. A. (2014). Infectious disease: Polio eradication hinges on child health in Pakistan. Nature, 511(7509), 285–287.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silver, P. G., & Behn, M. D. (2008). Intermittent plate tectonics? Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5859), 85–88.
A journal article with 3 authors
Salje, J., Zuber, B., & Löwe, J. (2009). Electron cryomicroscopy of E. coli reveals filament bundles involved in plasmid DNA segregation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5913), 509–512.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Perry, A. L., Low, P. J., Ellis, J. R., & Reynolds, J. D. (2005). Climate change and distribution shifts in marine fishes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5730), 1912–1915.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Millon, T., & Grossman, S. (2007). Moderating Severe Personality Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Allan, K., Capone, A., & Kecskes, I. (Eds.). (2016). Pragmemes and Theories of Language Use (Vol. 9). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Barga, R., Fontama, V., & Tok, W. H. (2015). Integration with R. In V. Fontama & W. H. Tok (Eds.), Predictive Analytics with Microsoft Azure Machine Learning (pp. 81–101). Apress.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health SA Gesondheid.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 17). Powdered Alcohol Is Now Legal In The USA. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). SSA’s Acceptance Testing of a Mass Storage System for Computerized Data Was Adequate (IMTEC-85-5). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, T. H. (2015). Adolescent substance use family-based treatment: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson, J. (2017, October 20). University Presses. New York Times, BR27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bhutta, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bhutta, 2014; Silver & Behn, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Silver & Behn, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Salje et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Perry et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth SA Gesondheid
AbbreviationHealth SA Gesondheid
ISSN (print)1025-9848
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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