How to format your references using the Health SA Gesondheid citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health SA Gesondheid. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ni, X. (2015). China’s research & development spend. Nature, 520(7549), S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diamond, J., & Bellwood, P. (2003). Farmers and their languages: the first expansions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5619), 597–603.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shubin, N. H., Daeschler, E. B., & Jenkins, F. A., Jr. (2006). The pectoral fin of Tiktaalik roseae and the origin of the tetrapod limb. Nature, 440(7085), 764–771.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gai, Y.-P., Li, Y.-Q., Guo, F.-Y., Yuan, C.-Z., Mo, Y.-Y., Zhang, H.-L., Wang, H., & Ji, X.-L. (2014). Analysis of phytoplasma-responsive sRNAs provide insight into the pathogenic mechanisms of mulberry yellow dwarf disease. Scientific Reports, 4, 5378.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MacClancy, J. (2013). Anthropology in the Public Arena. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nguyen, H. H. P., & Cenci, M. A. (Eds.). (2015). Behavioral Neurobiology of Huntington’s Disease and Parkinson’s Disease (Vol. 22). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ma, H., Liu, D., & Wang, D. (2015). Distributed Control for Nonlinear Time-Delayed Multi-Agent Systems with Connectivity Preservation Using Neural Networks. In S. Arik, T. Huang, W. K. Lai, & Q. Liu (Eds.), Neural Information Processing: 22nd International Conference, ICONIP 2015, Istanbul, Turkey, November 9-12, 2015, Proceedings Part III (pp. 34–42). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health SA Gesondheid.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 12). How Black Slaves Were Routinely Sold As ‘Specimens’ To Ambitious White Doctors. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Examination of Disbursing Officer’s Account, U.S. Army Aviation Center and School, Ft. Rucker, Alabama (No. 102186). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charles, J.-G. (2017). African American Ninth-Grade Students’ Engagement and Learning in Mathematics: A Case Study of Parent-Teacher Collaboration [Doctoral dissertation]. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, July 24). Friday File. New York Times, C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ni, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Diamond & Bellwood, 2003; Ni, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diamond & Bellwood, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Shubin et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gai et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth SA Gesondheid
AbbreviationHealth SA Gesondheid
ISSN (print)1025-9848
ScopeHealth Policy
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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