How to format your references using the Conservation Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Conservation Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lovett RA (2007) Olympic talent. Nature 448:104
A journal article with 2 authors
Laver G, Garman E (2001) Virology. The origin and control of pandemic influenza. Science 293:1776–1777
A journal article with 3 authors
Sugrue LP, Corrado GS, Newsome WT (2004) Matching behavior and the representation of value in the parietal cortex. Science 304:1782–1787
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Goedert J, Lécuyer C, Amiot R, et al (2018) Euryhaline ecology of early tetrapods revealed by stable isotopes. Nature 558:68–72

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wegener E (2003) Montagegerechte Anlagenplanung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Hannun YA, Luberto C, Mao C, Obeid LM (eds) (2015) Bioactive Sphingolipids in Cancer Biology and Therapy, 1st ed. 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Loosemore R, Goertzel B (2012) Why an Intelligence Explosion is Probable. In: Eden AH, Moor JH, Søraker JH, Steinhart E (eds) Singularity Hypotheses: A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 83–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Conservation Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) DNA Results Suggest Kennewick Man Was Native American. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/preliminary-results-suggest-kennewick-man-was-native-american/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Review of a Contract for Mobile Radio Sets for the Army. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen MS (2009) Solid families: Community-based program for pregnant and parenting adolescents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember S (2017) An Era’s End. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lovett 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Laver and Garman 2001; Lovett 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Laver and Garman 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Goedert et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleConservation Genetics
AbbreviationConserv. Genet.
ISSN (print)1566-0621
ISSN (online)1572-9737
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Genetics

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