How to format your references using the Conservation Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Conservation Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nedergaard M (2013) Neuroscience. Garbage truck of the brain. Science 340:1529–1530
A journal article with 2 authors
Rutherford S, D’Hondt S (2000) Early onset and tropical forcing of 100,000-year Pleistocene glacial cycles. Nature 408:72–75
A journal article with 3 authors
Watts DJ, Dodds PS, Newman MEJ (2002) Identity and search in social networks. Science 296:1302–1305
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chendrimada TP, Finn KJ, Ji X, et al (2007) MicroRNA silencing through RISC recruitment of eIF6. Nature 447:823–828

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nations S (2014) The Complete Book of Option Spreads and Combinations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Karlsson C, Andersson AE, Cheshire PC, Stough RR (eds) (2009) New Directions in Regional Economic Development. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ruland KC, Sassmannshausen J (2015) Non-repudiation Services for the MMS Protocol of IEC 61850. In: Chen L, Matsuo S (eds) Security Standardisation Research: Second International Conference, SSR 2015, Tokyo, Japan, December 15-16, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 70–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Conservation Genetics.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Ancient Texts To Be Sent To The Moon. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Information Technology: INS Needs to Strengthen Its Investment Management Capability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Farooq AS (2012) Singing the blues: Indicators of mental illness among nursing home elderly. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003) Spellers Struggle on Screen. Hipsters Howl and Mimic. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nedergaard 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Rutherford and D’Hondt 2000; Nedergaard 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rutherford and D’Hondt 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Chendrimada et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleConservation Genetics
AbbreviationConserv. Genet.
ISSN (print)1566-0621
ISSN (online)1572-9737
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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