How to format your references using the Conservation Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Conservation Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gruner SM (2002) Membrane fusion. Caught in the act. Science 297:1817–1818
A journal article with 2 authors
Simonson AB, Lake JA (2002) The transorientation hypothesis for codon recognition during protein synthesis. Nature 416:281–285
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu X, Jin L, Zhou ZH (2008) 3.88 A structure of cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus by cryo-electron microscopy. Nature 453:415–419
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lejeusne C, Saunier A, Petit N, et al (2014) High genetic diversity and absence of founder effects in a worldwide aquatic invader. Sci Rep 4:5808

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Putt A (2006) Putt’s Law & the Successful Technocrat. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hsu S, Wu Y-Y (eds) (2015) Education as Cultivation in Chinese Culture. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Westerhof N, Stergiopulos N, Noble MIM (2010) Arterial Stenosis. In: Stergiopulos N, Noble MIM (eds) Snapshots of Hemodynamics: An Aid for Clinical Research and Graduate Education. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 25–30

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Conservation Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Biggest Sticking Point In Paris Climate Talks: Money. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989) Special Education: The Attorney Fees Provision of Public Law 99-372. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weisblatt BH (2010) The numinous on Russian soil: A depth psychological interpretation of religious experience in “The Brothers Karamazov.” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kimmelman M (2017) In the Bronx, Tennis for Everyone. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gruner 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Simonson and Lake 2002; Gruner 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simonson and Lake 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lejeusne et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleConservation Genetics
AbbreviationConserv. Genet.
ISSN (print)1566-0621
ISSN (online)1572-9737
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles