How to format your references using the Public Health Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Public Health Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marks TJ (2007) Retrospective: Frank Albert Cotton (1930-2007). Science 316, 214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Virshup DM & Kaldis P (2010) Cell biology. Enforcing the Greatwall in mitosis. Science 330, 1638–1639.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunn B, Kamath H & Tarascon J-M (2011) Electrical energy storage for the grid: a battery of choices. Science 334, 928–935.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fang H, Oates ME, Pethica RB, et al. (2013) A daily-updated tree of (sequenced) life as a reference for genome research. Sci. Rep. 3, 2015.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sadr A (2009) Interest Rate Swaps and Their Derivatives. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Avella A & Mancini F (editors) (2015) Strongly Correlated Systems: Experimental Techniques. vol. 180. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hemani A & Klapproth P (2006) TRENDS IN SOC ARCHITECTURES. In Radio Design in Nanometer Technologies, pp. 59–81 [Ismail M, González DRDEL, editors]. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Public Health Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Several Cancers Caused By The Same Genetic Mutations. IFLScience. IFLScience; (accessed October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Commercial Space Launches: FAA’s Risk Assessment Process Is Not Yet Updated. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thixton HL (2017) Identification of Site-Specific Mycorrhizal Fungi Associates of the Federally Threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in Illinois. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2016) Bumgarner and Big Blast Leave Mets Blanked and Blue. New York Times, B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePublic Health Nutrition
AbbreviationPublic Health Nutr.
ISSN (print)1368-9800
ISSN (online)1475-2727
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles