How to format your references using the Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greally, J. (2008). Journal club. A biologist considers a link between jumping genes and immune-system enzymes. Nature, 456(7222), 549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karpowich, N. K., & Wang, D.-N. (2008). Structural biology. Symmetric transporters for asymmetric transport. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5890), 781–782.
A journal article with 3 authors
Agarwala, S., Sanders, T. A., & Ragsdale, C. W. (2001). Sonic hedgehog control of size and shape in midbrain pattern formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5511), 2147–2150.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stott, L., Poulsen, C., Lund, S., & Thunell, R. (2002). Super ENSO and global climate oscillations at millennial time scales. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 222–226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hochberg, Z. (2011). Evo-Devo of Child Growth. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ganz, P. A. (Ed.). (2015). Improving Outcomes for Breast Cancer Survivors: Perspectives on Research Challenges and Opportunities (Vol. 862). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Caleiro, C., Mateus, P., Sernadas, A., & Sernadas, C. (2006). Quantum Institutions. In K. Futatsugi, J.-P. Jouannaud, & J. Meseguer (Eds.), Algebra, Meaning, and Computation: Essays dedicated to Joseph A. Goguen on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday (pp. 50–64). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 14). Can Magnetically Levitating Trains Run At 3,000km/h? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Aviation Competition: Restricting Airline Ticketing Rules Unlikely to Help Consumers (GAO-01-831). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ding, H. (2012). Mode of Action for Hexavalent Chromium Carcinogenicity in Drinking Water [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, July 10). Stars as Teammates: Not a New Concept. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Greally, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Greally, 2008; Karpowich & Wang, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karpowich & Wang, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Agarwala et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Stott et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal
AbbreviationHealth Psychol. Behav. Med.
ISSN (online)2164-2850

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