How to format your references using the Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
’t Hooft, G. (2010). Nothing to fear from mistakes. Nature, 467(7317), S7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bloodgood, B. L., & Sabatini, B. L. (2005). Neuronal activity regulates diffusion across the neck of dendritic spines. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5749), 866–869.
A journal article with 3 authors
Khor, B., Gardet, A., & Xavier, R. J. (2011). Genetics and pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. Nature, 474(7351), 307–317.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pitcher, T., Kalikoski, D., Pramod, G., & Short, K. (2009). Not honouring the code. Nature, 457(7230), 658–659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birke, D. (2013). Social Networks and their Economics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wiener, R. L., Bornstein, B. H., Schopp, R., & Willborn, S. L. (Eds.). (2007). Social Consciousness in Legal Decision Making: Psychological Perspectives. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Riehle, K. J., & Fausto, N. (2014). Mechanisms of Liver Injury. In K. F. Murray & S. Horslen (Eds.), Diseases of the Liver in Children: Evaluation and Management (pp. 67–83). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, April 25). Gene Therapy Boosts Deaf Guinea Pigs’ Cochlear Implants. IFLScience; IFLScience.’-cochlear-implants/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Commercial Aviation: Better Information about Airline-Imposed Fees and the Refundability of Government-Imposed Taxes and Fees Could Benefit Consumers (GAO-10-885T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, R. (2011). Stone circles and sandplay therapy: The language of symbols [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G. (2015, August 25). The Gradual Extinction of Accepted Truths. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (’t Hooft, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Bloodgood & Sabatini, 2005; ’t Hooft, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bloodgood & Sabatini, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Khor et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pitcher et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: an Open Access Journal
AbbreviationHealth Psychol. Behav. Med.
ISSN (online)2164-2850

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