How to format your references using the Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Young LJ (2009) Being human: love: neuroscience reveals all. Nature 457:148
A journal article with 2 authors
Norton DA, Didham RK (2007) Comment on “Why are there so many species of herbivorous insects in tropical rainforests?” Science 315:1666; author reply 1666
A journal article with 3 authors
Mosey NJ, Müser MH, Woo TK (2005) Molecular mechanisms for the functionality of lubricant additives. Science 307:1612–1615
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hari P, Raivonen M, Vesala T, et al (2003) Atmospheric science: Ultraviolet light and leaf emission of NO(x). Nature 422:134

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Snell RS, Lemp MA (1997) Clinical Anatomy of the Eye. Blackwell Science Ltd,., Oxford, UK
An edited book
Bahadori MN (2014) Wind Towers: Architecture, Climate and Sustainability. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Micu DM, Dumitrescu A, Cheval S, Birsan M-V (2015) Methods. In: Dumitrescu A, Cheval S, Birsan M-V (eds) Climate of the Romanian Carpathians: Variability and Trends. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 45–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Meet The Man With Two Functioning Penises. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008) Telecommunications: Survey of State Regulatory Commissions (GAO-08-662SP, June 2008), an E-supplement to GAO-08-633. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillespie SE (2014) Landscapes in Flux. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Duerden J (2017) Trendy Shanghai District Has a Team With Glitter of Its Own. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Young 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Norton and Didham 2007; Young 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Norton and Didham 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hari et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
AbbreviationContrib. Mineral. Petrol.
ISSN (print)0010-7999
ISSN (online)1432-0967
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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