How to format your references using the Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D (2003) Commission lays foundations for rise in research spending. Nature 423:6
A journal article with 2 authors
Sablowski R, Harberd NP (2005) Plant sciences. Plant genes on steroids. Science 307:1569–1570
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang TT, Parides MK, Palese P (2012) Seroevidence for H5N1 influenza infections in humans: meta-analysis. Science 335:1463
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hennessy K, Badolato A, Winger M, et al (2007) Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system. Nature 445:896–899

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray DRJM, Al-Ani DMZ (2011) Temporomandibular Disorders. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Brucker P (2006) Complex Scheduling. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Santos RS, Morato T, Barriga FJAS (2012) Increasing Pressure at the Bottom of the Ocean. In: Mendonca A, Cunha A, Chakrabarti R (eds) Natural Resources, Sustainability and Humanity: A Comprehensive View. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 69–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Create Synthetic Ribosome. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) State Department: Provision of Residential Furniture Inconsistent With Best Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mannar NK (2017) Hri-Tech Consultants, LLC. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Duerden J (2016) Amid Political Strain, Game’s Tension Rises. New York Times B17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butler 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Butler 2003; Sablowski and Harberd 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sablowski and Harberd 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Hennessy et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
AbbreviationContrib. Mineral. Petrol.
ISSN (print)0010-7999
ISSN (online)1432-0967
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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