How to format your references using the Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brookfield JF (2001) Predicting the future. Nature 411:999
A journal article with 2 authors
Boehning D, Snyder SH (2002) Circadian rhythms. Carbon monoxide and clocks. Science 298:2339–2340
A journal article with 3 authors
Ackerman JM, Nocera CC, Bargh JA (2010) Incidental haptic sensations influence social judgments and decisions. Science 328:1712–1715
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Edwards J, Whitaker D, Klionsky S, Laskowski MJ (2005) Botany: a record-breaking pollen catapult. Nature 435:164

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Todinov MT (2005) Reliability and Risk Models. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Foster C (2015) Altruism, Welfare and the Law. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Altman BM, Rasch EK (2016) Purpose of an International Comparable Census Disability Measure. In: Altman BM (ed) International Measurement of Disability: Purpose, Method and Application. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 55–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Amazon Carbon Sink Is In Decline As Trees Die Off Faster. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) Tax Information Safeguard Activity Annual Report. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Evans AM (2017) Long-Term Sustainability of Surgical Operational Improvements Post Consultancy: A Multiple Case Study Analysis. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Scott M (2017) Google Is Fined $2.7 Billion for Crowding Out European Rivals. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brookfield 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Brookfield 2001; Boehning and Snyder 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boehning and Snyder 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Edwards et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
AbbreviationContrib. Mineral. Petrol.
ISSN (print)0010-7999
ISSN (online)1432-0967
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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