How to format your references using the Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gwynne P (2013) Diagnostics: The new risk predictors. Nature 493:S7-8
A journal article with 2 authors
Sarkies P, Miska EA (2013) Molecular biology. Is there social RNA? Science 341:467–468
A journal article with 3 authors
Xue P, Qin H, Tang B (2014) Trapping photons on the line: controllable dynamics of a quantum walk. Sci Rep 4:4825
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Recker M, Nee S, Bull PC, et al (2004) Transient cross-reactive immune responses can orchestrate antigenic variation in malaria. Nature 429:555–558

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tms (2014) TMS 2014 Supplemental Proceedings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pawley JB (ed) (2006) Handbook Of Biological Confocal Microscopy. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Dharmarajan TS, Dharmarajan TS, Dharmarajan TS, Dharmarajan TS (2012) The Physiology of Aging. In: Pitchumoni CS, Dharmarajan TS (eds) Geriatric Gastroenterology. Springer, New York, NY, pp 17–31

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Tesla Batteries: Just The Beginning Of How Technology Will Transform The Electric Grid. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986) Guide for Writing Executive Summaries. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moro JM (2017) School Improvement Grants at Work: A Study of Urban, Public New England Schools. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinberger M (2013) The Afterlife Of The Best Tennis Player In The World. New York Times MM31

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gwynne 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gwynne 2013; Sarkies and Miska 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sarkies and Miska 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Recker et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleContributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
AbbreviationContrib. Mineral. Petrol.
ISSN (print)0010-7999
ISSN (online)1432-0967
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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