How to format your references using the Health policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cebrian J. ECOLOGY. Energy flows in ecosystems. Science 2015;349:1053–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlesinger WH, Lichter J. Limited carbon storage in soil and litter of experimental forest plots under increased atmospheric CO2. Nature 2001;411:466–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Babu MM, Kriwacki RW, Pappu RV. Structural biology. Versatility from protein disorder. Science 2012;337:1460–1.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
van Geen A, Zheng Y, Stute M, Ahmed KM. Comment on “Arsenic Mobility and Groundwater Extraction in Bangladesh” (II). Science 2003;300:584; author reply 584.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemaire M. Mechanics and Uncertainty. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Li F, Li G, Hwang S-W, Yao B, Zhang Z, editors. Web-Age Information Management: 15th International Conference, WAIM 2014, Macau, China, June 16-18, 2014. Proceedings. vol. 8485. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Knaster S, Malik W, Dalrymple M. Composition. In: Malik W, Dalrymple M, editors. Learn Objective-C on the Mac: For iOS and OS X, Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2012, p. 67–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health policy.

Blog post
Fang J. Researchers Discover Enormous Ancient Crocodile That Walked Upright. IFLScience 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Teacher Training: Status and Participants’ Views of Delta Teachers Academy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lemay M. Understanding the mechanism of panel attrition. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L. Keeping Her Eyes On the Floor. New York Times 2013:D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth policy
AbbreviationHealth Policy
ISSN (print)0168-8510
ScopeHealth Policy

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