How to format your references using the Journal of Food Composition and Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Oldroyd, G.E.D., 2007. Plant science. Nodules and hormones. Science 315, 52–53.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cummings, C.A., Relman, D.A., 2002. Genomics and microbiology. Microbial forensics--"cross-examining pathogens". Science 296, 1976–1979.
A journal article with 3 authors
Waghmare, P.R., Gunda, N.S.K., Mitra, S.K., 2014. Under-water superoleophobicity of fish scales. Sci. Rep. 4, 7454.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Witmer, L.M., Chatterjee, S., Franzosa, J., Rowe, T., 2003. Neuroanatomy of flying reptiles and implications for flight, posture and behaviour. Nature 425, 950–953.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghaye, T., 2008. Building the Reflective Healthcare Organisation. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sidharth, B.G. (Ed.), 2008. A Century of Ideas: Perspectives from Leading Scientists of the 20th Century, Fundamental Theories of Physics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ju, H., Yang, X., Dou, H., Song, J., 2014. Variable Precision Multigranulation Rough Set and Attributes Reduction, in: Peters, J.F., Skowron, A., Li, T., Yang, Y., Yao, J., Nguyen, H.S. (Eds.), Transactions on Rough Sets XVIII, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 52–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Composition and Analysis.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. One In Ten UK Species At Threat Of Extinction [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. Social Security Administration: Subcommittee Questions Concerning Information Technology Challenges Facing the Commissioner (No. AIMD-98-235R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaker, G., 2008. Off the track: The full-time nontenure -track faculty experience in English (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Mets and Marines Share a Day. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Oldroyd, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Cummings and Relman, 2002; Oldroyd, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cummings and Relman, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Witmer et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Food Compost. Anal.
ISSN (print)0889-1575
ScopeFood Science

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