How to format your references using the Journal of Food Composition and Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Key words. Nature 431, 879.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fletcher, D.A., Mullins, R.D., 2010. Cell mechanics and the cytoskeleton. Nature 463, 485–492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mariani, F.V., Ahn, C.P., Martin, G.R., 2008. Genetic evidence that FGFs have an instructive role in limb proximal-distal patterning. Nature 453, 401–405.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Demers-Carpentier, V., Goubert, G., Masini, F., Lafleur-Lambert, R., Dong, Y., Lavoie, S., Mahieu, G., Boukouvalas, J., Gao, H., Rasmussen, A.M.H., Ferrighi, L., Pan, Y., Hammer, B., McBreen, P.H., 2011. Direct observation of molecular preorganization for chirality transfer on a catalyst surface. Science 334, 776–780.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLeish, B., 2010. Successful Marketing Strategies for Nonprofit Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Richtering, W. (Ed.), 2006. Smart Colloidal Materials, Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Saini, S., Kim, S.-J., 2015. Three-Dimensional Nano-Machining in High-T c Oxide Superconductor Whiskers and Thin Films, in: Mele, P., Endo, T., Arisawa, S., Li, C., Tsuchiya, T. (Eds.), Oxide Thin Films, Multilayers, and Nanocomposites. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 69–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Composition and Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Insects Are the Great Survivors in Evolution: New Study [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Strategic Sourcing: Opportunities Exist to Better Manage Information Technology Services Spending (No. GAO-15-549). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peacock, C., 2012. Design science research toward designing/prototyping a repeatable model for testing location management (LM) algorithms for wireless networking (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2008. Court Details Opposition To Bias in Jury Selection. New York Times A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Fletcher and Mullins, 2010; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fletcher and Mullins, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Demers-Carpentier et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Food Compost. Anal.
ISSN (print)0889-1575
ScopeFood Science

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