How to format your references using the Journal of Food Composition and Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dlott, D.D., 2005. Chemistry. Ultrafast chemical exchange seen with 2D vibrational echoes. Science 309, 1333–1334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Collen, B., Nicholson, E., 2014. Conservation. Taking the measure of change. Science 346, 166–167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spracklen, D.V., Arnold, S.R., Taylor, C.M., 2012. Observations of increased tropical rainfall preceded by air passage over forests. Nature 489, 282–285.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Parker, H.G., Kim, L.V., Sutter, N.B., Carlson, S., Lorentzen, T.D., Malek, T.B., Johnson, G.S., DeFrance, H.B., Ostrander, E.A., Kruglyak, L., 2004. Genetic structure of the purebred domestic dog. Science 304, 1160–1164.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, D.W., 2014. Economic Theory and the Ancient Mediterranean. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bonino, S. (Ed.), 2013. Aspetti psicologici nella sclerosi multipla: Dalla diagnosi alla gestione della malattia. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Müller, T., Taubmann, B., Freiling, F.C., 2012. TreVisor, in: Bao, F., Samarati, P., Zhou, J. (Eds.), Applied Cryptography and Network Security: 10th International Conference, ACNS 2012, Singapore, June 26-29, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 66–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Composition and Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Dinosaurs May Have Had Babysitters [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. ADP Systems: EEOC’s Charge Data System Contains Errors But System Satisfies Users (No. IMTEC-90-5). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prendergast, C.A., 2017. Nontraditional online students perceptions on student success conditions (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2009. Justice Unbound. New York Times WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dlott, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Collen and Nicholson, 2014; Dlott, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Collen and Nicholson, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Parker et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Food Compost. Anal.
ISSN (print)0889-1575
ScopeFood Science

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