How to format your references using the Journal of Food Composition and Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Campbell-Kelly, M., 2007. Obituary: John Backus (1924-2007). Nature 446, 998.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mannhart, J., Schlom, D.G., 2010. Oxide interfaces--an opportunity for electronics. Science 327, 1607–1611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morris, M., Uchida, K., Do, T., 2006. A magnetic torsional wave near the Galactic Centre traced by a “double helix” nebula. Nature 440, 308–310.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hwang, Y., Suk, S., Shih, Y.-R.V., Seo, T., Du, B., Xie, Y., Li, Z., Varghese, S., 2014. WNT3A promotes myogenesis of human embryonic stem cells and enhances in vivo engraftment. Sci. Rep. 4, 5916.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hinkelmann, K., Kempthorne, O., 2005. Design and Analysis of Experiments: Advanced Experimental Design, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Janjuha-Jivraj, S., 2016. Championing Women Leaders: Beyond Sponsorship. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Rizzo, A.M., Berselli, P., Zava, S., Montorfano, G., Negroni, M., Corsetto, P., Berra, B., 2010. Endogenous Antioxidants and Radical Scavengers, in: Giardi, M.T., Rea, G., Berra, B. (Eds.), Bio-Farms for Nutraceuticals: Functional Food and Safety Control by Biosensors, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 52–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Composition and Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The World’s Most Spoken Languages And Where They Are Spoken [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. School Dropouts: Survey of Local Programs (No. HRD-87-108). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lurz, J.P., 2019. Using Simplified Models and Limited-Horizon Planning to React to Time-Critical Problems (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., 2012. N.F.L.-Approved Therapist For Fans Draws Scrutiny. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Campbell-Kelly, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Campbell-Kelly, 2007; Mannhart and Schlom, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mannhart and Schlom, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hwang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Food Compost. Anal.
ISSN (print)0889-1575
ScopeFood Science

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