How to format your references using the Journal of Food Composition and Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac, K., 2015. Neuroscience: Rewiring the brain. Nature 522, S50-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bourne, H.R., Weiner, O., 2002. A chemical compass. Nature 419, 21.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kogan, A., Amasha, S., Kastner, M.A., 2004. Photon-induced Kondo satellites in a single-electron transistor. Science 304, 1293–1295.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hiyoshi, H., Goto, N., Tsuchiya, M., Iida, K., Nakajima, Y., Hirata, N., Kanda, Y., Nagasawa, K., Yanagisawa, J., 2014. 2-(4-Hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-benzothiazole suppresses tumor progression and metastatic potential of breast cancer cells by inducing ubiquitin ligase CHIP. Sci. Rep. 4, 7095.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tewari, A., 2011. Advanced Control of Aircraft, Spacecraft and Rockets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dekhtyar, Y., Katashev, A., Lancere, L. (Eds.), 2013. International Symposium on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics, 10-12 October, 2012, Riga, Latvia, IFMBE Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Muenchen, R.A., Hilbe, J.M., 2010. Help and Documentation, in: Hilbe, J.M. (Ed.), R for Stata Users, Statistics and Computing. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Food Composition and Analysis.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. These Freshly Erupted Hawaiian Lava Flows Are Nothing Short Of Spectacular [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Transition From School to Work: S. 1361 Addresses Components of Comprehensive Strategy (No. T-HRD-93-31). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duffy, B., 2012. Analytical Methods and Perturbation Theory for the Elliptic Restricted Three-Body Problem of Astrodynamics (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2010. Last Mile May Be Hardest in Former A.I.G. Chief’s Legal Journey. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourzac, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bourne and Weiner, 2002; Bourzac, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bourne and Weiner, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Hiyoshi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
AbbreviationJ. Food Compost. Anal.
ISSN (print)0889-1575
ScopeFood Science

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