How to format your references using the Linear and Multilinear Algebra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Linear and Multilinear Algebra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
DeFelice LJ. Going against the flow. Nature. 2004;432:279.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kourtzi Z, Kanwisher N. Representation of perceived object shape by the human lateral occipital complex. Science. 2001;293:1506–1509.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dahl JE, Liu SG, Carlson RMK. Isolation and structure of higher diamondoids, nanometer-sized diamond molecules. Science. 2003;299:96–99.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Delattre V, La Mendola D, Meystre J, et al. Nlgn4 knockout induces network hypo-excitability in juvenile mouse somatosensory cortex in vitro. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Hoppert M. Microscopic Techniques in Biotechnology. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Gosper M, Ifenthaler D, editors. Curriculum Models for the 21st Century: Using Learning Technologies in Higher Education. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Zäpfel G, Braune R, Bögl M. Metaheuristics in General. In: Braune R, Bögl M, editors. Metaheuristic Search Concepts: A Tutorial with Applications to Production and Logistics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 67–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Linear and Multilinear Algebra.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Stunning Photos Reveal Everyday Lives Of Pandas Preparing For The Wild [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/stunning-photos-reveal-everyday-lives-of-pandas-preparing-for-the-wild/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Regulatory Effects on R&D Are Better Assessed As Part of the Innovation Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982. Report No.: PAD-82-1. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Porter J. Closing the classroom door: Denying the political, embracing the moral [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Justices Hint That They’ll Rule On Challenge Filed by Detainee. New York Times. 2006 Mar 29;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLinear and Multilinear Algebra
AbbreviationLinear Multilinear Algebra
ISSN (print)0308-1087
ISSN (online)1563-5139
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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