How to format your references using the Linear and Multilinear Algebra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Linear and Multilinear Algebra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Finkel A. Perspective: powering up citations. Nature. 2014;511:S77.
A journal article with 2 authors
Skubi KL, Yoon TP. Organic chemistry: Shape control in reactions with light. Nature. 2014;515:45–46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Guo G, Wang W, Bradley A. Mismatch repair genes identified using genetic screens in Blm-deficient embryonic stem cells. Nature. 2004;429:891–895.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kovac JM, Leitch EM, Pryke C, et al. Detection of polarization in the cosmic microwave background using DASI. Degree Angular Scale Interferometer. Nature. 2002;420:772–787.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brunet R. Sustainable Geography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Sharma D. Biosurfactants of Lactic Acid Bacteria. 1st ed. 2016. Saharan BS, Kapil S, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Geller MR, Pritchett EJ, Sornborger AT, et al. Quantum Computing with Superconductors I: Architectures. In: Flatté ME, Ţifrea I, editors. Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 171–194.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Linear and Multilinear Algebra.

Blog post
Andrews R. We May Have Just A Year To Prepare For A Supervolcanic Eruption. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Has Made Progress in Managing a Federal Security Workforce and Ensuring Security at U.S. Airports, but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006. Report No.: GAO-06-597T. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vargas AR. Implementing modern geographic technology in the trucking industry: A case study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Hubbard B. Qaeda-Linked Militants Are Finding Elbow Room Among Syria’s Displaced. New York Times. 2017 Aug 13;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLinear and Multilinear Algebra
AbbreviationLinear Multilinear Algebra
ISSN (print)0308-1087
ISSN (online)1563-5139
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

Other styles