How to format your references using the Linear and Multilinear Algebra citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Linear and Multilinear Algebra. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Macrakis K. Science and the Stasi. Nature. 2009;461:594–595.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ouyang M, Awschalom DD. Coherent spin transfer between molecularly bridged quantum dots. Science. 2003;301:1074–1078.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Shah AK, Mullainathan S, Shafir E. Some consequences of having too little. Science. 2012;338:682–685.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Grimm D, Streetz KL, Jopling CL, et al. Fatality in mice due to oversaturation of cellular microRNA/short hairpin RNA pathways. Nature. 2006;441:537–541.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bhaskar K, Varadan Retd. TK. Plates. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Boujemaa N, Detyniecki M, Nürnberger A, editors. Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: Retrieval, User, and Semantics: 5th International Workshop, AMR 2007, Paris, France, July 5-6, 2007 Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Richard J, Robert J-M, Malo S, et al. Giving UI Developers the Power of UI Design Patterns. In: Smith MJ, Salvendy G, editors. Human Interface and the Management of Information Interacting with Information: Symposium on Human Interface 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 40–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Linear and Multilinear Algebra.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. This Is What It Looks Like Inside A Beatboxer’s Throat [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/this-is-what-it-looks-like-inside-a-beatboxers-throat/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. ADP Budget: Analysis of HCFA’s Fiscal Year 1991 ADP Budget Request. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990. Report No.: IMTEC-90-67. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kao CH. Community mental health care for Chinese Americans: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; 2 Missing Russian Works Recovered. New York Times. 2006 Aug 5;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLinear and Multilinear Algebra
AbbreviationLinear Multilinear Algebra
ISSN (print)0308-1087
ISSN (online)1563-5139
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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