How to format your references using the Health Policy and Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Policy and Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holland GJ. 2009. Oceans. Predicting El Nino’s Impacts. Science (New York, N.Y.) 325: 47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brüggen M, Kaiser CR. 2002. Hot bubbles from active galactic nuclei as a heat source in cooling-flow clusters. Nature 418: 301–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doligez B, Danchin E, Clobert J. 2002. Public information and breeding habitat selection in a wild bird population. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 1168–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pang PT, Teng HK, Zaitsev E, et al. 2004. Cleavage of proBDNF by tPA/plasmin is essential for long-term hippocampal plasticity. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306: 487–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens HSLC. 2012. Performance Based Building Design 2. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA: Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Batina L, Robshaw M (eds). 2014. Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems – CHES 2014: 16th International Workshop, Busan, South Korea, September 23-26, 2014. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Baba S, Owada M, Grew ES, Shiraishi K. 2006. Sapphirine — Orthopyroxene — Garnet Granulite from Schirmacher Hills, Central Dronning Maud Land. In: Fütterer DK, Damaske D, Kleinschmidt G, Miller H, Tessensohn F (eds). Antarctica: Contributions to Global Earth Sciences. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Policy and Planning.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2016. Arctic Methane May Not be Warming The Planet. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Global Positioning System: A Comprehensive Assessment of Potential Options and Related Costs is Needed. No. GAO-13-729. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schneider SZ. 2009. Mercury sources and cycling processes in the Cape Fear River estuary, North Carolina. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S, Barry E. 2013. At Bolshoi, Regrets And a New Appointment. New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holland, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Brüggen and Kaiser, 2002; Holland, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brüggen and Kaiser, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Pang et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Policy and Planning
AbbreviationHealth Policy Plan.
ISSN (print)0268-1080
ISSN (online)1460-2237
ScopeHealth Policy

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