How to format your references using the Health Policy and Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Policy and Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. 2004. Bricks and mortar. Switzerland switches on supercomputers. Nature 429: 326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Welsh RM, Selin LK. 2009. Attrition of memory CD8 T cells. Nature 459: E3-4; discussion E4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Storch NI, Anderson KR, Lai D. 2014. Chaotic dynamics of stellar spin in binaries and the production of misaligned hot Jupiters. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345: 1317–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Smith JA, Seltzer GO, Farber DL, Rodbell DT, Finkel RC. 2005. Early local last glacial maximum in the tropical Andes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308: 678–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tian J. 2005. Software Quality Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Korkin A, Rosei F (eds). 2008. Nanoelectronics and Photonics: From Atoms to Materials, Devices, and Architectures. Springer: New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Quinton SR. 2012. Rethinking Learning in the 21st Century. In: Bell G, Warwick J, Galbraith P (eds). Higher Education Management and Operational Research: Demonstrating New Practices and Metaphors. SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Policy and Planning.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2017. We Just Learned A Lot Of Unexpected Things About Jupiter. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1985. Guarantee Agency Funding, Operations, and Reserves Under the Guaranteed Student Loan Program. No. 127236. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nevitt DS. 2017. Organic Geochemical Proxies as Indicators of Paleoenvironmental Conditions and Source Sediment Provenance in the Chenier Plain, Vermilion and Cameron Parishes, Louisiana, USA. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver-Greenberg J, Protess B, Corkery M. 2017. Deal With Saudis Underlines Benefits of Backing President. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2004; Welsh and Selin, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Welsh and Selin, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Policy and Planning
AbbreviationHealth Policy Plan.
ISSN (print)0268-1080
ISSN (online)1460-2237
ScopeHealth Policy

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