How to format your references using the Health Policy and Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Policy and Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. 2003. Singapore: filling biopolis. Nature 425: 746–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sommaruga R, Kandolf G. 2014. Negative consequences of glacial turbidity for the survival of freshwater planktonic heterotrophic flagellates. Scientific reports 4: 4113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lan R, Irvine JTS, Tao S. 2013. Synthesis of ammonia directly from air and water at ambient temperature and pressure. Scientific reports 3: 1145.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kodambaka S, Khare SV, Swiech W, Ohmori K, Petrov I, Greene JE. 2004. Dislocation-driven surface dynamics on solids. Nature 429: 49–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waye JD, Aisenberg J, Rubin PH. 2013. Practical Colonoscopy. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.: Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Sirca S. 2012. Computational Methods for Physicists: Compendium for Students, Horvat M (ed). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Franklin ME, Tolin DF. 2007. What Should be Done? In: Tolin DF (ed). Treating Trichotillomania: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Hairpulling and Related Problems. Springer: New York, NY, 51–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Policy and Planning.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. Genetic Map Of Mutations That Lead To Breast Cancer Unveiled. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Factors Affecting Concentration in the Airline Industry. No. T-RCED-88-65. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Day KC. 2017. CPA Perceptions of Human Skills for Professional Competency Development Needs. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2007. Southampton Sets Aside Spot for Day Laborers. New York Times: 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2003; Sommaruga and Kandolf, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sommaruga and Kandolf, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kodambaka et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Policy and Planning
AbbreviationHealth Policy Plan.
ISSN (print)0268-1080
ISSN (online)1460-2237
ScopeHealth Policy

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