How to format your references using the Health Policy and Planning citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Policy and Planning. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neier R. 2014. Chemistry. A two-catalyst photochemistry route to homochiral rings. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344: 368–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turnbull MM, Landee CP. 2002. Solid state chemistry. Porous materials with a difference. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298: 1723–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferguson NM, Donnelly CA, Anderson RM. 2001. The foot-and-mouth epidemic in Great Britain: pattern of spread and impact of interventions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292: 1155–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mackler JM, Drummond JA, Loewen CA, Robinson IM, Reist NE. 2002. The C(2)B Ca(2+)-binding motif of synaptotagmin is required for synaptic transmission in vivo. Nature 418: 340–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Korn GA. 2013. Advanced Dynamic-System Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Carroll JM (ed). 2014. Innovative Practices in Teaching Information Sciences and Technology: Experience Reports and Reflections. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Zakko L, Finch J, Rothe MJ, Grant-Kels JM. 2013. Plummer-Vinson Syndrome: Dermatological Features. In: Wu GY, Selsky N, Grant-Kels JM (eds). Atlas of Dermatological Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease. Springer: New York, NY, 9–10.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Policy and Planning.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Medics Given The Go Ahead For A Trial Of Suspended Animation. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Air Traffic Control: Complete and Enforced Architecture Needed for FAA Systems Modernization. No. AIMD-97-30. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forlano L. 2008. When code meets place: Collaboration and innovation at WiFi hotspots. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. 2016. Strangers Arrive, and the Desert Blooms. New York Times: C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neier, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Turnbull and Landee, 2002; Neier, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turnbull and Landee, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Mackler et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Policy and Planning
AbbreviationHealth Policy Plan.
ISSN (print)0268-1080
ISSN (online)1460-2237
ScopeHealth Policy

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