How to format your references using the Health Care Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Care Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rhein M (2000) Oceanography. Drifters reveal deep circulation. Nature 407:30–31
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
de Wit M, Stankiewicz J (2006) Changes in surface water supply across Africa with predicted climate change. Science 311:1917–1921
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Norris DJ, Efros AL, Erwin SC (2008) Doped nanocrystals. Science 319:1776–1779
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Ben-David U, Siranosian B, Ha G, et al (2018) Genetic and transcriptional evolution alters cancer cell line drug response. Nature 560:325–330

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chitrapu P (2005) Wideband TDD. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
de Magistris M (2016) Circuiti: Fondamenti di circuiti per l’Ingegneria, 2a ed. 2016. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Grange T, Lourenço EE (2011) Mechanisms of Epigenetic Gene Activation in Disease: Dynamics of DNA Methylation and Demethylation. In: Roach HI, Bronner F, Oreffo ROC (eds) Epigenetic Aspects of Chronic Diseases. Springer, London, pp 55–73

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Care Management Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Cycloid Optical Illusion Will Boggle Your Mind. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/cycloid-optical-illusion-will-boggle-your-mind/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) Early Childhood Programs: Local Perspectives on Barriers to Providing Head Start Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Piper MH (2017) A Study of the Effectiveness of Alternative Schools through an Examination of Graduation Rates, School Climate, Student Motivation, and Academic Rigor. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K (2003) For Homeless Families, A Tiring Trek to School. New York Times 145

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Care Management Science
AbbreviationHealth Care Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1386-9620
ISSN (online)1572-9389
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
General Health Professions

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