How to format your references using the Health Care Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Care Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cherry M (2000) Construction starts on largest telescope in the south. Nature 407:4
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Feuillet C, Eversole K (2009) Plant science. Solving the maze. Science 326:1071–1072
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pichersky E, Noel JP, Dudareva N (2006) Biosynthesis of plant volatiles: nature’s diversity and ingenuity. Science 311:808–811
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Lashuel HA, Hartley D, Petre BM, et al (2002) Neurodegenerative disease: amyloid pores from pathogenic mutations. Nature 418:291

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kula G, Raab M, Stahn S (2017) Beyond Smart Beta. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Choi SH, Kasama K (2014) Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Arthur M (2016) Excellence in Research. In: Tayeb O, Zahed A, Ritzen J (eds) Becoming a World-Class University: The case of King Abdulaziz University. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 77–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Care Management Science.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Spider Masquerades As Bird Poo. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/spider-masquerades-bird-poo/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2013) Rail Safety: Improved Human Capital Planning Could Address Emerging Safety Oversight Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rodriguez F (2010) Grant proposal: Providing effective screening, training, and supervision for an at-risk youth mentoring program. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Flegenheimer M (2017) On Trump’s Right Flank, a Survivor Well Attuned to Resentment. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Care Management Science
AbbreviationHealth Care Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1386-9620
ISSN (online)1572-9389
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
General Health Professions

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