How to format your references using the Health Care Management Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health Care Management Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Koen D (2005) Nuts and bolts. Nature 433:554
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shapiro B, Hofreiter M (2014) A paleogenomic perspective on evolution and gene function: new insights from ancient DNA. Science 343:1236573
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Arjona A, Escudero M, Gómez CM (2014) Updating of attentional and premotor allocation resources as function of previous trial outcome. Sci Rep 4:4526
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Yin J, Gao F, Wei C, Lu Q (2014) Water amount dependence on morphologies and properties of ZnO nanostructures in double-solvent system. Sci Rep 4:3736

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Clark M (2006) Understanding Diabetes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Reusch B (2006) Computational Intelligence, Theory and Applications: International Conference 9th Fuzzy Days in Dortmund, Germany, Sept. 18–20, 2006 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kikuchi S (2013) Architectural Design of a Compensation Mechanism for Long Lived Transactions. In: Madaan A, Kikuchi S, Bhalla S (eds) Databases in Networked Information Systems: 8th International Workshop, DNIS 2013, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Japan, March 25-27, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 49–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health Care Management Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) A Handshake In Space Changed US-Russia Relations: How Long Will It Last? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/handshake-space-changed-us-russia-relations-how-long-will-it-last/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2003) National Airspace System: Current Efforts and Proposed Changes to Improve Performance of FAA’s Air Traffic Control System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tambornini TF (2013) Supportive and subsidized housing solutions for Sonoma County: A grant project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stellin S (2014) Your Digital Trail Follows You to the Border. New York Times F3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth Care Management Science
AbbreviationHealth Care Manag. Sci.
ISSN (print)1386-9620
ISSN (online)1572-9389
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
General Health Professions

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