How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. World view: Save British science, again. Nature. 2010 Sep 16;467(7313):269.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanders RW, Moore JP. HIV: A stamp on the envelope. Nature. 2014 Oct 23;514(7523):437–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang KH, Penmatsa A, Gouaux E. Neurotransmitter and psychostimulant recognition by the dopamine transporter. Nature. 2015 May 21;521(7552):322–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu Y-P, Suksanpaisan L, Steele MB, Russell SJ, Peng K-W. Induction of antiviral genes by the tumor microenvironment confers resistance to virotherapy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Faticoni TG. The Mathematics of Infinity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
Fitzal F, Schrenk P, editors. Oncoplastic Breast Surgery: A Guide to Clinical Practice. Vienna: Springer; 2010. XIV, 242 p. 427 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Calvetti D, Somersalo E. Basic problem in numerical linear algebra. In: Somersalo E, editor. Introduction to Bayesian Scientific Computing: Ten Lectures on Subjective Computing. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. p. 61–90. (Surveys and Tutorials in the Applied Mathematical Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons.

Blog post
Hale T. This Hopping Robot Is As Cool As The Desert Rodent That Inspired It. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Literacy and Education Commission: Further Progress Needed to Ensure an Effective National Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Dec. Report No.: GAO-07-100.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores MY. Delinquency prevention program for Latino youth: A grant proposal project [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chang S. School Scandals: A Scorecard. New York Times. 2006 Feb 5;14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
AbbreviationJ. Indian Assoc. Pediatr. Surg.
ISSN (print)0971-9261
ISSN (online)1998-3891
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles