How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sherwood Lollar B. Geochemistry. Life’s chemical kitchen. Science. 2004 May 14;304(5673):972–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strässer K, Hurt E. Splicing factor Sub2p is required for nuclear mRNA export through its interaction with Yra1p. Nature. 2001 Oct 11;413(6856):648–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Visser K, Thunell R, Stott L. Magnitude and timing of temperature change in the Indo-Pacific warm pool during deglaciation. Nature. 2003 Jan 9;421(6919):152–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Coles VJ, Stukel MR, Brooks MT, Burd A, Crump BC, Moran MA, et al. Ocean biogeochemistry modeled with emergent trait-based genomics. Science. 2017 Dec 1;358(6367):1149–54.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Omura Y, Mallik A, Matsuo N. MOS Devices for Low-Voltage and Low-Energy Applications. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Anishchenko VS. Nonlinear Dynamics of Chaotic and Stochastic Systems: Tutorial and Modern Developments. Astakhov V, Vadivasova T, Neiman A, Schimansky-Geier L, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. XIII, 446 p. (Springer Series in Synergetics).
A chapter in an edited book
Yusnita MA, Paulraj MP, Yaacob S, Shahriman AB, Yusuf R, Nordin S. On the Use of Spectral Feature Fusions for Enhanced Performance of Malaysian English Accents Classification. In: Yacob NA, Mohamed M, Megat Hanafiah MAK, editors. Regional Conference on Science, Technology and Social Sciences (RCSTSS 2014): Science and Technology. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 35–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons.

Blog post
Taub B. Here’s What The World Would Look Like If We Could See Wi-Fi Signals [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Environmental Satellite Acquisitions: Progress and Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Jul. Report No.: GAO-07-1099T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weisko P. Wading Tiger Swimming Dragon: A Study on Comparative Indo-Sino Naval Development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Miners’ Hunger Strike. New York Times. 2004 May 21;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
AbbreviationJ. Indian Assoc. Pediatr. Surg.
ISSN (print)0971-9261
ISSN (online)1998-3891
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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