How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D. Safety doubts force rethink of embattled comet mission. Nature. 2003 Jan 16;421(6920):198.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuper A, Marks J. Anthropologists unite! Nature. 2011 Feb 10;470(7333):166–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goddard MR, Godfray HCJ, Burt A. Sex increases the efficacy of natural selection in experimental yeast populations. Nature. 2005 Mar 31;434(7033):636–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bottke WF, Nesvorný D, Grimm RE, Morbidelli A, O’Brien DP. Iron meteorites as remnants of planetesimals formed in the terrestrial planet region. Nature. 2006 Feb 16;439(7078):821–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mullaney MD. The Complete Guide to Option Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Saad APB. Wear Prediction on Total Ankle Replacement: Effect of Design Parameters. Syahrom A, Harun MN, Kadir MRA, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XIII, 55 p. 41 illus., 35 illus. in color. (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology).
A chapter in an edited book
Theodorou MK, Brookman J, Trinci APJ. Anaerobic fungi. In: Makkar HPS, McSweeney CS, editors. Methods in Gut Microbial Ecology for Ruminants. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. p. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons.

Blog post
Andrew E. Modified mRNA Lengthens Telomeres, Extending Longevity of Human Cells [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. VA Student Financial Aid: Opportunity to Reduce Overlap in Approving Education and Training Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Oct. Report No.: HEHS-96-22.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pyzdrowski JE. Experiences of Advisors/Mentors in Developing Leadership Emergence in a Post Conflict, Marginalized Society: A Phenomenological Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Nassau Coliseum Moves Closer to Renovation. New York Times. 2007 Feb 11;LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
AbbreviationJ. Indian Assoc. Pediatr. Surg.
ISSN (print)0971-9261
ISSN (online)1998-3891
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles