How to format your references using the Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mooers AO. Biodiversity: Supply and demand. Nature. 2014 May 8;509(7499):171–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bond AB, Kamil AC. Visual predators select for crypticity and polymorphism in virtual prey. Nature. 2002 Feb 7;415(6872):609–13.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bierhaus EB, Chapman CR, Merline WJ. Secondary craters on Europa and implications for cratered surfaces. Nature. 2005 Oct 20;437(7062):1125–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bessell PR, Auty HK, Searle KR, Handel IG, Purse BV, de C Bronsvoort BM. Impact of temperature, feeding preference and vaccination on Schmallenberg virus transmission in Scotland. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 18;4:5746.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Orford J. Addiction Dilemmas. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Somlai J, Kovács T, editors. Neuro-Ophthalmology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXI, 728 p. 456 illus., 245 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Ceyhan Ö. Towards Quantum Cohomology of Real Varieties. In: Ceyhan Ö, Manin YI, Marcolli M, editors. Arithmetic and Geometry Around Quantization. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2010. p. 65–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons.

Blog post
Hamilton K. World’s First Three-Parent Baby Raises Questions About Long-Term Health Risks [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High Risk: Actions Needed to Address Serious Weaknesses in Federal Management of Programs Serving Indian Tribes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 May. Report No.: GAO-17-589T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Masuyama G. The Bird Is A Word [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court Restricts the Taxation of Income of Companies Based Out of State. New York Times. 2008 Apr 16;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
AbbreviationJ. Indian Assoc. Pediatr. Surg.
ISSN (print)0971-9261
ISSN (online)1998-3891
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles