How to format your references using the Health and Human Rights Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Health and Human Rights Journal (HHR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. J. Diamond, “Archaeology. Easter Island revisited,” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317/5845 (2007), pp. 1692–1694
A journal article with 2 authors
1. S. A. Buckley, and R. P. Evershed, “Organic chemistry of embalming agents in Pharaonic and Graeco-Roman mummies,” Nature 413/6858 (2001), pp. 837–841
A journal article with 3 authors
1. A. A. Chabanov, M. Stoytchev, and A. Z. Genack, “Statistical signatures of photon localization,” Nature 404/6780 (2000), pp. 850–853
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. L. Liu, Y. Li, R. Wang, et al., “Drosophila hygrosensation requires the TRP channels water witch and nanchung,” Nature 450/7167 (2007), pp. 294–298

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. D. A. Hunter, A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014)
An edited book
1. W. R. Heymann (ed), Thyroid Disorders with Cutaneous Manifestations (Springer, 2008), p. XIV, 194 p. 74 illus., 62 illus. in color
A chapter in an edited book
1. M. Favorskaya, Y. Kozlova, J. W. Tweedale, et al., “Evaluation of Student Knowledge Using an e-Learning Framework,” in D. Sharma, M. Favorskaya, L. C. Jain, et al. (eds), Fusion of Smart, Multimedia and Computer Gaming Technologies: Research, Systems and Perspectives (Springer International Publishing, 2015), pp. 91–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Health and Human Rights Journal.

Blog post
1. E. Andrew, Thunder God Vine Extract Makes Obese Mice Rapidly Shed The Pounds, IFLScience, 2015. Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Command and Control: Upgrades Allow Deferral of $500 Million Computer Acquisition (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. K. Lim, An Inquiry of How Art Education Policies are Reflected in Art Teacher Preparation: Examining the Standards for Visual Arts and Art Teacher Certification, Doctoral dissertation (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. J. Otis, “Unflinching Faith Moors 2 Victims of Hurricane Sandy in Life’s Storms,” New York Times, 2017, A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleHealth and Human Rights Journal
ISSN (print)1079-0969
ISSN (online)2150-4113

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