How to format your references using the Frontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2006). Microarrays: quality control. Nature 442, 1067–1070.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cane, M. A., and Molnar, P. (2001). Closing of the Indonesian seaway as a precursor to east African aridification around 3-4 million years ago. Nature 411, 157–162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shay, J. W., Reddel, R. R., and Wright, W. E. (2012). Cancer. Cancer and telomeres--an ALTernative to telomerase. Science 336, 1388–1390.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shimoda, T., Matsuki, Y., Furusawa, M., Aoki, T., Yudasaka, I., Tanaka, H., et al. (2006). Solution-processed silicon films and transistors. Nature 440, 783–786.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Geotechnical Society (2013). Recommendations on Excavations EAB. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Wu, Y. ed. (2012). Advanced Technology in Teaching - Proceedings of the 2009 3rd International Conference on Teaching and Computational Science (WTCS 2009): Volume 2: Education, Psychology and Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pollet, B. G., Staffell, I., and Adamson, K.-A. (2016). “Energy Generation and Usage in South Africa,” in The Energy Landscape in the Republic of South Africa SpringerBriefs in Energy., eds. I. Staffell and K.-A. Adamson (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 17–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Researchers Solve the Centuries-Old Mystery of Darwin’s “Strangest Animals.” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2008 Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arendt, K. R. (2015). Symbiosis establishment and ecological effects of endohyphal bacteria on foliar fungi.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993). Vacation Ending, Clinton Plans to Fill More Jobs. New York Times, 119.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Cane and Molnar, 2001; Eisenstein, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cane and Molnar, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Shimoda et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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