How to format your references using the Frontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dagotto, E. (2001). Superconductivity. The race to beat the cuprates. Science 293, 2410–2411.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schnell, J. R., and Chou, J. J. (2008). Structure and mechanism of the M2 proton channel of influenza A virus. Nature 451, 591–595.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heimpel, M., Aurnou, J., and Wicht, J. (2005). Simulation of equatorial and high-latitude jets on Jupiter in a deep convection model. Nature 438, 193–196.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xiao, Z., Sun, K., Subbiah, J., Ji, S., Jones, D. J., and Wong, W. W. H. (2014). Hydrogen bonding in bulk heterojunction solar cells: a case study. Sci. Rep. 4, 5701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glasgow, L. A. (2014). Applied Mathematics for Science and Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Egel, R., Lankenau, D.-H., and Mulkidjanian, A. Y. eds. (2011). Origins of Life: The Primal Self-Organization. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ainoo, A. O., Amegbey, N., and Suglo, R. S. (2009). “Environmental Impact of Mining and Ore Processing – A Case Study at Satellite Goldfields Limited,” in Environment and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Managing an Emerging Crisis: Selected Papers from ERTEP 2007, July 17-19 2007, Ghana, Africa, eds. I. N. Luginaah and E. K. Yanful (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Who Owns The Moon? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011). Aviation Safety: Enhanced Oversight and Improved Availability of Risk- Based Data Could Further Improve Safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gemmer, J. (2012). Shape Selection in the non-Euclidean Model of Elasticity.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017). A Gadget Is Favored by Fingers Both Restless and Sticky. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dagotto, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Dagotto, 2001; Schnell and Chou, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schnell and Chou, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Xiao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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