How to format your references using the Frontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Broecker, W. S. (2006). Geology. Was the Younger Dryas triggered by a flood? Science 312, 1146–1148.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hashmi, A., and Hong, J. (2014). Metal free half metallicity in 2D system: structural and magnetic properties of g-C4N3 on BN. Sci. Rep. 4, 4374.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, C., Facchetti, A., and Marks, T. J. (2007). Polymer gate dielectric surface viscoelasticity modulates pentacene transistor performance. Science 318, 76–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ferres-Marco, D., Gutierrez-Garcia, I., Vallejo, D. M., Bolivar, J., Gutierrez-Aviño, F. J., and Dominguez, M. (2006). Epigenetic silencers and Notch collaborate to promote malignant tumours by Rb silencing. Nature 439, 430–436.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guzik, A. (2013). Essentials for Occupational Health Nursing. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Priyadarshan, P. M., and Jain, S. M. eds. (2009). Breeding Plantation Tree Crops: Temperate Species. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bosse, S. (2015). “Design and Simulation of a Low-Resource Processing Platform for Mobile Multi-agent Systems in Distributed Heterogeneous Networks,” in Agents and Artificial Intelligence: 6th International Conference, ICAART 2014, Angers, France, March 6-8, 2014, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. B. Duval, J. van den Herik, S. Loiseau, and J. Filipe (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 63–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016). Highest Living Plants Discovered Six Kilometers Up A Mountain. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973). Protest Against NASA Contract for Janitorial Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monterosa, V. M. (2017). Digital Citizenship District-Wide: Examining the Organizational Evolution of an Initiative.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Berger, J. (2014). Officer Kills Man After Stabbing in Synagogue. New York Times, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Broecker, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Broecker, 2006; Hashmi and Hong, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hashmi and Hong, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ferres-Marco et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Statistical Genetics and Methodology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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