How to format your references using the Hague Journal on the Rule of Law citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Hague Journal on the Rule of Law. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E (2007) Stem cells: the hard copy. Nature 446:485–486
A journal article with 2 authors
Wagner EF, Petruzzelli M (2015) Cancer metabolism: A waste of insulin interference. Nature 521:430–431
A journal article with 3 authors
Sherwood SC, Lanzante JR, Meyer CL (2005) Radiosonde daytime biases and late-20th century warming. Science 309:1556–1559
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xia Z, Yang Z, Huynh T, et al (2013) UV-radiation induced disruption of dry-cavities in human γD-crystallin results in decreased stability and faster unfolding. Sci Rep 3:1560

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pouly M, Kohlas J (2011) Generic Inference. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wilcox P (2009) Pulmonary Function Tests in Clinical Practice. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Hall RL (2007) On the Move: Exercise, Leisure Activities, and Midlife Women. In: Muhlbauer V, Chrisler JC (eds) Women Over 50: Psychological Perspectives. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 79–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Hague Journal on the Rule of Law.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Small Galaxies Contributed More To The Early Universe Than Once Thought. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/small-galaxies-contributed-more-early-universe-once-thought/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: The District of Columbia Faces Tremendous Challenges in Ensuring Vital Services Are Not Disrupted. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wiggins BB (2017) Using Induced Signals to Develop a Position-Sensitive Microchannel Plate Detector. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Krauss C (2015) Breakdown at BP Refinery Strains Midwest Gas Prices. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2007; Wagner and Petruzzelli 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wagner and Petruzzelli 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleHague Journal on the Rule of Law
ISSN (print)1876-4045
ISSN (online)1876-4053
ScopeLaw

Other styles