How to format your references using the h bioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for h bioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coffman RL. Immunology. The origin of TH2 responses. Science 2010; 328:1116–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lacour J, Linder D. Chemistry. A counterion strategy. Science 2007; 317:462–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wechsler T, Newman S, West SC. Aberrant chromosome morphology in human cells defective for Holliday junction resolution. Nature 2011; 471:642–6.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shim J, Bae S-H, Kong W, Lee D, Qiao K, Nezich D, Park YJ, Zhao R, Sundaram S, Li X, et al. Controlled crack propagation for atomic precision handling of wafer-scale two-dimensional materials. Science 2018; 362:665–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson D. TKO Hiring! Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Canadell JG, Pataki DE, Pitelka LF, editors. Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Haberl W, Herrmannsdoerfer M, Kugele S, Tautschnig M, Wechs M. Seamless Model-Driven Development Put into Practice. In: Margaria T, Steffen B, editors. Leveraging Applications of Formal Methods, Verification, and Validation: 4th International Symposium on Leveraging Applications, ISoLA 2010, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, October 18-21, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. page 18–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for h bioscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. Worldwide, Climate Change Is Worse News For Women [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Pell Grants: Who Receives Them and What Would Larger Grants Cost? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaardal JT. Decoding the Computations of Sensory Neurons. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Paterno at the End: Far From the Coach We Thought We Knew. New York Times2011; :B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleh bioscience
ISSN (print)2166-708X
ISSN (online)2166-7098

Other styles