How to format your references using the h bioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for h bioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. Lessons in career planning. Nature 2002; 418:3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nijhout HF, Grunert LW. The cellular and physiological mechanism of wing-body scaling in Manduca sexta. Science 2010; 330:1693–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gillespie AR, Montgomery DR, Mushkin A. Planetary science: are there active glaciers on Mars? Nature 2005; 438:E9-10; discussion E10.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
An J, Park JS, Koh AL, Lee HB, Jung HJ, Schoonman J, Sinclair R, Gür TM, Prinz FB. Atomic scale verification of oxide-ion vacancy distribution near a single grain boundary in YSZ. Sci Rep 2013; 3:2680.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eynon J. The Design Manager’s Handbook. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
Dehmer M, editor. Structural Analysis of Complex Networks. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiang L. Simulation System of Examination Score Analysis Based on an Improved Apriori Algorithm. In: Zeng D, editor. Advances in Computer Science and Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. page 19–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for h bioscience.

Blog post
Andrew E. Lions are on the brink of extinction in West Africa [Internet]. IFLScience2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: TSA Has Taken Actions to Address Transportation Security Acquisition Reform Act Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hung H-C. Allocation of Jobs and Resources to Work Centers. 2006;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD. Trump Imposes New Travel Ban on 7 Countries. New York Times2017; :A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleh bioscience
ISSN (print)2166-708X
ISSN (online)2166-7098

Other styles