How to format your references using the h bioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for h bioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thomas GH. Evolution: An avian explosion. Nature 2015; 526:516–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ortiz C, Boyce MC. Materials science. Bioinspired structural materials. Science 2008; 319:1053–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kao MH, Doupe AJ, Brainard MS. Contributions of an avian basal ganglia-forebrain circuit to real-time modulation of song. Nature 2005; 433:638–43.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Comin CH, Santos JR, Corradini D, Morrison W, Curme C, Rosene DL, Gabrielli A, Costa L da F, Stanley HE. Statistical physics approach to quantifying differences in myelinated nerve fibers. Sci Rep 2014; 4:4511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen T. Investing in the High Yield Municipal Market. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Tsikalas F, Dypvik H, Smelror M, editors. The Mjølnir Impact Event and its Consequences: Geology and Geophysics of a Late Jurassic/Early Cretaceous Marine Impact Event. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Li J, Ou X, Rajagopalan R. Uncertainty and Risk Management in Cyber Situational Awareness. In: Jajodia S, Liu P, Swarup V, Wang C, editors. Cyber Situational Awareness: Issues and Research. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. page 51–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for h bioscience.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Fossil Fuel Emissions Have Stalled: Global Carbon Budget 2016. IFLScience2016;


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Maritime Infrastructure: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Effectiveness of Federal Efforts to Support the Marine Transportation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Randall R. Department of Children and Family Services workers’ knowledge of childhood obesity and services for obese children. 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kwai I. Protests Over Punishment For Killing Aboriginal Teen. New York Times2017; :A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleh bioscience
ISSN (print)2166-708X
ISSN (online)2166-7098

Other styles