How to format your references using the h bioscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for h bioscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lawler A. SOLAR SYSTEM EXPLORATION: Push to Revive Pluto Mission May Mean Competition for JPL. Science 2000; 290:1270–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sprang SR, Elk JC. Cell signaling. Structural origins of receptor bias. Science 2012; 335:1055–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller CJ, Nichol RC, Batuski DJ. Acoustic oscillations in the early universe and today. Science 2001; 292:2302–3.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Smith GF, Steenkamp Y, Klopper RR, Siebert SJ, Arnold TH. The price of collecting life. Nature 2003; 422:375–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang B-C. Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Applications in Radar Image Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Thakuriah P (vonu). Transportation and Information: Trends in Technology and Policy. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Roussillon C, Gonzalez A, Solà J, Codol J-M, Mansard N, Lacroix S, Devy M. RT-SLAM: A Generic and Real-Time Visual SLAM Implementation. In: Crowley JL, Draper BA, Thonnat M, editors. Computer Vision Systems: 8th International Conference, ICVS 2011, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 20-22, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. page 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for h bioscience.

Blog post
Taub B. Cannibal Squid Spotted Tearing Each Other To Pieces In California [Internet]. IFLScience2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Gulf War Illnesses: DOD’s Conclusions About U.S. Troops’ Exposure Cannot Be Adequately Supported. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nonu ME. Eagle Lake Climate Change during the Holocene and during the Last 100 Years. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: Protesters Sentenced. New York Times2002; :A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleh bioscience
ISSN (print)2166-708X
ISSN (online)2166-7098

Other styles