How to format your references using the Zoomorphology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Zoomorphology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bazin D (2012) Nuclear physics: symmetrical tin. Nature 486:330–331
A journal article with 2 authors
Elowitz M, Lim WA (2010) Build life to understand it. Nature 468:889–890
A journal article with 3 authors
Richardson CE, Kooistra T, Kim DH (2010) An essential role for XBP-1 in host protection against immune activation in C. elegans. Nature 463:1092–1095
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Klein MW, Enkrich C, Wegener M, Linden S (2006) Second-harmonic generation from magnetic metamaterials. Science 313:502–504

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Manuele FA (2007) Advanced Safety Management Focusing on Z10 and Serious Injury Prevention. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Veit HM, Moura Bernardes A (eds) (2015) Electronic Waste: Recycling Techniques. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Verweij A (2010) Perspective in a box. In: García-Salgado T (ed) Architecture, Mathematics and Perspective. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp 47–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Zoomorphology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2015) Extraordinary Artificial Skin Can Transmit Sense Of Touch To Brain Cells. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Public Transportation: Multiple Factors Influence Extent of Transit-Oriented Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romanek JL (2009) The relative influence of sensation seeking and normal narcissism on academic cheating in emerging adults. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Slugger’s Penalty Includes a Walk Through History. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bazin 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Elowitz and Lim 2010; Bazin 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elowitz and Lim 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Klein et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleZoomorphology
ISSN (print)0720-213X
ISSN (online)1432-234X
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Developmental Biology

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