How to format your references using the Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cahn RW. Genesis by definition. Nature. 2001;410(6826):307.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor MS, Hellberg ME. Genetic evidence for local retention of pelagic larvae in a Caribbean reef fish. Science. 2003;299(5603):107-109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Finn CA, Sisson TW, Deszcz-Pan M. Aerogeophysical measurements of collapse-prone hydrothermally altered zones at Mount Rainier volcano. Nature. 2001;409(6820):600-603.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Marino AM, Pooser RC, Boyer V, Lett PD. Tunable delay of Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entanglement. Nature. 2009;457(7231):859-862.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferdjallah M. Introduction to Digital Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Shingareva I. Solving Nonlinear Partial Differential Equations with Maple and Mathematica. (Lizárraga-Celaya C, ed.). Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Köhler M, Moldt D, Rölke H, Valk R. Linking Micro and Macro Description of Scalable Social Systems Using Reference Nets. In: Fischer K, Florian M, Malsch T, eds. Socionics: Scalability of Complex Social Systems. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2005:51-67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy.

Blog post
Fang J. Why the Zebra Got Its Stripes. IFLScience. Published April 1, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Safe Routes to School: Progress in Implementing the Program, but a Comprehensive Plan to Evaluate Program Outcomes Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holman R. Music History Pedagogy: Three Approaches to Teaching a One-Semester Music History Survey Course in Accordance with the LEAP Initiative. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Scouting Report. New York Times. October 21, 2010:E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy
AbbreviationGynecol. Minim. Invasive Ther.
ISSN (print)2213-3070
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

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