How to format your references using the Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Roy K. Evolution. Dynamics of body size evolution. Science. 2008;321(5895):1451-1452.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Doma MK, Parker R. Endonucleolytic cleavage of eukaryotic mRNAs with stalls in translation elongation. Nature. 2006;440(7083):561-564.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bourne PE, Lorsch JR, Green ED. Perspective: Sustaining the big-data ecosystem. Nature. 2015;527(7576):S16-7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Santelli E, Bankston LA, Leppla SH, Liddington RC. Crystal structure of a complex between anthrax toxin and its host cell receptor. Nature. 2004;430(7002):905-908.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bisswanger H. Enzymkinetik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Morser J, Nishikawa S-I, Schöler HR, eds. Stem Cells in Reproduction and in the Brain. Vol 60. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kono M, Škorić MM. Nonlinear Interactions in Plasmas. In: Skoric M, ed. Nonlinear Physics of Plasmas. Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010:113-149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. From Creepy Clowns To The Dancing Plague – When Phobias Are Contagious. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Small Businesses and Innovation, Small Business Research Conference. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ugwu RI. Perceptions of elementary teachers from an urban school district in Southern California regarding their inquiry-based science instructional practices, assessment methods, and professional development. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M. ‘Jersey’ Seems to Be the Word. New York Times. August 12, 2010:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy
AbbreviationGynecol. Minim. Invasive Ther.
ISSN (print)2213-3070
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

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