How to format your references using the Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woolston C. Breast cancer: 4 big questions. Nature. 2015;527(7578):S120.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chandrashekar CM, Busch T. Quantum percolation and transition point of a directed discrete-time quantum walk. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6583.
A journal article with 3 authors
Depège N, Bellafiore S, Rochaix J-D. Role of chloroplast protein kinase Stt7 in LHCII phosphorylation and state transition in Chlamydomonas. Science. 2003;299(5612):1572-1575.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jiang W, Tang J, Wang Y, Zhao W, Duan Y. Characterization of argon direct-current glow discharge with a longitudinal electric field applied at ambient air. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eidhammer I, Barsnes H, Eide GE, Martens L. Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Kalyuzhnova Y. Local Content Policies in Resource-Rich Countries. (Nygaard CA, Omarov Y, Saparbayev A, eds.). Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Metzeler K. Diagnostic criteria, classification, and prognosis of acute leukemias. In: Hiddemann W, ed. Handbook of Acute Leukemia. Springer International Publishing; 2016:25-39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew E. Neurons In Your Skin Do Math. IFLScience. Published September 2, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Reduction in Demonstration Project Funding. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roettger ME. Three essays on social inequality and the U.S. criminal justice system. Published online 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy MJO. ‘Friday File’: The Whitney’s 1966 Debut (Now the Met Breuer). New York Times. February 26, 2016:C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy
AbbreviationGynecol. Minim. Invasive Ther.
ISSN (print)2213-3070
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

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