How to format your references using the Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ekeland I. Equilibrium: in the balance. Nature. 2002;417(6887):385.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berger A, Loutre MF. Climate. An exceptionally long interglacial ahead? Science. 2002;297(5585):1287-1288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hu F, Luo W, Hong M. Mechanisms of proton conduction and gating in influenza M2 proton channels from solid-state NMR. Science. 2010;330(6003):505-508.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu X, Zhang Y, Goswami DK, et al. The controlled evolution of a polymer single crystal. Science. 2005;307(5716):1763-1766.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bar-Eli M, Plessner H, Raab M. Judgement, Decision Making and Success in Sport. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Gurevych I, Kim J, eds. The People’s Web Meets NLP: Collaboratively Constructed Language Resources. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Golubov AA, Tanaka Y, Asano Y, Tanuma Y. Odd-Frequency Pairing in Superconducting Heterostructures. In: Sidorenko A, ed. Fundamentals of Superconducting Nanoelectronics. NanoScience and Technology. Springer; 2011:117-131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew E. Schizophrenia Revealed To Be 8 Genetically Distinct Disorders. IFLScience. Published September 15, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Training Necessary to Address Data Reliability Issues in NASA Agreement Database and to Minimize Potential Competition with Commercial Sector. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prasad H. Removing a Thorn with a Thorn: Evaluating India’s Use of Militias in Counterinsurgency. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. A New Superhero Arrives to Protect the Powerless. New York Times. October 22, 2014:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecology and Minimally Invasive Therapy
AbbreviationGynecol. Minim. Invasive Ther.
ISSN (print)2213-3070
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology

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