How to format your references using the BioControl citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for BioControl. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA (2000) SAVING KYOTO: Can the Kyoto Climate Treaty Be Saved From Itself? Science 290:920–921
A journal article with 2 authors
Varmus H, Harlow E (2012) Science funding: Provocative questions in cancer research. Nature 481:436–437
A journal article with 3 authors
Bizzarro M, Baker JA, Haack H (2004) Mg isotope evidence for contemporaneous formation of chondrules and refractory inclusions. Nature 431:275–278
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Meier MF, Dyurgerov MB, Rick UK, et al (2007) Glaciers dominate eustatic sea-level rise in the 21st century. Science 317:1064–1067

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Demaria C (2013) Introduction to Private Equity. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bruno R (2016) Turbulence in the Solar Wind. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Izmailov I, Poizner B, Romanov I, Smolskiy S (2016) Single- and Double-Circuit Nonlinear Ring InterferometerInterferometer – Double-Circuit Nonlinear Ring Interferometer (Dnri) as a CiphererCipherer in Optical SystemsCipherer – Cipherer in Optical Systems of Synchronous Chaotic Communications. In: Poizner B, Romanov I, Smolskiy S (eds) Cryptology Transmitted Message Protection: From Deterministic Chaos up to Optical Vortices. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 215–257

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for BioControl.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) People With Bipolar Symptoms Wait Six Years On Average For Treatment. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Legislation Amending the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baudy AR (2010) Efficacy of glucocorticoids in muscular dystrophy: Signaling, hormonal activities, and muscle inflammation. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2004) Russian Lawmakers Advance Counterterrorism Measures. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr 2000; Varmus and Harlow 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Varmus and Harlow 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Meier et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleBioControl
AbbreviationBiocontrol (Dordrecht)
ISSN (print)1386-6141
ISSN (online)1573-8248
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Insect Science

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