How to format your references using the New Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Efron, B., 2013. Mathematics. Bayes’ theorem in the 21st century. Science 340, 1177–1178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, M.S., Goldstein, J.L., 2006. Biomedicine. Lowering LDL--not only how low, but how long? Science 311, 1721–1723.
A journal article with 3 authors
van Groenigen, K.J., Osenberg, C.W., Hungate, B.A., 2011. Increased soil emissions of potent greenhouse gases under increased atmospheric CO2. Nature 475, 214–216.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gaietta, G., Deerinck, T.J., Adams, S.R., Bouwer, J., Tour, O., Laird, D.W., Sosinsky, G.E., Tsien, R.Y., Ellisman, M.H., 2002. Multicolor and electron microscopic imaging of connexin trafficking. Science 296, 503–507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartley, T., 2011. Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Cancer. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fermüller, C.G., Voronkov, A. (Eds.), 2010. Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning: 17th International Conference, LPAR-17, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, October 10-15, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Calude, C.S., 2009. Information: The Algorithmic Paradigm, in: Sommaruga, G. (Ed.), Formal Theories of Information: From Shannon to Semantic Information Theory and General Concepts of Information, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 79–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Create A “Bat Ear” That Lets You “See” What Bats Hear [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1979. Organizing the Federal Communications Commission for Greater Management and Regulatory Effectiveness (No. CED-79-107). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Angervil, G., 2017. Administrative Discretion in Public Policy Implementation: The Case of No Child Left Behind (NCLB) (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Howe, S.H., 1904. Mandan Territory. New York Times REVIEW OF BOOKSBR642.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Efron, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brown and Goldstein, 2006; Efron, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brown and Goldstein, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gaietta et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Astronomy
ISSN (print)1384-1076
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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