How to format your references using the New Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robock, A., 2008. Atmospheric science. Whither geoengineering? Science 320, 1166–1167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kmita, M., Duboule, D., 2003. Organizing axes in time and space; 25 years of colinear tinkering. Science 301, 331–333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suzuki, G., Shimazu, N., Tanaka, M., 2012. A yeast prion, Mod5, promotes acquired drug resistance and cell survival under environmental stress. Science 336, 355–359.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Piot, P., Feachem, R.G.A., Lee, J.-W., Wolfensohn, J.D., 2004. Public health. A global response to AIDS: lessons learned, next steps. Science 304, 1909–1910.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sobel, A., 2009. All for One. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Stieltjes, B., 2013. Diffusion Tensor Imaging: Introduction and Atlas. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Reid, C., Collins, J., Singh, M., 2014. Global Teachers’ Pathways to Australia, in: Collins, J., Singh, M. (Eds.), Global Teachers, Australian Perspectives: Goodbye Mr Chips, Hello Ms Banerjee. Springer, Singapore, pp. 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Rapid Evolution Lets Tasmanian Devils Fight Back Against Fatal Cancer [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Social Security: Observations on Improving Distribution of Death Information (No. GAO-02-233T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al khuwaildi, H.A., 2010. Green techniques in the healthcare system (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neal, L., 2010. Quotation of the Day. New York Times A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robock, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kmita and Duboule, 2003; Robock, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kmita and Duboule, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Piot et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Astronomy
ISSN (print)1384-1076
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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