How to format your references using the New Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2014. Europe needs a research leader who will lead. Nature 512, 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kabeche, L., Compton, D.A., 2013. Cyclin A regulates kinetochore microtubules to promote faithful chromosome segregation. Nature 502, 110–113.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turvey, S.T., Green, O.R., Holdaway, R.N., 2005. Cortical growth marks reveal extended juvenile development in New Zealand moa. Nature 435, 940–943.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brennan, J., Lu, C.C., Norris, D.P., Rodriguez, T.A., Beddington, R.S., Robertson, E.J., 2001. Nodal signalling in the epiblast patterns the early mouse embryo. Nature 411, 965–969.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cantrell, R.S., Cosner, C., 2004. Spatial Ecology via Reaction-Diffusion Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Scheffers, A.M., 2012. The Coastlines of the World with Google Earth: Understanding our Environment, Coastal Research Library. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Chi, J., Hong, C., Zhang, M., Zhang, Z., 2015. Privacy-Enhancing Range Query Processing over Encrypted Cloud Databases, in: Wang, J., Cellary, W., Wang, D., Wang, H., Chen, S.-C., Li, T., Zhang, Y. (Eds.), Web Information Systems Engineering – WISE 2015: 16th International Conference, Miami, FL, USA, November 1-3, 2015, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Astronomy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Light Spectrum Of Antimatter Observed For The First Time, And It Looks Like Regular Matter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Automobile Weight and Safety (No. T-PEMD-91-2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponder, S., 2010. Parent information nights: An elementary school principal’s search to increase parent input and affect the learning-at-home environment (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. A Household In Thrall To Tales Told. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kabeche and Compton, 2013; Macilwain, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kabeche and Compton, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Brennan et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Astronomy
ISSN (print)1384-1076
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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