How to format your references using the New Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pulverer, B., 2010. Transparency showcases strength of peer review. Nature 468, 29–31.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ohlstein, B., Spradling, A., 2007. Multipotent Drosophila intestinal stem cells specify daughter cell fates by differential notch signaling. Science 315, 988–992.
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsumoto, M., Saito, S., Ohmine, I., 2002. Molecular dynamics simulation of the ice nucleation and growth process leading to water freezing. Nature 416, 409–413.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schmidt-Mende, L., Fechtenkötter, A., Müllen, K., Moons, E., Friend, R.H., MacKenzie, J.D., 2001. Self-organized discotic liquid crystals for high-efficiency organic photovoltaics. Science 293, 1119–1122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parke, R.D., 2013. Future Families. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Peiris, C., 2007. Pro WCF: Practical Microsoft SOA Implementation. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, C.-T., Lo, C.-C., Tseng, C.-H., Chang, J.-M., 2010. An Information Theoretic Web Site Navigability Classification, in: Nguyen, N.T., Le, M.T., Świątek, J. (Eds.), Intelligent Information and Database Systems: Second International Conference, ACIIDS, Hue City, Vietnam, March 24-26, 2010. Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. A Handshake In Space Changed US-Russia Relations: How Long Will It Last? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/space/handshake-space-changed-us-russia-relations-how-long-will-it-last/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. Results of EDP Auditor Reader Survey on Microcomputers (No. 130372). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boerner, C.L., 2013. The organizational culture and leadership values that impact Native American water utility organizations (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. Still Wild For Animal Prints. New York Times E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pulverer, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ohlstein and Spradling, 2007; Pulverer, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ohlstein and Spradling, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Schmidt-Mende et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Astronomy
ISSN (print)1384-1076
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Instrumentation

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