How to format your references using the New Astronomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Astronomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schübeler, D., 2015. Function and information content of DNA methylation. Nature 517, 321–326.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schachman, H.K., Cassman, M., 2009. Retrospective. Ruth L. Kirschstein (1926-2009). Science 326, 947.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lekic, V., French, S.W., Fischer, K.M., 2011. Lithospheric thinning beneath rifted regions of Southern California. Science 334, 783–787.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dengler, M., Schott, F.A., Eden, C., Brandt, P., Fischer, J., Zantopp, R.J., 2004. Break-up of the Atlantic deep western boundary current into eddies at 8 degrees S. Nature 432, 1018–1020.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barrett-Lennard, G.T., 2014. The Relationship Inventory. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Li, Z., Vulkov, L., Waśniewski, J. (Eds.), 2005. Numerical Analysis and Its Applications: Third International Conference, NAA 2004, Rousse, Bulgaria, June 29-July 3, 2004, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Katagi, T., 2006. Behavior of Pesticides in Water-Sediment Systems, in: Ware, G.W., Albert, L.A., Voogt, P. de, Gerba, C.P., Hutzinger, O., Knaak, J.B., Mayer, F.L., Morgan, D.P., Park, D.L., Tjeerdema, R.S., Whitacre, D.M., Yang, R.S.H., Gunther, F.A. (Eds.), Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology: Continuation of Residue Reviews, Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 133–251.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Astronomy.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Here Are The Last Photos A Star-Crossed Robot Took Before Killing Itself On A Comet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. DOD Systems Modernization: Planned Investment in the Naval Tactical Command Support System Needs to be Reassessed (No. GAO-06-215). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rutherford, K.B., 2017. 500 Year Chenier, Architecture, Cultural Identity, and Land Change “Identification in a Dynamic Place” (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF, 2010. A New Character In Archie’s Town. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schübeler, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Schachman and Cassman, 2009; Schübeler, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schachman and Cassman, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Dengler et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Astronomy
ISSN (print)1384-1076
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

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