How to format your references using the Psychological Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Balancing the books. Nature, 428(6984), 781.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stapel, D. A., & Lindenberg, S. (2011). Coping with chaos: how disordered contexts promote stereotyping and discrimination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6026), 251–253.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, W. K. W., Harrison, W. G., & Head, E. J. H. (2006). Coherent sign switching in multiyear trends of microbial plankton. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5764), 1157–1160.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mali, S. S., Betty, C. A., Bhosale, P. N., Patil, P. S., & Hong, C. K. (2014). From nanocorals to nanorods to nanoflowers nanoarchitecture for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells at relatively low film thickness: All Hydrothermal Process. Scientific Reports, 4, 5451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fiske, J. R., & Fiske, C. A. (2009). The Big Book of Benefit Auctions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chakrabarti, G. (2012). Anatomy of Global Stock Market Crashes: An Empirical Analysis (C. Sen, Ed.). Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Mercorelli, P., & Frick, A. (2007). Industrial Applications Using Wavelet Packets for Gross Error Detection. In N. Nedjah, A. Abraham, & L. de M. Mourelle (Eds.), Computational Intelligence in Information Assurance and Security (pp. 89–127). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Review.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, July 4). Expedition Sets Sail To Assess Feasibility Of Deep-Sea Mining. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Surface Transportation: Preliminary Observations on Efforts to Restructure Current Program (GAO-08-478T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nevitt, D. S. (2017). Organic Geochemical Proxies as Indicators of Paleoenvironmental Conditions and Source Sediment Provenance in the Chenier Plain, Vermilion and Cameron Parishes, Louisiana, USA [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2015, April 12). Risky Moves in the Game of Life Insurance. New York Times, BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2004; Stapel & Lindenberg, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stapel & Lindenberg, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mali et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Review
AbbreviationPsychol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0033-295X
ISSN (online)1939-1471
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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