How to format your references using the Psychological Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klar, A. J. S. (2002). Fibonacci’s flowers. Nature, 417(6889), 595.
A journal article with 2 authors
Polyak, K., & Marusyk, A. (2014). Cancer: Clonal cooperation. Nature, 508(7494), 52–53.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moreno, E., Basler, K., & Morata, G. (2002). Cells compete for decapentaplegic survival factor to prevent apoptosis in Drosophila wing development. Nature, 416(6882), 755–759.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shi, G., Shen, Y., Liu, J., Wang, C., Wang, Y., Song, B., Hu, J., & Fang, H. (2014). Molecular-scale hydrophilicity induced by solute: molecular-thick charged pancakes of aqueous salt solution on hydrophobic carbon-based surfaces. Scientific Reports, 4, 6793.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pelto, M. (2017). Recent Climate Change Impacts on Mountain Glaciers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pezzulo, G., Butz, M. V., Castelfranchi, C., & Falcone, R. (Eds.). (2008). The Challenge of Anticipation: A Unifying Framework for the Analysis and Design of Artificial Cognitive Systems (Vol. 5225). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Moris, D., Athanasiou, A., Vernadakis, S., & Georgopoulos, S. (2016). Biomarkers for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. In V. B. Patel & V. R. Preedy (Eds.), Biomarkers in Cardiovascular Disease (pp. 541–572). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 6). Just How Little Do We Know About The Ocean Floor? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Department of Education: Multiple, Nonintegrated Systems Hamper Management of Student Financial Aid Programs (T-HEHS/AIMD-97-132). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kolaski, G. W. (2010). Cultural awareness and the U.S. military advisor in the Arab Middle East: A phenomenological study [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2004, May 15). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Head Of Exile Church In First Visit. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klar, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Klar, 2002; Polyak & Marusyk, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Polyak & Marusyk, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Moreno et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Review
AbbreviationPsychol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0033-295X
ISSN (online)1939-1471
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles