How to format your references using the Psychological Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Joyce, G. F. (2007). Obituary: Leslie Orgel (1927-2007). Nature, 450(7170), 627.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rappuoli, R., & Aderem, A. (2011). A 2020 vision for vaccines against HIV, tuberculosis and malaria. Nature, 473(7348), 463–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bascom-Slack, C. A., Arnold, A. E., & Strobel, S. A. (2012). IBI series winner. Student-directed discovery of the plant microbiome and its products. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6106), 485–486.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bjedov, I., Tenaillon, O., Gérard, B., Souza, V., Denamur, E., Radman, M., Taddei, F., & Matic, I. (2003). Stress-induced mutagenesis in bacteria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5624), 1404–1409.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davies, G. (2005). Designing and Developing Scalable IP Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Olsen, H. (2016). The Four Faces of the Republican Party: The Fight for the 2016 Presidential Nomination (D. J. Scala, Ed.). Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Hayman, C. (2014). Maximizing the Potential of Locally Led Peacebuilding in Conflict Affected States. In S. Hellmüller & M. Santschi (Eds.), Is Local Beautiful?: Peacebuilding between International Interventions and Locally Led Initiatives (pp. 65–77). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Review.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, February 22). Brain Scans Could Help Predict Teenage Drug Use. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-96-18(2)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roth, M. M. (2017). Depositional Environment of the Carbonate Cap Rock at the Pine Prairie Field, Evangeline Parish, Louisiana: Implications of Salt Diapirism on Cook Mountain Reservoir Genesis [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2011, January 26). Illinois Plan For Pensions Questioned. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Joyce, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Joyce, 2007; Rappuoli & Aderem, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rappuoli & Aderem, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Bascom-Slack et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bjedov et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Review
AbbreviationPsychol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0033-295X
ISSN (online)1939-1471
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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