How to format your references using the Psychological Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychological Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Treutlein, P. (2012). Physics. A single spin feels the vibrations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6076), 1584–1585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bartek, J., & Lukas, J. (2001). Cell cycle. Order from destruction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5540), 66–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pryke, S. R., Rollins, L. A., & Griffith, S. C. (2010). Females use multiple mating and genetically loaded sperm competition to target compatible genes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5994), 964–967.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Gerton, J. M., Strekalov, D., Prodan, I., & Hulet, R. G. (2000). Direct observation of growth and collapse of a Bose-Einstein condensate with attractive interactions. Nature, 408(6813), 692–695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lebowitz, E. R., & Omer, H. (2013). Treating Childhood and Adolescent Anxiety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Merci, B., Roekaerts, D., & Sadiki, A. (Eds.). (2011). Experiments and Numerical Simulations of Diluted Spray Turbulent Combustion: Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Turbulent Spray Combustion (Vol. 17). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, Q., Duan, X., & Peng, C. (2014). Laser Micro-/Nanofabrication and Applications Based on Multiphoton Process. In X. Duan & C. Peng (Eds.), Novel Optical Technologies for Nanofabrication (pp. 81–151). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychological Review.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, April 29). Conservationist To Fly Thousands Of Kilometers Alongside Migrating Swans On Epic Journey. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Alternative Market Mechanisms for the Student Loan Program (No. GAO-02-84SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Latronica, A. N. (2016). The effect of emotion regulation on stress and the role of executive function (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017, March 3). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, p. MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Treutlein, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bartek & Lukas, 2001; Treutlein, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bartek & Lukas, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Pryke, Rollins, & Griffith, 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Gerton, Strekalov, Prodan, & Hulet, 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychological Review
AbbreviationPsychol. Rev.
ISSN (print)0033-295X
ISSN (online)1939-1471
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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