How to format your references using the Coronary Artery Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Coronary Artery Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kadanoff LP. Kenneth Geddes Wilson (1936-2013). Nature. 2013 Aug 1;500(7460):30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Belcher CM, McElwain JC. Limits for combustion in low O2 redefine paleoatmospheric predictions for the Mesozoic. Science. 2008 Aug 29;321(5893):1197–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bergmann DC, Lukowitz W, Somerville CR. Stomatal development and pattern controlled by a MAPKK kinase. Science. 2004 Jun 4;304(5676):1494–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Paxinos EE, James HF, Olson SL, Ballou JD, Leonard JA, Fleischer RC. Prehistoric decline of genetic diversity in the nene. Science. 2002 Jun 7;296(5574):1827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morton A, Mengersen K, Whitby M, Playford G. Statistical Methods for Hospital Monitoring with R. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Wilson-Rawls J, Kusumi K, editors. Innovations in Molecular Mechanisms and Tissue Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. X, 182 p. 22 illus., 19 illus. in color. (Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine).
A chapter in an edited book
Hjertager BH. Multi-fluid CFD Analysis of Chemical Reactors. In: Marchisio DL, Fox RO, editors. Multiphase Reacting Flows: Modelling and Simulation. Vienna: Springer; 2007. p. 125–79. (CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Coronary Artery Disease.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Amazing Footage Captures Part Of A Chinese Rocket Burning Up Over The US. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Staffing: Better Strategy Needed to Ensure Facilities Are Properly Staffed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Oct. Report No.: T-RCED-92-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Banks GM. The revolution will not be gender-ized [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Zecher LK. The Path to Publishing. New York Times. 2013 Jan 13;BU8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleCoronary Artery Disease
AbbreviationCoron. Artery Dis.
ISSN (print)0954-6928
ISSN (online)1473-5830
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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