How to format your references using the Biology of Sex Differences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biology of Sex Differences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bygbjerg IC. Double burden of noncommunicable and infectious diseases in developing countries. Science. 2012;337:1499–501.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Long MA, Fee MS. Using temperature to analyse temporal dynamics in the songbird motor pathway. Nature. 2008;456:189–94.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ahn CH, Rabe KM, Triscone J-M. Ferroelectricity at the nanoscale: local polarization in oxide thin films and heterostructures. Science. 2004;303:488–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sugimoto Y, Pou P, Custance O, Jelinek P, Abe M, Perez R, et al. Complex patterning by vertical interchange atom manipulation using atomic force microscopy. Science. 2008;322:413–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. McGeough JA. The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Huang W, editor. Handbook of Human Centric Visualization. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wall DH. Biodiversity: Extracting Lessons from Extreme Soils. In: Dion P, Nautiyal CS, editors. Microbiology of Extreme Soils. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 71–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biology of Sex Differences.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Why Is Hawaii Bent? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/curious-bend-hawaiian-emperor-seamount-chain-caused-misbehaving-mantle-plume/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Workforce: Responses to Follow-up Questions regarding the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Use of Term Appointments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Feb. Report No.: GAO-09-356R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. DeMoss MD. Mapping the issues: A content analysis of elementary and secondary education news stories from 1968 to 2008 on television networks [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Paulson M. ‘Gettin’ the Band Back Together’ Opens in 2018. New York Times. 2017 Aug 14;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBiology of Sex Differences
AbbreviationBiol. Sex Differ.
ISSN (online)2042-6410
Scope

Other styles