How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Royal CDM: Genome-sequencing anniversary. My genome, my identity, my health. Science 2011, 331:690–691.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leeb M, Wutz A: Derivation of haploid embryonic stem cells from mouse embryos. Nature 2011, 479:131–134.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia S, Noma K-I, Grewal SIS: RNAi-independent heterochromatin nucleation by the stress-activated ATF/CREB family proteins. Science 2004, 304:1971–1976.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Liu Y, Chen C-C, Hong Z, Gao J, Yang YM, Zhou H, Dou L, Li G, Yang Y: Solution-processed small-molecule solar cells: breaking the 10% power conversion efficiency. Sci Rep 2013, 3:3356.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Walker M: Happy-People-Pills For All. Wiley Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
Defourny B, Terlaky T (Eds): Modeling and Optimization: Theory and Applications: MOPTA, Bethlehem, PA, USA, August 2014 Selected Contributions. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ben Cheikh A, Abbes H, Fedak G: Towards Privacy for MapReduce on Hybrid Clouds Using Information Dispersal Algorithm. In Data Management in Cloud, Grid and P2P Systems: 7th International Conference, Globe 2014, Munich, Germany, September 2-3, 2014. Proceedings. Edited by Hameurlain A, Dang TK, Morvan F. Springer International Publishing; 2014:37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Pharmacology.

Blog post
Davis J: First Case Of Drug-Resistant Malaria From Africa Has Been Discovered. IFLScience 2017,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Incorporation of Contract Clause Into Proposed FPR Temporary Regulation. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Underwood VL: The effect of guided reading instruction on reading achievement. 2010,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG: Super Powers: Turning a Dime Into a Million Bucks. New York Times 2010,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Pharmacology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1471-4892
ISSN (online)1471-4973
ScopeDrug Discovery

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