How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nurse P: Systems biology: understanding cells. Nature 2003, 424:883.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tatar M, Rand DM: Aging. Dietary advice on Q. Science 2002, 295:54–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vergoz V, Schreurs HA, Mercer AR: Queen pheromone blocks aversive learning in young worker bees. Science 2007, 317:384–386.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shindell DT, Schmidt GA, Mann ME, Rind D, Waple A: Solar forcing of regional climate change during the Maunder Minimum. Science 2001, 294:2149–2152.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King AM: Internal Control of Fixed Assets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Tazreiter C: Fluid Security in the Asia Pacific: Transnational Lives, Human Rights and State Control. Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Chatterjee S, Sarkar P: Boneh-Franklin IBE and its Variants. In Identity-Based Encryption. Edited by Sarkar P. Springer US; 2011:49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrews R: A Step-By-Step Guide To Death By Lava Flow. IFLScience 2017,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: By Making the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory a Federal Computer Center, the Department of Energy Can Save Millions While Serving Government Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chiang I-C: A historical technique from a modern perspective: The transcription scordatura in Mozart’s Sinfonia Concertante for Violin, Viola and Orchestra in E-flat major, K. 364. 2010,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW: Tiny Territory, Debt in Billions: Fears Spread to Virgin Islands. New York Times 2017,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Pharmacology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1471-4892
ISSN (online)1471-4973
ScopeDrug Discovery

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