How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ott U: PLANETARY SCIENCE: Enhanced: Salty Old Rocks. Science 2000, 288:1761–1762.
A journal article with 2 authors
Luk Y-Y, Abbott NL: Surface-driven switching of liquid crystals using redox-active groups on electrodes. Science 2003, 301:623–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggman KL, Helmstaedter M, Denk W: Wiring specificity in the direction-selectivity circuit of the retina. Nature 2011, 471:183–188.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Horsley SAR, Hooper IR, Mitchell-Thomas RC, Quevedo-Teruel O: Removing singular refractive indices with sculpted surfaces. Sci Rep 2014, 4:4876.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reinhardt H-W: Ingenieurbaustoffe. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2010.
An edited book
Preciado D (Ed): Otitis Media: State of the art concepts and treatment. Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Rolando A, Di Vita S: Reference Case Studies and Best Practices. In From Smart City to Smart Region: Digital Services for an Internet of Places. Edited by Rolando A, Di Vita S. Springer International Publishing; 2016:73–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Five Myths About Gravitational Waves. IFLScience 2015,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Digests of Unpublished Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. III, No. 2. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davies GL: An analysis of Pat Metheny’s and Lyle Mays’s “Third Wind”: Arranging techniques and performance considerations. 2015,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir SM, Ferré-Sadurní L: Cats Found In Building, Halting Demolition. New York Times 2017,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Pharmacology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1471-4892
ISSN (online)1471-4973
ScopeDrug Discovery

Other styles