How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lastoskie C: Chemistry. Caging carbon dioxide. Science 2010, 330:595–596.
A journal article with 2 authors
Green DR, Kroemer G: The pathophysiology of mitochondrial cell death. Science 2004, 305:626–629.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wigginton N, Yeston J, Malakoff D: Working with waste. More treasure than trash. Introduction. Science 2012, 337:662–663.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ishimura S, Furuhashi M, Mita T, Fuseya T, Watanabe Y, Hoshina K, Kokubu N, Inoue K, Yoshida H, Miura T: Reduction of endoplasmic reticulum stress inhibits neointima formation after vascular injury. Sci Rep 2014, 4:6943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hogan K: The Secret Language of Business. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Xin X: Control Design and Analysis for Underactuated Robotic Systems. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Seidl M, Scholz M, Huemer C, Kappel G: The State Machine Diagram. In UML @ Classroom: An Introduction to Object-Oriented Modeling. Edited by Scholz M, Huemer C, Kappel G. Springer International Publishing; 2015:85–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Pharmacology.

Blog post
Davis J: Highest Living Plants Discovered Six Kilometers Up A Mountain. IFLScience 2016,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Reports Issued in July 1989. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gwaduri E: A personal narrative: Struggles and experiences of acculturation as a Pakistani Shia Muslim while battling immigration. 2009,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B: Skipping the French Open Is a Strategy That Fits a Unique Player. New York Times 2017,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Pharmacology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1471-4892
ISSN (online)1471-4973
ScopeDrug Discovery

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