How to format your references using the Current Opinion in Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Opinion in Pharmacology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zubelewicz A: Liquid-liquid-solid transition in viscoelastic liquids. Sci Rep 2013, 3:1323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keefer DK, Larsen MC: Geology. Assessing landslide hazards. Science 2007, 316:1136–1138.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön JH, Meng H, Bao Z: Self-assembled monolayer organic field-effect transistors. Nature 2001, 413:713–716.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Samejima K, Ueda Y, Doya K, Kimura M: Representation of action-specific reward values in the striatum. Science 2005, 310:1337–1340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Greiman VA: Megaproject Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Curtin RT, Reynolds PD (Eds): New Firm Creation in the United States: Initial Explorations with the PSED II Data Set. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Behera NKS, Sahoo MK, Behera HS: HOG Based Radial Basis Function Network for Brain MR Image Classification. In Computational Intelligence in Data Mining - Volume 1: Proceedings of the International Conference on CIDM, 20-21 December 2014. Edited by Jain LC, Behera HS, Mandal JK, Mohapatra DP. Springer India; 2015:45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Opinion in Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrews R: Half Of All PhD Students Suffer From Psychological Distress. IFLScience 2017,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Is Working to Ensure Continuity but Needs to Quickly Address Information Security Weaknesses and Future Program Uncertainties. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miranda PJ: Tightly-coupled sulfur-cycling microbial mats of the White Point hydrothermal vent field, CA: An analog for deep-sea vents. 2015,

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shoumali K, Hubbard B: U.S. Strike on Syria Fuels Uncertainty on the Ground. New York Times 2017,

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Opinion in Pharmacology
AbbreviationCurr. Opin. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)1471-4892
ISSN (online)1471-4973
ScopeDrug Discovery

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