How to format your references using the Gut Pathogens citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gut Pathogens. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dalcanton JJ. 18 years of science with the Hubble Space Telescope. Nature. 2009;457:41–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Ozanne SE, Hales CN. Lifespan: catch-up growth and obesity in male mice. Nature. 2004;427:411–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ungless MA, Magill PJ, Bolam JP. Uniform inhibition of dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area by aversive stimuli. Science. 2004;303:2040–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Höner OP, Wachter B, East ML, Streich WJ, Wilhelm K, Burke T, et al. Female mate-choice drives the evolution of male-biased dispersal in a social mammal. Nature. 2007;448:798–801.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Joyner M. Integration Marketing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. de Graaf C. Magnetic Interactions in Molecules and Solids. 1st ed. 2016. Broer R, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zhang G, Fischer-Hübner S. Timing Attacks on PIN Input in VoIP Networks (Short Paper). In: Holz T, Bos H, editors. Detection of Intrusions and Malware, and Vulnerability Assessment: 8th International Conference; DIMVA 2011, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, July 7-8, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 75–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gut Pathogens.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Blue Whales Travel Enormous Distances [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/scientists-discover-whale-journey/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Is Working to Ensure Continuity but Needs to Quickly Address Information Security Weaknesses and Future Program Uncertainties. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 May. Report No.: GAO-16-359.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Clark M. How Charter School Teachers Act on Perceived Autonomy: A Qualitative Study of Curricular Decisions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams G, Kakissis J, Ferren A, Sherwood S, Williams IK, Parla K, et al. 15 Cities, Wrapped in a Bow, for Under $100. New York Times. 2011 Apr 17;TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGut Pathogens
AbbreviationGut Pathog.
ISSN (online)1757-4749
ScopeMicrobiology
Parasitology
Virology
Gastroenterology
Infectious Diseases

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