How to format your references using the Earth, Planets and Space citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth, Planets and Space. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howie A (2012) Akira Tonomura (1942-2012). Nature 486:324
A journal article with 2 authors
Rejec T, Meir Y (2006) Magnetic impurity formation in quantum point contacts. Nature 442:900–903
A journal article with 3 authors
Saito C, Shinzawa K, Tsujimoto Y (2014) Synchronized necrotic death of attached hepatocytes mediated via gap junctions. Sci Rep 4:5169
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wilkie GS, Davison AJ, Kerr K, et al (2014) First fatality associated with elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus 5 in an Asian elephant: pathological findings and complete viral genome sequence. Sci Rep 4:6299

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moll W, Moll A (2011) Schallschutz im Wohnungsbau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Sethi SP (2005) Inventory and Supply Chain Management with Forecast Updates. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Baets KD, Landman NH, Tanabe K (2015) Ammonoid Embryonic Development. In: Klug C, Korn D, De Baets K, et al. (eds) Ammonoid Paleobiology: From anatomy to ecology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 113–205

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth, Planets and Space.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Keychain First Aid Kit Might Help Save The Bees. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970) Status of Equipment, Automotive Mechanics Training Project. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chaisson C (2014) An Investigation of Lower Wilcox Group Coals in Portions of Avoyelles, Catahoula, Concordia, Grant, Lasalle, and Rapides Parishes, Louisiana. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) The Ratings for ‘Megyn Kelly Today’? Well, There’s Always Tomorrow. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Howie 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Rejec and Meir 2006; Howie 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rejec and Meir 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilkie et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth, Planets and Space
AbbreviationEarth Planets Space
ISSN (online)1880-5981
Space and Planetary Science

Other styles