How to format your references using the Earth, Planets and Space citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth, Planets and Space. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mattmann CA (2013) Computing: A vision for data science. Nature 493:473–475
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaleeba JAR, Berger EA (2006) Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus fusion-entry receptor: cystine transporter xCT. Science 311:1921–1924
A journal article with 3 authors
Clayton JD, Kyriacou CP, Reppert SM (2001) Keeping time with the human genome. Nature 409:829–831
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Pitulko VV, Nikolsky PA, Girya EY, et al (2004) The Yana RHS site: humans in the Arctic before the last glacial maximum. Science 303:52–56

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith V (2012) Toni Morrison. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Curiel DT, Douglas JT (eds) (2005) Cancer Gene Therapy. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Alsabaan M, Naik K, Abdelkader T, et al (2011) Geocast Routing in Vehicular Networks for Reduction of CO 2 Emissions. In: Kranzlmüller D, Toja AM (eds) Information and Communication on Technology for the Fight against Global Warming: First International Conference, ICT-GLOW 2011, Toulouse, France, August 30-31, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 26–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth, Planets and Space.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Anthropocene Has Been Shaped By The Media And Our Digital Lives. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Report to the Secretary, HEW, on the National Direct Student Loan Delinquency Rate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Larson SE (2014) A case of rational irrationality: Evidence of expressive interest bias in state e-commerce sales and use tax legislation. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J (2017) Hamilton Minus Music. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mattmann 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kaleeba and Berger 2006; Mattmann 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaleeba and Berger 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Pitulko et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth, Planets and Space
AbbreviationEarth Planets Space
ISSN (online)1880-5981
Space and Planetary Science

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