How to format your references using the Gut Microbes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gut Microbes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hyman S. Mental health: depression needs large human-genetics studies. Nature 2014; 515:189–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Goldenberg C, Goldhirsch I. Friction enhances elasticity in granular solids. Nature 2005; 435:188–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mennill DJ, Ratcliffe LM, Boag PT. Female eavesdropping on male song contests in songbirds. Science 2002; 296:873.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Kirshenbaum SR, Mooney C, Otto SL, Chapman M, Dacey A, Holt R, Krauss L. Science and government. Science and the candidates. Science 2008; 320:182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bonneau D, Fatu A, Souchet D. Internal Combustion Engine Bearings Lubrication in Hydrodynamic Bearings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Damjanov I, Fan F, editors. Cancer Grading Manual. 2nd ed. 2013. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hertel D, Leuschner C, Harteveld M, Wiens M. Fine root mass, distribution and regeneration in disturbed primary forests and secondary forests of the moist tropics. In: Tscharntke T, Leuschner C, Zeller M, Guhardja E, Bidin A, editors. Stability of Tropical Rainforest Margins: Linking Ecological, Economic and Social Constraints of Land Use and Conservation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. page 87–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gut Microbes.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Cancer Drug Could Help Towards HIV Cure [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/cancer-drug-could-help-towards-hiv-cure/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Screening Partnership Program: TSA Has Improved Application Guidance and Monitoring of Screener Performance, and Continues to Improve Cost Comparison Methods. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bennett AL. An Empirical Longitudinal Analysis of Agile Methodologies and Firm Financial Performance. 2019;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Belson K. Head Coach of Broncos Is Expected to Retire. New York Times2017; :D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGut Microbes
AbbreviationGut Microbes
ISSN (print)1949-0976
ISSN (online)1949-0984
ScopeMicrobiology
Gastroenterology
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles