How to format your references using the Gut Microbes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gut Microbes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cyranoski D. Will creativity thrive in an island paradise? Nature 2004; 429:220–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Perea G, Araque A. Astrocytes potentiate transmitter release at single hippocampal synapses. Science 2007; 317:1083–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dandekar AA, Chugani S, Greenberg EP. Bacterial quorum sensing and metabolic incentives to cooperate. Science 2012; 338:264–6.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Sun C, Ma M, Yang J, Zhang Y, Chen P, Huang W, Dong X. Phase-controlled synthesis of α-NiS nanoparticles confined in carbon nanorods for high performance supercapacitors. Sci Rep 2014; 4:7054.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Alrifai T. Islamic Finance and the New Financial System. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Zajda J, editor. Decentralisation and Privatisation in Education: The Role of the State. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Morris O, Tebruegge M, Pallett A, Green SM, Pearson AD, Tuck A, Clarke SC, Roderick P, Faust SN. Clostridium difficile in Children: A Review of Existing and Recently Uncovered Evidence. In: Curtis N, Finn A, Pollard AJ, editors. Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children IX. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. page 57–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gut Microbes.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Do Opioids Make Pain Worse? IFLScience2016;

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: GSA Has Made Progress in Planning Governmentwide Program but Challenges Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Winter JM. Investigating the biosynthesis of halogenated meroterpenoid natural products from marine actinomycetes. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wilson M. 47 Years Later, a Murder Victim Defined by Aliases Has a Name. New York Times2017; :A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGut Microbes
AbbreviationGut Microbes
ISSN (print)1949-0976
ISSN (online)1949-0984
ScopeMicrobiology
Gastroenterology
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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