How to format your references using the Gut Microbes citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gut Microbes. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Alexander HM. Ecology: Shared ancestry predicts disease levels. Nature 2015; 520:446–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mann CC, Plummer ML. ECOLOGY: The Other H’s. Science 2000; 289:718.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Shelly DR, Beroza GC, Ide S. Non-volcanic tremor and low-frequency earthquake swarms. Nature 2007; 446:305–7.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Zhang P, Yaji K, Hashimoto T, Ota Y, Kondo T, Okazaki K, Wang Z, Wen J, Gu GD, Ding H, et al. Observation of topological superconductivity on the surface of an iron-based superconductor. Science 2018; 360:182–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Korn GA. Advanced Dynamic-System Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Aspinall PJ. The African Diaspora Population in Britain: Migrant Identities and Experiences. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Meinel D, Staude A, Ehrig K. Analyzing Microstructure and Damage in Construction Materials with 3D Micro CT. In: Bernard D, Buffière J-Y, Pollock T, Poulsen HF, Rollett A, Uchic M, editors. Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress on 3D Materials Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. page 23–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gut Microbes.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Certain Traits Could Come From Our Mother’s Bacteria, Rather Than Our Genes [Internet]. IFLScience2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]; Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/certain-traits-could-come-our-mothers-bacteria-rather-our-genes/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Highway Projects--Extent of Unobligated Balances for Demonstration Projects as of April 30, 2004. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Trahan MW. Large-scale 20th Century Warming Identified in the East Siberian Arctic Using Tree-ring Carbon Isotope Records. 2015;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Johnson M. A Brief Resurrection. New York Times2013; :MM50.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleGut Microbes
AbbreviationGut Microbes
ISSN (print)1949-0976
ISSN (online)1949-0984
ScopeMicrobiology
Gastroenterology
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles