How to format your references using the Euphytica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Euphytica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kreeger K (2003) Access delayed. Nature 422:96–97
A journal article with 2 authors
Kleizen B, Braakman I (2013) Cell biology. A sweet send-off. Science 340:930–931
A journal article with 3 authors
Berciu M, Rappoport TG, Jankó B (2005) Manipulating spin and charge in magnetic semiconductors using superconducting vortices. Nature 435:71–75
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Heisenberg CP, Tada M, Rauch GJ, et al (2000) Silberblick/Wnt11 mediates convergent extension movements during zebrafish gastrulation. Nature 405:76–81

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adhikari SK (2005) Variational Principles and the Numerical Solution of Scattering Problems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Virvou M, Jain LC (eds) (2008) Intelligent Interactive Systems in Knowledge-Based Environments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Boer J, Vijver M, Wesenbeeck L, et al (2006) Social Desirability: National and International Context. In: Aiking H, Boer J de, Vereijken J (eds) Sustainable Protein Production and Consumption: Pigs or Peas? Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 129–153

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Euphytica.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Giraffes Hum At Night. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) NASA Procurement: Status of Efforts to Improve Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Copeland AD (2013) A qualitative study of clinical oncology nurses’ perceptions of work-life balance. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Do Ankle Bracelets Work? Here’s One Way to Find Out. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kreeger 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Kreeger 2003; Kleizen and Braakman 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kleizen and Braakman 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Heisenberg et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuphytica
ISSN (print)0014-2336
ISSN (online)1573-5060
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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