How to format your references using the Euphytica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Euphytica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel G (2003) Cosmology: welcome to the real world. Nature 426:751
A journal article with 2 authors
Kneller EA, van Keken PE (2007) Trench-parallel flow and seismic anisotropy in the Mariana and Andean subduction systems. Nature 450:1222–1225
A journal article with 3 authors
Elbelrhiti H, Claudin P, Andreotti B (2005) Field evidence for surface-wave-induced instability of sand dunes. Nature 437:720–723
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hsu SY, Nakabayashi K, Nishi S, et al (2002) Activation of orphan receptors by the hormone relaxin. Science 295:671–674

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Somjit N, Robertson I, Chongcheawchamnan M (2016) Microwave and Millimetre-Wave Design for Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Whiteside M (2014) Promoting Aboriginal Health: The Family Wellbeing Empowerment Approach. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Kikuchi M, Azumi M (2015) Collisional Transport in Tokamak. In: Azumi M (ed) Frontiers in Fusion Research II: Introduction to Modern Tokamak Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 63–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Euphytica.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) First Direct Evidence That Zika Virus Causes Brain Damage. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Information Technology: SBA Needs to Strengthen Oversight of Its Loan Management and Accounting System Modernization. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bolman DB (2012) Examining the Relationship Between Technology Leadership Behaviors and Project Success. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J (2016) Feeling Cornered, Coal Industry Borrows From Big Tobacco’s Playbook, Activists Say. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel 2003; Kneller and van Keken 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kneller and van Keken 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Hsu et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuphytica
ISSN (print)0014-2336
ISSN (online)1573-5060
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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