How to format your references using the Euphytica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Euphytica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yamaguchi A (2001) Sex differences in vocal learning in birds. Nature 411:257–258
A journal article with 2 authors
Sáez AG, Lozano E (2005) Body doubles. Nature 433:111
A journal article with 3 authors
Schwartz AB, Moran DW, Reina GA (2004) Differential representation of perception and action in the frontal cortex. Science 303:380–383
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ritenberg M, Beilis E, Ilovitsh A, et al (2014) “Beating speckles” via electrically-induced vibrations of Au nanorods embedded in sol-gel. Sci Rep 4:3666

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens H (2012) Applied Building Physics. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany
An edited book
Al-Haj Baddar SW (2011) Designing Sorting Networks: A New Paradigm. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Frelin A, Grannäs J (2014) Navigating Middle Ground. In: Zandvliet D, Brok PD, Mainhard T, Tartwijk J van (eds) Interpersonal Relationships in Education: From Theory to Practice. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 57–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Euphytica.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Ban On Testing Vaccines On Captive Apes Threatens Their Wild Counterparts. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Naval Safety School Relocation: More Credible Cost Analysis Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carlson DL (2014) BOUND/(bang). Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2001) Survivors of the Winds of Change. New York Times 143

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yamaguchi 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Yamaguchi 2001; Sáez and Lozano 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sáez and Lozano 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Ritenberg et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuphytica
ISSN (print)0014-2336
ISSN (online)1573-5060
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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