How to format your references using the Euphytica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Euphytica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boughman JW (2001) Divergent sexual selection enhances reproductive isolation in sticklebacks. Nature 411:944–948
A journal article with 2 authors
Toffelmier DA, Tyburczy JA (2007) Electromagnetic detection of a 410-km-deep melt layer in the southwestern United States. Nature 447:991–994
A journal article with 3 authors
Pakull MW, Soria R, Motch C (2010) A 300-parsec-long jet-inflated bubble around a powerful microquasar in the galaxy NGC 7793. Nature 466:209–212
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gao SS, Silver PG, Linde AT, Sacks IS (2000) Annual modulation of triggered seismicity following the 1992 Landers earthquake in California. Nature 406:500–504

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allan D, Bragg N (2012) 802.1aq Shortest Path Bridging Design and Evolution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Favorskaya MN, Jain LC (eds) (2015) Computer Vision in Control Systems-2: Innovations in Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Cristofolini L (2015) Overview of Digital Image Correlation. In: Olmi G, Cristofolini L (eds) Experimental Stress Analysis for Materials and Structures: Stress Analysis Models for Developing Design Methodologies. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 187–213

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Euphytica.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) New Membrane Keeps Your Heart Beating. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Highways: How State Agencies Adopt New Pavement Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkow K (2017) Importance of Effective Leadership for the Success of Mergers and Acquisitions. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feuer A, Rashbaum WK (2017) Family Past Heightens Enigma of Judge’s Death. New York Times A20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boughman 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Boughman 2001; Toffelmier and Tyburczy 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toffelmier and Tyburczy 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuphytica
ISSN (print)0014-2336
ISSN (online)1573-5060
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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