How to format your references using the Euphytica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Euphytica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henderson DA (2011) Frank Fenner (1914-2010). Nature 469:35
A journal article with 2 authors
Mattick JS, Gagen MJ (2005) Mathematics/computation. Accelerating networks. Science 307:856–858
A journal article with 3 authors
Beal EJ, House CH, Orphan VJ (2009) Manganese- and iron-dependent marine methane oxidation. Science 325:184–187
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li Q, Owens JR, Han C, et al (2013) Self-organized and cu-coordinated surface linear polymerization. Sci Rep 3:2102

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garber R (2014) BIM Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Schadendorf D (2013) Handbook of Cutaneous Melanoma: A Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley
A chapter in an edited book
Lange DS, Verbancsics P, Gutzwiller RS, et al (2012) Command and Control of Teams of Autonomous Systems. In: Calinescu R, Garlan D (eds) Large-Scale Complex IT Systems. Development, Operation and Management: 17th Monterey Workshop 2012, Oxford, UK, March 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 81–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Euphytica.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Thanks To Climate Change, The Middle East And North Africa Are Basically Screwed. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Aviation Finance: Implementation of General Aviation Entitlement Grants. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Szurley JC (2010) The use of edge detection techniques to analyze thoracoabdominal movement and infer breathing volume. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stelter B (2013) Waking Up On The Wrong Side Of A Rating War. New York Times MM24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Henderson 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Mattick and Gagen 2005; Henderson 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mattick and Gagen 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuphytica
ISSN (print)0014-2336
ISSN (online)1573-5060
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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