How to format your references using the Euphytica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Euphytica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scudellari M (2015) Drug development: Mix and match. Nature 521:S12-4
A journal article with 2 authors
Abbott A, Schiermeier Q (2000) Deep roots of Nazi science revealed. Nature 407:823–824
A journal article with 3 authors
Hadders MA, Beringer DX, Gros P (2007) Structure of C8alpha-MACPF reveals mechanism of membrane attack in complement immune defense. Science 317:1552–1554
A journal article with 5 or more authors
van Montfort RLM, Congreve M, Tisi D, et al (2003) Oxidation state of the active-site cysteine in protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B. Nature 423:773–777

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hornberger G, Wiberg P (2005) Numerical Methods in the Hydrological Sciences. American Geophysical Union, Washington D. C.
An edited book
Curry GL (2009) Manufacturing Systems Modeling and Analysis. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Davis AB, Polonsky IN (2005) Approximation Methods in Atmospheric 3D Radiative Transfer Part 1: Resolved Variability and Phenomenology. In: Marshak A, Davis A (eds) 3D Radiative Transfer in Cloudy Atmospheres. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 283–340

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Euphytica.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) The Alien Megastructure Star May Have Eaten A Planet. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Space Exploration: NASA’s Deep Space Missions Are Experiencing Long Delays. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krau CF (2008) A case study of congregational design and implementation of adult Christian education. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices Overturn $79.5 Million in Punitive Damages Against Philip Morris. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scudellari 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott and Schiermeier 2000; Scudellari 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abbott and Schiermeier 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (van Montfort et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuphytica
ISSN (print)0014-2336
ISSN (online)1573-5060
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science
Plant Science

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