How to format your references using the GSA Today citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for GSA Today. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gupta, S., 2014, Mental health: ups and downs: Nature, v. 510, p. S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nowak, M.A., and Sigmund, K., 2004, Evolutionary dynamics of biological games: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 303, p. 793–799.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mace, G.M., Gittleman, J.L., and Purvis, A., 2003, Preserving the tree of life: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 300, p. 1707–1709.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Oana, K., Oma, Y., Suo, S., Takahashi, M.P., Nishino, I., Takeda, S., and Ishiura, S., 2013, Manumycin A corrects aberrant splicing of Clcn1 in myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) mice: Scientific reports, v. 3, p. 2142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meiswinkel, R., Meyer, J., and Schnell, J., 2013, Design and Construction of Nuclear Power Plants: Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ranchordas, A., Pereira, J.M., Araújo, H.J., and Tavares, J.M.R.S. (Eds.), 2010, Computer Vision, Imaging and Computer Graphics. Theory and Applications: International Joint Conference, VISIGRAPP 2009, Lisboa, Portugal, February 5-8, 2009. Revised Selected Papers: Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, Communications in Computer and Information Science, v. 68, XV, 371 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Lahr, J., Kahn, B., and Morton, S., 2007, Radioanalytical Chemistry Principles and Practices, in Kahn, B. ed., Radioanalytical Chemistry, New York, NY, Springer, p. 64–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for GSA Today.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016, Gene That Makes People Behave Like Idiots When Drunk Could Also Protect Against Diabetes: IFLScience, (accessed October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993, Aircraft Maintenance: FAA Needs to Follow Through on Plans to Ensure the Safety of Aging Aircraft: U.S. Government Printing Office RCED-93-91.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bishop-Randol, E., 2009, Outcomes of the Program of Assertive Community Treatment in Orange County, California [Doctoral dissertation]: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mills, S.G., 1927, The Child Again: New York Times, p. DRAMA-MUSIC FASHION-SCREENX4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gupta, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Nowak and Sigmund, 2004; Gupta, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nowak and Sigmund, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Oana et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGSA Today
AbbreviationGSA Today
ISSN (print)1052-5173

Other styles