How to format your references using the Strategic Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schreiber SJ. 2011. Ecology. Mathematical Dances with wolves. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334(6060): 1214–1215.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schmidt V, Gösele U. 2007. Materials science. How nanowires grow. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5825): 698–699.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lavrentovich OD, Lazo I, Pishnyak OP. 2010. Nonlinear electrophoresis of dielectric and metal spheres in a nematic liquid crystal. Nature 467(7318): 947–950.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Mizuguchi S et al. 2003. Chondroitin proteoglycans are involved in cell division of Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 423(6938): 443–448.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malhotra G. 2010. Chemical Process Simplification. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Höhn C, Avramov D, Kotowska IE (eds). 2008. People, Population Change and Policies: Lessons from the Population Policy Acceptance Study Vol. 1: Family Change. European Studies of Population. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 16/1.
A chapter in an edited book
Mahmoudi S, Kacem N, Bouhaddi N. 2014. Nonlinear Dynamics of a Hybrid Piezo-Electromagnetic Vibrating Energy Harvester. In Structural Health Monitoring, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 32nd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2014, Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series, Wicks A (ed). Springer International Publishing: Cham: 41–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Management Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2017, May 15. NASA Is Hunting Down A Runaway Black Hole. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at: [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Effectiveness and Morale of the Colorado Wing of the Civil Air Patrol. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkowitz ES. 2013. Some novel phenomena at high density. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M. 2017, May 26. Cyclists: Where to Live in New York. New York Times : RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schreiber, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Schmidt and Gösele, 2007; Schreiber, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schmidt and Gösele, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Lavrentovich, Lazo, and Pishnyak, 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Mizuguchi et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Management Journal
AbbreviationStrategic Manage. J.
ISSN (print)0143-2095
ISSN (online)1097-0266
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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