How to format your references using the Strategic Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. 2002. The best of both worlds. Seattle. Nature 417(6889): 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Teasley S, Wolinsky S. 2001. Communication. Scientific collaborations at a distance. Science (New York, N.Y.) 292(5525): 2254–2255.
A journal article with 3 authors
Derry WB, Putzke AP, Rothman JH. 2001. Caenorhabditis elegans p53: role in apoptosis, meiosis, and stress resistance. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294(5542): 591–595.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Wiita AP et al. 2007. Probing the chemistry of thioredoxin catalysis with force. Nature 450(7166): 124–127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bowers D, House A, Owens D. 2011. Getting Started in Health Research. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Armgardt M, Canivez P, Chassagnard-Pinet S (eds). 2015. Past and Present Interactions in Legal Reasoning and Logic. Logic, Argumentation & Reasoning, Interdisciplinary Perspectives from the Humanities and Social Sciences. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 7.
A chapter in an edited book
Mariano A, Dagdelen Ö, Bischof C. 2014. A Comprehensive Empirical Comparison of Parallel ListSieve and GaussSieve. In Euro-Par 2014: Parallel Processing Workshops: Euro-Par 2014 International Workshops, Porto, Portugal, August 25-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Lopes L et al. (eds). Springer International Publishing: Cham: 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Management Journal.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2017, February 14. The National Park Where Rangers Have A Licence To Kill Poachers. IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at: [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Legality of a Proposal for Transfer of Child Abuse and Neglect Research and Development Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Munchel BF. 2015. Exploratory Study of Counseling Professionals’ Attitudes Toward Distance Clinical Supervision. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2001, February 11. Looking For Love. New York Times : 141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2002; Teasley and Wolinsky, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Teasley and Wolinsky, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Derry, Putzke, and Rothman, 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wiita et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Management Journal
AbbreviationStrategic Manage. J.
ISSN (print)0143-2095
ISSN (online)1097-0266
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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