How to format your references using the Strategic Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Strategic Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Assad JA. 2014. Neuroscience: Updating views of visual updating. Nature 507(7493): 434–435.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dill KA, MacCallum JL. 2012. The protein-folding problem, 50 years on. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338(6110): 1042–1046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Purdy TP, Peterson RW, Regal CA. 2013. Observation of radiation pressure shot noise on a macroscopic object. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339(6121): 801–804.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Venkataraman L, Klare JE, Nuckolls C, Hybertsen MS, Steigerwald ML. 2006. Dependence of single-molecule junction conductance on molecular conformation. Nature 442(7105): 904–907.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stenning A, Smith A, Rochovská A, Świa̧tek D. 2010. Domesticating Neo-Liberalism. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Joffe H, Rossetto T, Adams J (eds). 2013. Cities at Risk: Living with Perils in the 21st Century. Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 33.
A chapter in an edited book
Braune N, Braune J. 2014. Erich Fromm’s Socialist Program and Prophetic Messianism, in Two Parts. In Reclaiming the Sane Society: Essays on Erich Fromm’s Thought, Miri SJ, Lake R, Kress TM (eds). SensePublishers: Rotterdam: 59–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Strategic Management Journal.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016, September 7. What Caused Oklahoma’s Powerful 5.6M Earthquake? IFLScience. IFLScience. Available at: [30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Aviation Security: TSA’s Change to Its Prohibited Items List Has Not Resulted in Any Reported Security Incidents, but the Impact of the Change on Screening Operations Is Inconclusive. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wansapura AN. 2010. The role of alpha sodium,potassium-ATPase isoforms in mediating cardiac hypertrophy in response to endogenous cardiotonic steroids. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nossiter A, Gladstone R. 2015, November 13. Series of Shootings and Blasts, Apparently Coordinated. New York Times : A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Assad, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Assad, 2014; Dill and MacCallum, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dill and MacCallum, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Purdy, Peterson, and Regal, 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Venkataraman et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleStrategic Management Journal
AbbreviationStrategic Manage. J.
ISSN (print)0143-2095
ISSN (online)1097-0266
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Strategy and Management

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