How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Business Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Business Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson, M. (2010). Nutrigenomics. Nature, 468(7327), S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Solozhenko, V. L., & Kurakevych, O. O. (2013). Equilibrium p-T phase diagram of boron: experimental study and thermodynamic analysis. Scientific reports, 3, 2351.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adilakshmi, T., Bellur, D. L., & Woodson, S. A. (2008). Concurrent nucleation of 16S folding and induced fit in 30S ribosome assembly. Nature, 455(7217), 1268–1272.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yoon, J. W., Choi, Y., Hahn, C., Kim, G., Song, S. H., Yang, K.-Y., et al. (2018). Time-asymmetric loop around an exceptional point over the full optical communications band. Nature, 562(7725), 86–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2010). Guidelines for Acquisition Evaluation and Post Merger Integration. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mueller, M. P., & Tippins, D. J. (Eds.). (2015). EcoJustice, Citizen Science and Youth Activism: Situated Tensions for Science Education (Vol. 1). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sprumont, Y. (2008). Monotonicity and Solidarity Axioms in Economics and Game Theory. In P. K. Pattanaik, K. Tadenuma, Y. Xu, & N. Yoshihara (Eds.), Rational Choice and Social Welfare: Theory and Applications Essays in Honor of Kotaro Suzumura (pp. 71–94). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Business Ethics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 15). Infrared Camera Shows The Black Leopard of Malaysia Actually Has Spots. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Review of Contractors’ Pension and Other Benefits for Employees Working at NASA’s Scientific and Technical Information Facility (No. HRD-81-49). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, F. (2009). A historical analysis of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the United States (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, October 16). Setting a New Standard for a Long-Beleaguered Franchise. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Grayson 2010; Solozhenko and Kurakevych 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Solozhenko and Kurakevych 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoon et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Business Ethics
AbbreviationAsian J. Bus. Ethics
ISSN (print)2210-6723
ISSN (online)2210-6731

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