How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Business Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Business Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmidt, C. (2015). Cancer: Reshaping the cancer clinic. Nature, 527(7576), S10-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koren, I., & Kimchi, A. (2012). Cell biology. Promoting tumorigenesis by suppressing autophagy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6109), 889–890.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahn, C. H., Rabe, K. M., & Triscone, J.-M. (2004). Ferroelectricity at the nanoscale: local polarization in oxide thin films and heterostructures. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5657), 488–491.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Knutti, R., Flückiger, J., Stocker, T. F., & Timmermann, A. (2004). Strong hemispheric coupling of glacial climate through freshwater discharge and ocean circulation. Nature, 430(7002), 851–856.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blumberg, L. M. (2010). Temperature-Programmed Gas Chromatography. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Van den Broeck, J., & Brestoff, J. R. (Eds.). (2013). Epidemiology: Principles and Practical Guidelines. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Andrews, S., & Polovina, S. (2011). A Mapping from Conceptual Graphs to Formal Concept Analysis. In S. Andrews, S. Polovina, R. Hill, & B. Akhgar (Eds.), Conceptual Structures for Discovering Knowledge: 19th International Conference on Conceptual Structures, ICCS 2011, Derby, UK, July 25-29, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 63–76). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Business Ethics.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, February 28). New EPA Chief Outlines How He’s Going To Neuter His Own Agency. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Aviation Safety: Progress on FAA Safety Indicators Program Slow and Challenges Remain (No. IMTEC-92-57). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lamb, B. K. (2015). A Comparison of Carbon Dioxide Emissions at a Roundabout and a Signalized Intersection in a Mid-Sized City (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, May 24). Armstrong Can’t Break Away From Doping Charges. New York Times, p. B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmidt 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Koren and Kimchi 2012; Schmidt 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koren and Kimchi 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Knutti et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Business Ethics
AbbreviationAsian J. Bus. Ethics
ISSN (print)2210-6723
ISSN (online)2210-6731

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