How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Business Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Business Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickware, P. (2000). Exploring the territory in tissue engineering. Nature, 403(6768), 464–465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, S. W. S., & Schwarz, N. (2010). Washing away postdecisional dissonance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5979), 709.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kawase, H., Okata, Y., & Ito, K. (2013). Role of huge geometric circular structures in the reproduction of a marine pufferfish. Scientific reports, 3, 2106.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Barra, A., Contucci, P., Sandell, R., & Vernia, C. (2014). An analysis of a large dataset on immigrant integration in Spain. The statistical mechanics perspective on social action. Scientific reports, 4, 4174.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xiu, L. (2012). Nanometer Frequency Synthesis Beyond the Phase-Locked Loop. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Beckert, M. (2016). Effects of Herbicide-Tolerant Crop Cultivation: Investigating the Durability of a Weed Management Tool. (Y. Dessaux, Ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Jojczyk, K., Pryczek, M., Tomczyk, A., Szczepaniak, P. S., & Grzelak, P. (2010). Cognitive Hierarchical Active Partitions Using Patch Approach. In L. Bolc, R. Tadeusiewicz, L. J. Chmielewski, & K. Wojciechowski (Eds.), Computer Vision and Graphics: International Conference, ICCVG 2010, Warsaw, Poland, September 20-22, 2010, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 35–42). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Business Ethics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 19). Researchers Develop Octopus-Inspired, Color-Changing Camouflage Material. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Motor Vehicle Safety: Key Issues Confronting the National Advanced Driving Simulator (No. RCED-92-195). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen, M. W. (2017). Popular Culture and War in the Vietnam Era (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 5). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Democrats; Clinton Says He Was Told of Draft Aid. New York Times, p. 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wickware 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Lee and Schwarz 2010; Wickware 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Schwarz 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Barra et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Business Ethics
AbbreviationAsian J. Bus. Ethics
ISSN (print)2210-6723
ISSN (online)2210-6731

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