How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Business Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Business Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meibom, A. (2008). Geochemistry. The rise and fall of a great idea. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5862), 418–419.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milhous, W. K., & Weina, P. J. (2010). Plant science. The botanical solution for malaria. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5963), 279–280.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Z., Szolnoki, A., & Perc, M. (2013). Optimal interdependence between networks for the evolution of cooperation. Scientific reports, 3, 2470.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Csikor, F. F., Motz, C., Weygand, D., Zaiser, M., & Zapperi, S. (2007). Dislocation avalanches, strain bursts, and the problem of plastic forming at the micrometer scale. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5848), 251–254.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Takezawa, K. (2012). Guidebook to R Graphics Using Microsoft® Windows. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bationo, A., Waswa, B., Kihara, J., Adolwa, I., Vanlauwe, B., & Saidou, K. (Eds.). (2012). Lessons learned from Long-term Soil Fertility Management Experiments in Africa. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin, P.-C. K., & Khatri, S. P. (2014). ATPG for Cancer Therapy. In S. P. Khatri (Ed.), Logic Synthesis for Genetic Diseases: Modeling Disease Behavior Using Boolean Networks (pp. 77–92). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Business Ethics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 28). Are Creative People More Prone To Psychological Distress Or Is The ‘Mad Genius’ A Myth? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). School Finance: Per-Pupil Spending Differences between Selected Inner City and Suburban Schools Varied by Metropolitan Area (No. GAO-03-234). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Berkowitz, A. E. (2015). Finding a Place for “Cacega Ayuwipi” within the Structure of American Indian Music and Dance Traditions (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinhauer, J., Thrush, G., & Pear, R. (2017, July 19). How a Health Care Bill Failed: G.O.P. Divisions and a Fed-Up President. New York Times, p. A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Meibom 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Meibom 2008; Milhous and Weina 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milhous and Weina 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Csikor et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Business Ethics
AbbreviationAsian J. Bus. Ethics
ISSN (print)2210-6723
ISSN (online)2210-6731

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