How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Business Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Business Ethics (Asian J Bus Ethics). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Waldrop, M. M. (2011). Physics meets cancer: The disruptor. Nature, 474(7349), 20–22.
A journal article with 2 authors
Banfield, J. F., & Young, M. (2009). Microbiology. Variety--the splice of life--in microbial communities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326(5957), 1198–1199.
A journal article with 3 authors
Willner, A. E., Wang, J., & Huang, H. (2012). Applied physics. A different angle on light communications. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6095), 655–656.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Quan, T., Li, J., Zhou, H., Li, S., Zheng, T., Yang, Z., et al. (2014). Digital reconstruction of the cell body in dense neural circuits using a spherical-coordinated variational model. Scientific reports, 4, 4970.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tms. (2011). Engineering Solutions for Sustainability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sainz de la Maza, M. (2012). The Sclera. (J. Tauber & C. S. Foster, Eds.) (2nd ed. 2012.). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Tryfonopoulos, C., Idreos, S., Koubarakis, M., & Raftopoulou, P. (2014). Distributed Large-Scale Information Filtering. In A. Hameurlain, J. Küng, & R. Wagner (Eds.), Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems XIII (pp. 91–122). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Business Ethics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015, February 1). Why You Should Never Mix Alcohol With Energy Drinks. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Rural Utilities Service: Opportunities to Operate Electricity and Telecommunications Loan Programs More Effectively (No. RCED-98-42). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baudy, A. R. (2010). Efficacy of glucocorticoids in muscular dystrophy: Signaling, hormonal activities, and muscle inflammation (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, September 6). ‘A Doll’s House, Part 2’ Is Closing on Broadway. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Müller 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Bartlett 2014; Epstein 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Banfield and Young 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Berezovsky et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Business Ethics
AbbreviationAsian J. Bus. Ethics
ISSN (print)2210-6723
ISSN (online)2210-6731

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