How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Business Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Business Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Looking for a fast track. Nature, 431(7006), 381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rieseberg, L. H., & Willis, J. H. (2007). Plant speciation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5840), 910–914.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Y., Shi, Y., & Ding, S. (2008). A chemical approach to stem-cell biology and regenerative medicine. Nature, 453(7193), 338–344.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yermiyahu, U., Tal, A., Ben-Gal, A., Bar-Tal, A., Tarchitzky, J., & Lahav, O. (2007). Environmental science. Rethinking desalinated water quality and agriculture. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5852), 920–921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Inness, P., & Dorling, S. (2012). Operational Weather Forecasting. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Napier, S. (Ed.). (2011). Persons, Moral Worth, and Embryos: A Critical Analysis of Pro-Choice Arguments (Vol. 111). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Martinez-Duarte, R., Teixidor, G. T., Mukherjee, P. P., Kang, Q., & Madou, M. J. (2010). Perspectives of Micro and Nanofabrication of Carbon for Electrochemical and Microfluidic Applications. In S. Chakraborty (Ed.), Microfluidics and Microfabrication (pp. 181–263). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Business Ethics.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, November 28). Poaching Increases African Elephants Born Without Tusks. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Inefficient Management of F-14 Spare Parts (No. PSAD-75-70). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goodwell, L. Y. (2017). Do athletic trainers have a positive impact on high school athletes’ knowledge of injury prevention and training habits? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Choi, M. H. K. (2015, March 3). LaCroix Sparkling Water. New York Times, p. MM28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Rieseberg and Willis 2007; Smaglik 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rieseberg and Willis 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Yermiyahu et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Business Ethics
AbbreviationAsian J. Bus. Ethics
ISSN (print)2210-6723
ISSN (online)2210-6731

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