How to format your references using the Asian Journal of Business Ethics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Journal of Business Ethics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag, H. (2004). All systems go. Nature, 427(6974), 568–569.
A journal article with 2 authors
Losick, R., & Sonenshein, A. L. (2001). Molecular biology. Turning gene regulation on its head. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5537), 2018–2019.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailis, R., Ezzati, M., & Kammen, D. M. (2005). Mortality and greenhouse gas impacts of biomass and petroleum energy futures in Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 98–103.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Takahashi, H., Kato, M., Matsuura, M., Mobbs, D., Suhara, T., & Okubo, Y. (2009). When your gain is my pain and your pain is my gain: neural correlates of envy and schadenfreude. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5916), 937–939.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chu, P. P. (2008). FPGA Prototyping by Verilog Examples. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Grunert, K. G., & Thøgersen, J. (Eds.). (2005). Consumers, Policy and the Environment A Tribute to Folke Ölander. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Rodriguez, V. L., & Davoudian, T. (2016). Clinical Measurement of Pain, Opioid Addiction, and Functional Status. In A. M. Matthews & J. C. Fellers (Eds.), Treating Comorbid Opioid Use Disorder in Chronic Pain (pp. 47–56). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Journal of Business Ethics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, February 21). Stinky Caterpillar Looks Like a Snake With a Fleshy, Forked Tongue. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Highway Infrastructure: Stakeholders’ Views on Time to Conduct Environmental Reviews of Highway Projects (No. GAO-03-534). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dodge, T. (2009). The effects of interactivity and visual realism on children’s cognitive empathy toward narrative characters (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, J. (2017, June 7). Skills-Gap Fixes. New York Times, p. F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hoag 2004; Losick and Sonenshein 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losick and Sonenshein 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Takahashi et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Journal of Business Ethics
AbbreviationAsian J. Bus. Ethics
ISSN (print)2210-6723
ISSN (online)2210-6731

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