How to format your references using the Frontiers in Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayr G. Old World fossil record of modern-type hummingbirds. Science (2004) 304:861–864.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugavaneshwar RP, Nanda KK. Uninterrupted and reusable source for the controlled growth of nanowires. Sci Rep (2013) 3:1172.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vaupel JW, Carey JR, Christensen K. Aging. It’s never too late. Science (2003) 301:1679–1681.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhou X, Ling X, Zhang Z, Luo H, Wen S. Observation of spin Hall effect in photon tunneling via weak measurements. Sci Rep (2014) 4:7388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles R. 200 Contractual Problems and their Solutions. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell (2012).
An edited book
Wooliscroft B, Tamilia RD, Shapiro SJ eds. A Twenty-First Century Guide to Aldersonian Marketing Thought. Boston, MA: Springer US (2006).
A chapter in an edited book
El-Salhy M, Hatlebakk JG, Hausken T. “Treatment Options Without Medication,” in Understanding and Controlling the Irritable Bowel, eds. J. G. Hatlebakk, T. Hausken (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 45–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E. NASA: Streaks Of Salt On Mars Mean Flowing Water, And Raise New Hopes Of Finding Life. IFLScience (2015) Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. D.C. Nonappropriated Revenue. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (1994).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chan K. Planned experiences compared to performance standards for entry-level dietetic interns. (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. A Virus Endangers Trout at Big Hatchery. New York Times (2007)14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Nutrition
AbbreviationFront. Nutr.
ISSN (online)2296-861X

Other styles