How to format your references using the Frontiers in Nutrition citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Nutrition. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bray D. Molecular networks: the top-down view. Science (2003) 301:1864–1865.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rajsbaum R, García-Sastre A. Virology. Unanchored ubiquitin in virus uncoating. Science (2014) 346:427–428.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rust MJ, Golden SS, O’Shea EK. Light-driven changes in energy metabolism directly entrain the cyanobacterial circadian oscillator. Science (2011) 331:220–223.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kim YS, Kato HE, Yamashita K, Ito S, Inoue K, Ramakrishnan C, Fenno LE, Evans KE, Paggi JM, Dror RO, et al. Crystal structure of the natural anion-conducting channelrhodopsin GtACR1. Nature (2018) 561:343–348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yu SF. Analysis and Design of Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Lasers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2005).
An edited book
Kugler T, Smith JC, Connolly T, Son Y-J eds. Decision Modeling and Behavior in Complex and Uncertain Environments. New York, NY: Springer (2008). XII, 364 p. 55 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Nava S, Fanfulla F. “Quando iniziare (o meno) il trattamento ventilatorio.,” In: Fanfulla F, editor. Ventilazione meccanica non invasiva: Come, quando e perché. Milano: Springer (2010). p. 21–27

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Nutrition.

Blog post
Andrew E. Researchers Develop Highly Effective Vaccine To Diarrhea Causing Bacterium. IFLScience (2014) [Accessed October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Staffing Implications of Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System and Remote Sensing Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (1980).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duggimpudi MB. Object Ranking Algorithms for Improved Decision Making. [Doctoral dissertation]. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Concord Bicycle Music Buying Imagem Music. New York Times (2017)B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Nutrition
AbbreviationFront. Nutr.
ISSN (online)2296-861X

Other styles