How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. (2000). NSF IN FLUX: NSF Searches for Right Way to Help Women. Science 289, 379–381.
A journal article with 2 authors
Egbert, G. D., and Ray, R. D. (2000). Significant dissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred from satellite altimeter data. Nature 405, 775–778.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giannini, A., Saravanan, R., and Chang, P. (2003). Oceanic forcing of Sahel rainfall on interannual to interdecadal time scales. Science 302, 1027–1030.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Späth, G. F., Lye, L.-F., Segawa, H., Sacks, D. L., Turco, S. J., and Beverley, S. M. (2003). Persistence without pathology in phosphoglycan-deficient Leishmania major. Science 301, 1241–1243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crowl, D. A. (2003). Understanding Explosions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gupta, D. K., Palma, J. M., and Corpas, F. J. eds. (2016). Redox State as a Central Regulator of Plant-Cell Stress Responses. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Barrett, D. S., and Yasen, S. K. (2013). “Mobile and Fixed Bearings in Unicondylar Knee Resurfacing: Indications vs Osteotomies and Total Knee Replacements,” in Small Implants in Knee Reconstruction, eds. N. Confalonieri and S. Romagnoli (Milano: Springer), 29–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychopathology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015). A Single Photon Entangles Thousands Of Atoms. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). Public Transit: Federal and Transit Agencies Taking Steps to Build Transit Systems’ Resilience but Face Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frost, D. C. (2009). Quantitative correlational study of communication satisfaction related to organizational proximity and face-to-face communication.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M. (2017). Democrats Join Those Criticizing Voting Panel. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Egbert and Ray, 2000; Mervis, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Egbert and Ray, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Späth et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychopathology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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