How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beltrami, H. (2002). Paleoclimate. Earth’s long-term memory. Science 297, 206–207.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pujol, B., and Pannell, J. R. (2008). Reduced responses to selection after species range expansion. Science 321, 96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Serabyn, E., Mawet, D., and Burruss, R. (2010). An image of an exoplanet separated by two diffraction beamwidths from a star. Nature 464, 1018–1020.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jang, J.-H., Lee, E., Park, J., Kim, G., Hong, S., and Kwon, Y.-U. (2013). Rational syntheses of core-shell Fex@Pt nanoparticles for the study of electrocatalytic oxygen reduction reaction. Sci. Rep. 3, 2872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Strome, T. L. (2013). Healthcare Analytics for Quality and Performance Improvement. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bettiol, P., Cannarsa, P., Colombo, G., Motta, M., and Rampazzo, F. eds. (2015). Analysis and Geometry in Control Theory and its Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Badertscher, C., Matt, C., Maurer, U., Rogaway, P., and Tackmann, B. (2015). “Augmented Secure Channels and the Goal of the TLS 1.3 Record Layer,” in Provable Security: 9th International Conference, ProvSec 2015, Kanazawa, Japan, November 24-26, 2015, Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. M.-H. Au and A. Miyaji (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 85–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychopathology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Calbuco Volcano – Evacuations And Air-Traffic Disruption Follow Eruption. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994). Air Traffic Control: Observations on Proposed Corporation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beattie, L. J. (2013). Meeting the Needs of Low Income Students.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017). Trump’s Address Attracts 48 Million Viewers. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beltrami, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Beltrami, 2002; Pujol and Pannell, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pujol and Pannell, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Jang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychopathology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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