How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowie, J. U. (2013). Structural biology. Membrane protein twists and turns. Science 339, 398–399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Farina, S. C., and Summers, A. P. (2015). Biomechanics: Boxed up and ready to go. Nature 517, 274–275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Logvenov, G., Gozar, A., and Bozovic, I. (2009). High-temperature superconductivity in a single copper-oxygen plane. Science 326, 699–702.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ke, J., Li, X., Zhao, Q., Hou, Y., and Chen, J. (2014). Ultrasensitive quantum dot fluorescence quenching assay for selective detection of mercury ions in drinking water. Sci. Rep. 4, 5624.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh, S. A., and Rahman, M. A. (2010). An Introduction to Wavelet Modulated Inverters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wojtaszek, P. ed. (2011). Mechanical Integration of Plant Cells and Plants. First. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Asiki, A., Tsoumakos, D., and Koziris, N. (2012). “A DHT-Based System for the Management of Loosely Structured, Multidimensional Data,” in Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems VI: Special Issue on Database- and Expert-Systems Applications Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. A. Hameurlain, J. Küng, R. Wagner, S. W. Liddle, K.-D. Schewe, and X. Zhou (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 134–166.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychopathology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). If Two Countries Waged Cyber War On Each Another, Here’s What To Expect. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). Passenger Rail Security: Consistent Incident Reporting and Analysis Needed to Achieve Program Objectives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Risley, L. (2012). Exploring Congruency between John A. Henschke’s Practice and Scholarship.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). Is There a Little Bistro Inside All That Construction? New York Times, 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowie, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bowie, 2013; Farina and Summers, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Farina and Summers, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ke et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychopathology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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