How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spiegel, A. (2003). Cell signaling. beta-arrestin--not just for G protein-coupled receptors. Science 301, 1338–1339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cui, Y., and Lieber, C. M. (2001). Functional nanoscale electronic devices assembled using silicon nanowire building blocks. Science 291, 851–853.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holland, R. A., Wikelski, M., and Wilcove, D. S. (2006). How and why do insects migrate? Science 313, 794–796.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ghosh, M., Song, X., Mouneimne, G., Sidani, M., Lawrence, D. S., and Condeelis, J. S. (2004). Cofilin promotes actin polymerization and defines the direction of cell motility. Science 304, 743–746.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, W. (2012). Do Species Exist?. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Keyhani, A., and Marwali, M. eds. (2012). Smart Power Grids 2011. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, H., Zeng, D., and Yan, P. (2010). “Data Visualization, Information Dissemination, and Alerting,” in Infectious Disease Informatics: Syndromic Surveillance for Public Health and BioDefense Integrated Series in Information Systems., eds. D. Zeng and P. Yan (Boston, MA: Springer US), 73–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychopathology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Alcohol Guidelines Ignore How People Drink – That’s Why They’re Not Heeded. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). Internet: Federal Web-based Complaint Handling. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hughes, L. L. (2010). The principalship: Preparation programs and the self-efficacy of principals.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017). Once ‘All In,’ Mets Are More Than 10 Games Out at the All-Star Break. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Spiegel, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Cui and Lieber, 2001; Spiegel, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cui and Lieber, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghosh et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychopathology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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