How to format your references using the Frontiers in Psychopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Psychopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman, S. (2002). Geneticist takes top job at museum. Nature 415, 351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Danku, Z., and Kun, F. (2013). Creep rupture as a non-homogeneous Poissonian process. Sci. Rep. 3, 2688.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, C., Zhang, X., and Cao, Z. (2005). Triangular and Fibonacci number patterns driven by stress on core/shell microstructures. Science 309, 909–911.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Holbrook, W. S., Páramo, P., Pearse, S., and Schmitt, R. W. (2003). Thermohaline fine structure in an oceanographic front from seismic reflection profiling. Science 301, 821–824.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joglekar, A. M. (2010). Industrial Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Douglas, R. G., Krantz, S. G., Sawyer, E. T., Treil, S., and Wick, B. D. eds. (2014). The Corona Problem: Connections Between Operator Theory, Function Theory, and Geometry. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Munoz-Garcia, F., and Toro-Gonzalez, D. (2016). “Sequential-Move Games with Complete Information,” in Strategy and Game Theory: Practice Exercises with Answers Springer Texts in Business and Economics., ed. D. Toro-Gonzalez (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 107–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Psychopathology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). How To Stop Your Phone From Being Hacked. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985). Implementation of P.L. 94-142 as It Relates to Handicapped Delinquents in the District of Columbia. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dammann, N. M. (2009). Living in the edge: Community based governance in the aquatic terrestrial zone.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011). Feeling Low, But Standing Together. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodman, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Danku and Kun, 2013; Goodman, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Danku and Kun, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Holbrook et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Psychopathology
AbbreviationFront. Psychol.
ISSN (online)1664-1078
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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