How to format your references using the Glycoconjugate Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glycoconjugate Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chipman, A.: London calling. Nature. 447, 367 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Vandermeer, J., Perfecto, I.: A keystone mutualism drives pattern in a power function. Science. 311, 1000–1002 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Brohawn, S.G., Campbell, E.B., MacKinnon, R.: Physical mechanism for gating and mechanosensitivity of the human TRAAK K+ channel. Nature. 516, 126–130 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Stinchcombe, J.C., Majorovits, E., Bossi, G., Fuller, S., Griffiths, G.M.: Centrosome polarization delivers secretory granules to the immunological synapse. Nature. 443, 462–465 (2006)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang, H., Lee, E.K.: Healthcare Analytics: From Data to Knowledge to Healthcare Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey (2016)
An edited book
Movahed, A., Gnanasegaran, G., Buscombe, J., Hall, M. eds: Integrating Cardiology for Nuclear Medicine Physicians: A Guide to Nuclear Medicine Physicians. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Hommes, C.: Heterogeneous Agent Models: two simple examples. In: Lines, M. (ed.) Nonlinear Dynamical Systems in Economics. pp. 131–164. Springer, Vienna (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glycoconjugate Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Search For Planet Nine Finds Four Candidates In Three Days,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Human Resources Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Louviere, E.C.: Bonds Behind Bars: The Impact of Program Participation on Interpersonal Inmate Connections in Louisiana State Penitentiary, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: Glittering Prizes, (2003)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGlycoconjugate Journal
AbbreviationGlycoconj. J.
ISSN (print)0282-0080
ISSN (online)1573-4986
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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