How to format your references using the Glycoconjugate Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glycoconjugate Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Payne, D.J.: Microbiology. Desperately seeking new antibiotics. Science. 321, 1644–1645 (2008)
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert, K.A., Thompson, M.B.: Sex determination. Viviparous lizard selects sex of embryos. Nature. 412, 698–699 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bell, E., Rowen, L., Hood, L.: Publication rights for sequence data producers. Science. 290, 1696b–8b (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ruby, N.F., Brennan, T.J., Xie, X., Cao, V., Franken, P., Heller, H.C., O’Hara, B.F.: Role of melanopsin in circadian responses to light. Science. 298, 2211–2213 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robson Wright, M.: An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
Vandekerckhove, W., Leys, J., Alm, K., Scholtens, B., Signori, S., Schäfer, H. eds: Responsible Investment in Times of Turmoil. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Stahl, S.M., Morrissette, D.A.: Should High Dose or Very Long-Term Antipsychotic Monotherapy Be Considered Before Antipsychotic Polypharmacy? In: Ritsner, M.S. (ed.) Polypharmacy in Psychiatry Practice, Volume I: Multiple Medication Use Strategies. pp. 107–125. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glycoconjugate Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Scientists Break Record For Lowest Ever Temperature (In A Solid Object)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: School Finance: State Efforts to Equalize Funding Between Wealthy and Poor School Districts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peterson, D.G.: An application of geotechnical techniques to quantitative regional slope stability analysis San Clemente, California, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., Almosawa, S.: Somali Migrants’ Trek Becomes Scene of Horror, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGlycoconjugate Journal
AbbreviationGlycoconj. J.
ISSN (print)0282-0080
ISSN (online)1573-4986
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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