How to format your references using the Glycoconjugate Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glycoconjugate Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bowles, S.: Warriors, levelers, and the role of conflict in human social evolution. Science. 336, 876–879 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Liebman, S.W., Haber, J.E.: Retrospective. Fred Sherman (1932-2013). Science. 342, 1059 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, A.K., Anderson, D.M., Overpeck, J.T.: Abrupt changes in the Asian southwest monsoon during the Holocene and their links to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature. 421, 354–357 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dillehay, T.D., Rossen, J., Andres, T.C., Williams, D.E.: Preceramic adoption of peanut, squash, and cotton in northern Peru. Science. 316, 1890–1893 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wernecke, R.: Industrielle Feuchtemessung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG (2003)
An edited book
Kuenzer, C., Dech, S. eds: Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing: Sensors, Methods, Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Lun, Y.H.V., Lai, K.-H., Wong, C.W.Y., Cheng, T.C.E.: Green Management Practices. In: Lai, K.-H., Wong, C.W.Y., and Cheng, T.C.E. (eds.) Green Shipping Management. pp. 45–59. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glycoconjugate Journal.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Managing Competing Pressures Is Critical to Achieving Program Goals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duerr, P.S.: Investigation of marine waterjet inlets during turning maneuvers, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., Saad, H.: Thousands Evacuated From Besieged Syrian Towns, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGlycoconjugate Journal
AbbreviationGlycoconj. J.
ISSN (print)0282-0080
ISSN (online)1573-4986
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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