How to format your references using the Glycoconjugate Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Glycoconjugate Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody, H.: Multiple myeloma. Nature. 480, S33 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Toyoshima, C., Nomura, H.: Structural changes in the calcium pump accompanying the dissociation of calcium. Nature. 418, 605–611 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Mignot, T., Merlie, J.P., Jr, Zusman, D.R.: Regulated pole-to-pole oscillations of a bacterial gliding motility protein. Science. 310, 855–857 (2005)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ghaemmaghami, S., Huh, W.-K., Bower, K., Howson, R.W., Belle, A., Dephoure, N., O’Shea, E.K., Weissman, J.S.: Global analysis of protein expression in yeast. Nature. 425, 737–741 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M.R., Chhetri, A.B., Khan, M.M.: The Greening of Petroleum Operations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Margottini, C., Canuti, P., Sassa, K. eds: Landslide Science and Practice: Volume 5: Complex Environment. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Krishnaswamy, S., Markov, I.L., Hayes, J.P.: Testing Logic Circuits for Probabilistic Faults. In: Markov, I.L. and Hayes, J.P. (eds.) Design, Analysis and Test of Logic Circuits Under Uncertainty. pp. 53–61. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Glycoconjugate Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Large Animals Suffer The Highest Trade-Driven Extinction Risk,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Transportation Security: DHS Efforts to Eliminate Redundant Background Check Investigations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2007)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ng, A.: Exploring the perceptions of health care leaders: Colorectal cancer screening barriers among Chinese Canadian women, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M.: Ride Home With It, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGlycoconjugate Journal
AbbreviationGlycoconj. J.
ISSN (print)0282-0080
ISSN (online)1573-4986
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

Other styles