How to format your references using the Biopolymers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biopolymers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lewis, K. Nature 2012, 485, 439–440.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Adkins, J. F.; Pasquero, C. Science 2004, 306, 1143–1144.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Satoh, N.; Nakashima, T.; Yamamoto, K. Sci Rep 2013, 3, 1959.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Gan, L.-Y.; Zhang, Q.; Zhao, Y.-J.; Cheng, Y.; Schwingenschlögl, U. Sci Rep 2014, 4, 6691.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Malpass, D. B. Introduction to Industrial Polyethylene; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
1.
White Space Communication: Advances, Developments and Engineering Challenges; Signals and Communication Technology; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Eden, P. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2013; T.M.C. Asser Press: The Hague, 2015; pp 89–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biopolymers.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. Researchers Develop Brain-Mimicking Nano Memory Cell https://www.iflscience.com/brain/researchers-develop-nano-memory-cell/ (accessed Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. LOCAL Television Act: Status of Spending for Fiscal Year 2005; GAO-06-858R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hsueh, T. ENV9, a novel gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is responsible for the pleiotropic phenotype of env9Δ and encodes a membrane protein that is localized to lipid droplets. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin, J.; Barnes, B. New York Times. June 19, 2017, p B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiopolymers
AbbreviationBiopolymers
ISSN (print)0006-3525
ISSN (online)1097-0282
ScopeBiochemistry
Biophysics
Organic Chemistry
Biomaterials
General Medicine

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