How to format your references using the Global Heart citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Heart. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Moore P. Cell biology: ion channels and stem cells. Nature 2005;438:699–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Dobbelaere J, Barral Y. Spatial coordination of cytokinetic events by compartmentalization of the cell cortex. Science 2004;305:393–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Teng F-Z, Dauphas N, Helz RT. Iron isotope fractionation during magmatic differentiation in Kilauea Iki lava lake. Science 2008;320:1620–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
von Mering C, Hugenholtz P, Raes J, Tringe SG, Doerks T, Jensen LJ, et al. Quantitative phylogenetic assessment of microbial communities in diverse environments. Science 2007;315:1126–30.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kühn V. Wireless Communications over MIMO Channels. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Christensen GE, Sonka M, editors. Information Processing in Medical Imaging: 19th International Conference, IPMI 2005, Glenwood Springs, CO, USA, July 10-15, 2005. Proceedings. vol. 3565. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Pattillo J, Youssef N, Butenko S. Clique Relaxation Models in Social Network Analysis. In: Thai MT, Pardalos PM, editors. Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks: Communication and Social Networks, New York, NY: Springer; 2012, p. 143–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Heart.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Galaxies Die By Suffocation. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/galaxies-die-suffocation/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Mission Budgeting: Discussion and Illustration of the Concept in Research and Development Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Remon G. Not Here Not Now. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Chira S. When a House Falls in the Forest. New York Times 2013:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Heart
AbbreviationGlob. Heart
ISSN (print)2211-8160
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Epidemiology
Community and Home Care

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