How to format your references using the Global Heart citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Heart. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Atkinson QD. Phonemic diversity supports a serial founder effect model of language expansion from Africa. Science 2011;332:346–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Müller F-J, Loring JF. Network biology: A compass for stem-cell differentiation. Nature 2014;513:498–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Rohani P, Zhong X, King AA. Contact network structure explains the changing epidemiology of pertussis. Science 2010;330:982–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Harutyunyan AR, Chen G, Paronyan TM, Pigos EM, Kuznetsov OA, Hewaparakrama K, et al. Preferential growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes with metallic conductivity. Science 2009;326:116–20.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rao CL, Narayanamurthy V, Simha KRY. Applied Impact Mechanics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Mayr EW, editor. Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 41st International Workshop, WG 2015, Garching, Germany, June 17-19, 2015, Revised Papers. vol. 9224. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sandberg R. Least Absolute Deviation Based Unit Root Tests in Smooth Transition Type of Models. In: Schleer-van Gellecom F, editor. Advances in Non-linear Economic Modeling: Theory and Applications, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 141–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Heart.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Six Mysteries Solved By Science. IFLScience 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. National Science Foundation: Need for Additional Icebreaking Research Vessel Not Demonstrated. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Allen SD. Putting out fires: How communication professionals understand and practice conflict resolution. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Crow K. Neighbors Say an S.R.O. Is O.K., Just Make It Better. New York Times 2001:145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Heart
AbbreviationGlob. Heart
ISSN (print)2211-8160
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Epidemiology
Community and Home Care

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