How to format your references using the Global Food Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Food Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunten, D.M., 2004. Atmospheric science. An iron deficiency in polar mesospheric clouds. Science 304, 395–396.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ohlstein, B., Spradling, A., 2007. Multipotent Drosophila intestinal stem cells specify daughter cell fates by differential notch signaling. Science 315, 988–992.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aitkaliyeva, A., Chen, D., Shao, L., 2013. Phonon transport assisted by inter-tube carbon displacements in carbon nanotube mats. Sci. Rep. 3, 2774.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Livet, J., Weissman, T.A., Kang, H., Draft, R.W., Lu, J., Bennis, R.A., Sanes, J.R., Lichtman, J.W., 2007. Transgenic strategies for combinatorial expression of fluorescent proteins in the nervous system. Nature 450, 56–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agachi, P.Ş., Nagy, Z.K., Cristea, M.V., Imre-Lucaci, Á., 2006. Model Based Control. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Pobil, A.P. del, Chinellato, E., Martinez-Martin, E., Hallam, J., Cervera, E., Morales, A. (Eds.), 2014. From Animals to Animats 13: 13th International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior, SAB 2014, Castellón, Spain, July 22-25, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Chien, C.-W., Chen, S.-J., Chen, J.-L., 2013. Designing “Hometown Feeling” Into Products, in: Rau, P.L.P. (Ed.), Cross-Cultural Design. Methods, Practice, and Case Studies: 5th International Conference, CCD 2013, Held as Part of HCI International 2013, Las Vegas, NV, USA, July 21-26, 2013, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 41–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Food Security.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. HIV-Infected Organs Transplanted For The First Time In The U.K [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/doctors-uk-successfully-carry-out-kidney-and-liver-transplants-using-hiv/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. National Airspace System: Initiatives to Reduce Flight Delays and Enhance Capacity are Ongoing but Challenges Remain (No. GAO-05-755T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Finnegan, R.J., 2010. Information food webs: A quantitative inquiry using a biological food web methodology (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. Friday File. New York Times C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunten, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Hunten, 2004; Ohlstein and Spradling, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ohlstein and Spradling, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Livet et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Food Security
AbbreviationGlob. Food Sec.
ISSN (print)2211-9124
ScopeFood Science
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Ecology
Safety Research

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