How to format your references using the Archaeological Research in Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archaeological Research in Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pelkmans, L., 2012. Cell Biology. Using cell-to-cell variability--a new era in molecular biology. Science 336, 425–426.
A journal article with 2 authors
McLaughlin, S., Murray, D., 2005. Plasma membrane phosphoinositide organization by protein electrostatics. Nature 438, 605–611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford, E.B., Seager, S., Turner, E.L., 2001. Characterization of extrasolar terrestrial planets from diurnal photometric variability. Nature 412, 885–887.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barik, A.R., Bapna, M., Drabold, D.A., Adarsh, K.V., 2014. Ultrafast light induced unusually broad transient absorption in the sub-bandgap region of GeSe2 thin film. Sci. Rep. 4, 3686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan, M.M., Islam, M.R., 2016. Zero Waste Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Trausan-Matu, S., Boyer, K.E., Crosby, M., Panourgia, K. (Eds.), 2014. Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 12th International Conference, ITS 2014, Honolulu, HI, USA, June 5-9, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ao, S.-I., 2009. Hybrid Intelligent Regressions with Neural Network and Fuzzy Clustering, in: Ao, S.-I., Rieger, B., Chen, S.-S. (Eds.), Advances in Computational Algorithms and Data Analysis, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 65–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archaeological Research in Asia.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Melting Sea Ice Causing Hungry Polar Bears To Switch From Seals To Goose Nesting Sites [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. U.S. Preparations for the 1983 Regional Administrative Radio Conference (No. 120767). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carolina, D.S., 2009. A qualitative study of the healthcare experiences and health information acquisition of African American men (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L., 2011. Developers Cater to Two-Wheeled Traffic in Portland, Ore. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pelkmans, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (McLaughlin and Murray, 2005; Pelkmans, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McLaughlin and Murray, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Barik et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchaeological Research in Asia
AbbreviationArchaeol. Res. Asia
ISSN (print)2352-2267

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