How to format your references using the Archaeological Research in Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archaeological Research in Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bell, G., 2001. Neutral macroecology. Science 293, 2413–2418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaech, S.M., Ahmed, R., 2003. Immunology. CD8 T cells remember with a little help. Science 300, 263–265.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyvat, M., Hafner, C., Leuthold, J., 2014. Wireless control and selection of forces and torques--towards wireless engines. Sci. Rep. 4, 5681.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Joron, M., Frezal, L., Jones, R.T., Chamberlain, N.L., Lee, S.F., Haag, C.R., Whibley, A., Becuwe, M., Baxter, S.W., Ferguson, L., Wilkinson, P.A., Salazar, C., Davidson, C., Clark, R., Quail, M.A., Beasley, H., Glithero, R., Lloyd, C., Sims, S., Jones, M.C., Rogers, J., Jiggins, C.D., ffrench-Constant, R.H., 2011. Chromosomal rearrangements maintain a polymorphic supergene controlling butterfly mimicry. Nature 477, 203–206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiMarzio, J.F., 2016. Beginning Android® Programming with Android Studio. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
Michler, P. (Ed.), 2009. Single Semiconductor Quantum Dots, NanoScience and Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ratzenhofer-Komenda, B., Favory, R., Welslau, W., Smolle-Jüttner, F.M., Mathieu, D., 2006. Physiologic Effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen on Oxygen Transport and Tissue Oxygen Pressure, in: Mathieu, D. (Ed.), Handbook on Hyperbaric Medicine. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 49–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archaeological Research in Asia.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Pigeons Wearing Eye Patches Must Learn New Routes Home [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Land Management Systems: Progress and Risks in Developing BLM’s Land and Mineral Record System (No. AIMD-95-180). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Creed, C.K., 2017. Identifying Controls on Patterns of Intermittent Streamflow in Three Streams of the American Southwest: A Geospatial Approach (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky, M., 2017. Singles in the House. New York Times RE2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bell, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bell, 2001; Kaech and Ahmed, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaech and Ahmed, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Joron et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchaeological Research in Asia
AbbreviationArchaeol. Res. Asia
ISSN (print)2352-2267

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