How to format your references using the Archaeological Research in Asia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archaeological Research in Asia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Figer, D.F., 2005. An upper limit to the masses of stars. Nature 434, 192–194.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drake, M.J., Righter, K., 2002. Determining the composition of the Earth. Nature 416, 39–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cui, M., Emrick, T., Russell, T.P., 2013. Stabilizing liquid drops in nonequilibrium shapes by the interfacial jamming of nanoparticles. Science 342, 460–463.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, R., Higgins, D.C., Hoque, M.A., Lee, D., Hassan, F., Chen, Z., 2013. Controlled growth of platinum nanowire arrays on sulfur doped graphene as high performance electrocatalyst. Sci. Rep. 3, 2431.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sailor, W., 2009. Making RTI Work. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Kunkel, J.M., Ludwig, T. (Eds.), 2015. High Performance Computing: 30th International Conference, ISC High Performance 2015, Frankfurt, Germany, July 12-16, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Rastgaar, M., Mahmoudian, N., 2014. Robustness of Orthogonal Eigenstructure Control to Actuators Failure, in: Jazar, R.N., Dai, L. (Eds.), Nonlinear Approaches in Engineering Applications 2. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 137–166.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archaeological Research in Asia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Men May Have Learned To Navigate In Order To Find More Mates [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Educational Achievement Standards: NAGB’s Approach Yields Misleading Interpretations (No. PEMD-93-12). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Strong, M., 2013. Investigation and Characterization of Features on a Cretaceous-Paleogene Seismic Horizon in Northern Louisiana (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2009. Scones Upon Scones, Sold at the Shore. New York Times NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Figer, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Drake and Righter, 2002; Figer, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Drake and Righter, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchaeological Research in Asia
AbbreviationArchaeol. Res. Asia
ISSN (print)2352-2267

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