How to format your references using the Global Finance Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Finance Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pierrehumbert, R. T. (2004). High levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide necessary for the termination of global glaciation. Nature, 429(6992), 646–649.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blaauw, M., & Christen, J. A. (2005). The problems of radiocarbon dating. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), 1551–1553; author reply 1551-3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Travis, D. J., Carleton, A. M., & Lauritsen, R. G. (2002). Contrails reduce daily temperature range. Nature, 418(6898), 601.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yuan, W., Zhou, Y., Li, Y., Li, C., Peng, H., Zhang, J., Liu, Z., Dai, L., & Shi, G. (2013). The edge- and basal-plane-specific electrochemistry of a single-layer graphene sheet. Scientific Reports, 3, 2248.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waxman, A. B. (2017). Rogues of Wall Street. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Serdyukov, P., Braslavski, P., Kuznetsov, S. O., Kamps, J., Rüger, S., Agichtein, E., Segalovich, I., & Yilmaz, E. (Eds.). (2013). Advances in Information Retrieval: 35th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2013, Moscow, Russia, March 24-27, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7814). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmad, N. B. H., Shamsuddin, S. M., & Abraham, A. (2010). Granular Mining of Student’s Learning Behavior in Learning Management System Using Rough Set Technique. In F. Xhafa, S. Caballé, A. Abraham, T. Daradoumis, & A. A. Juan Perez (Eds.), Computational Intelligence for Technology Enhanced Learning (pp. 99–124). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Finance Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, December 23). New Fossil Findings Suggest Color Vision At Least 300 Million-Years-Old. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-95-17(3)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anemaet, W. K. (2008). The effects of non -surgical interventions on osteoarthritis-like changes in the mouse knee [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, October 31). Justices Stay Execution, A Signal to Lower Courts. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pierrehumbert, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Blaauw & Christen, 2005; Pierrehumbert, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blaauw & Christen, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Travis et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yuan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Finance Journal
AbbreviationGlob. Fin. J.
ISSN (print)1044-0283
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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