How to format your references using the Global Finance Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Finance Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blaxter, M. (2010). Genetics. Revealing the dark matter of the genome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6012), 1758–1759.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mettetal, J. T., & van Oudenaarden, A. (2007). Microbiology. Necessary noise. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5837), 463–464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansel, D. E., Eipper, B. A., & Ronnett, G. V. (2001). Neuropeptide Y functions as a neuroproliferative factor. Nature, 410(6831), 940–944.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ogawa, N., Hoshisashi, K., Sekiguchi, H., Ichiyanagi, K., Matsushita, Y., Hirohata, Y., Suzuki, S., Ishikawa, A., & Sasaki, Y. C. (2013). Tracking 3D picometer-scale motions of single nanoparticles with high-energy electron probes. Scientific Reports, 3, 2201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernando, A., Worrall, S. T., & Ekmekcioǧlu, E. (2013). 3DTV. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Madhavan, R., Tunstel, E., & Messina, E. (Eds.). (2009). Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking of Intelligent Systems. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, Q. (2005). China Putian Promote Commercial TD-SCDMA Services. In Z. Wu, C. Chen, M. Guo, & J. Bu (Eds.), Embedded Software and Systems: First International Conference, ICESS 2004, Hangzhou, China, December 9-10, 2004, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 25–29). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Finance Journal.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, August 22). What Is This Black Slime Spreading All Over Washington D.C.? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Federal Chief Information Officers: Opportunities Exist to Improve Role in Information Technology Management (GAO-11-634). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Merkurjev, D. (2015). Understanding Enhancer Role in Transcriptional Response [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J. (2017, July 12). Custom Suits At Accessible Prices. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blaxter, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Blaxter, 2010; Mettetal & van Oudenaarden, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mettetal & van Oudenaarden, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Hansel et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ogawa et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Finance Journal
AbbreviationGlob. Fin. J.
ISSN (print)1044-0283
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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