How to format your references using the Global Finance Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Finance Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fukami, T. (2013). IBI* series winner. Integrating inquiry-based teaching with faculty research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6127), 1536–1537.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cirac, J. I., & Zoller, P. (2000). A scalable quantum computer with ions in an array of microtraps. Nature, 404(6778), 579–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Andrew, T. L., Tsai, H.-Y., & Menon, R. (2009). Confining light to deep subwavelength dimensions to enable optical nanopatterning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5929), 917–921.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
van Rooij, E., Sutherland, L. B., Qi, X., Richardson, J. A., Hill, J., & Olson, E. N. (2007). Control of stress-dependent cardiac growth and gene expression by a microRNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5824), 575–579.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hitz, B., Ewing, J. J., & Hecht, J. (2005). Introduction to Laser Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Takayasu, M., Watanabe, T., & Takayasu, H. (Eds.). (2010). Econophysics Approaches to Large-Scale Business Data and Financial Crisis. Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Llinas, J. (2011). Reflections on Concepts of Employment for Modern Information Fusion and Artificial Intelligence Technologies: Situation Management, Decision Making under Varying Uncertainty and Ambiguity, Sequential Decision-Making, Learning, Prediction, and Trust. In E. Corchado, M. Kurzyński, & M. Woźniak (Eds.), Hybrid Artificial Intelligent Systems: 6th International Conference, HAIS 2011, Wroclaw, Poland, May 23-25, 2011, Proceedings, Part I (pp. 31–31). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Finance Journal.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 18). Doctors Watch The Brain Activity Of A Man As He “Sees God.” IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Natural Gas: Factors Affecting Approval Times for Construction of Natural Gas Pipelines (RCED-92-100). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thixton, H. L. (2017). Identification of Site-Specific Mycorrhizal Fungi Associates of the Federally Threatened Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea) in Illinois [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, April 19). Bill Murray’s Latest Surprise Career Turn. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fukami, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Cirac & Zoller, 2000; Fukami, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cirac & Zoller, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Andrew et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (van Rooij et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Finance Journal
AbbreviationGlob. Fin. J.
ISSN (print)1044-0283
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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