How to format your references using the Global Finance Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Finance Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woolston, C. (2015). Breast cancer. Nature, 527(7578), S101.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chung, H. S., & Eaton, W. A. (2013). Single-molecule fluorescence probes dynamics of barrier crossing. Nature, 502(7473), 685–688.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine, E. S., Blitz, L., & Heiles, C. (2006). The spiral structure of the outer Milky Way in hydrogen. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5781), 1773–1777.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lumelsky, N., Blondel, O., Laeng, P., Velasco, I., Ravin, R., & McKay, R. (2001). Differentiation of embryonic stem cells to insulin-secreting structures similar to pancreatic islets. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5520), 1389–1394.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dinet, J. (2014). Information Retrieval in Digital Environments. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Basedow, J., Magnus, U., & Wolfrum, R. (Eds.). (2015). The Hamburg Lectures on Maritime Affairs 2011-2013 (Vol. 28). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yousuf, T. B. (2014). 3R (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) in Bangladesh. In A. Pariatamby & M. Tanaka (Eds.), Municipal Solid Waste Management in Asia and the Pacific Islands: Challenges and Strategic Solutions (pp. 61–75). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Finance Journal.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, October 3). Even Remote Deep-Sea Animals Are Ingesting Microplastics, Study Finds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NASA Procurement: Approach to Sharing Risk Under Certain Research and Development Contracts Is Starting to Change (T-NSIAD-92-12). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph, F. B. (2017). Adsorption and Transformation of Selenium from Elemental Selenium Nanoparticles by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2013, April 21). An E.V. That Wraps Around a Wheelchair. New York Times, AU2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Woolston, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chung & Eaton, 2013; Woolston, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chung & Eaton, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Levine et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lumelsky et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Finance Journal
AbbreviationGlob. Fin. J.
ISSN (print)1044-0283
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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