How to format your references using the Global Economics and Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Economics and Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Telesco, C. (2006). Astronomy. Born with flare. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5799), 605–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lund, S. T., & Bohlmann, J. (2006). The molecular basis for wine grape quality--a volatile subject. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5762), 804–805.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vukusic, P., Sambles, J. R., & Lawrence, C. R. (2000). Colour mixing in wing scales of a butterfly. Nature, 404(6777), 457.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Berl, V., Huc, I., Khoury, R. G., Krische, M. J., & Lehn, J. M. (2000). Interconversion of single and double helices formed from synthetic molecular strands. Nature, 407(6805), 720–723.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
da Silva, L. S., Simões, R., & Gervásio, H. (2014). Design of Steel Structures. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Patil, A., & Gray, P. (Eds.). (2009). Engineering Education Quality Assurance: A Global Perspective. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, J. T. L., Wen, D., Shapiro, B. A., Herbert, K. G., Li, J., & Ghosh, K. (2007). Toward an Integrated RNA Motif Database. In S. Cohen-Boulakia & V. Tannen (Eds.), Data Integration in the Life Sciences: 4th International Workshop, DILS 2007, Philadelphia, PA, USA, June 27-29, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 27–36). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Economics and Management Review.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, January 19). Pro-Education Genes Becoming Less Common Over Time, Study Finds. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Opportunities for Improving the Management of DOD Computer Systems (No. 121729). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCallister, K. (2015). I Didn’t Mean to Show the Dirt (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2006, August 5). No Sawdust, But a Real Pit. New York Times, p. NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Telesco, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Lund & Bohlmann, 2006; Telesco, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lund & Bohlmann, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Vukusic, Sambles, & Lawrence, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Berl, Huc, Khoury, Krische, & Lehn, 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Economics and Management Review
AbbreviationGlob. Econ. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)2340-1540

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