How to format your references using the Global Economics and Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Economics and Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klarreich, E. (2001). Wellcome Trust sets out fresh misconduct standards. Nature, 412(6848), 667.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rafii, S., & Lyden, D. (2008). Cancer. A few to flip the angiogenic switch. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5860), 163–164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alvarado, D., Klein, D. E., & Lemmon, M. A. (2009). ErbB2 resembles an autoinhibited invertebrate epidermal growth factor receptor. Nature, 461(7261), 287–291.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pradhan, A. K., Mundle, R. M., Santiago, K., Skuza, J. R., Xiao, B., Song, K. D., Bahoura, M., Cheaito, R., & Hopkins, P. E. (2014). Extreme tunability in aluminum doped zinc oxide plasmonic materials for near-infrared applications. Scientific Reports, 4, 6415.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murphy, R. (2010). Dynamic Assessment, Intelligence and Measurement. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yang, C. C., Zeng, D., Chau, M., Chang, K., Yang, Q., Cheng, X., Wang, J., Wang, F.-Y., & Chen, H. (Eds.). (2007). Intelligence and Security Informatics: Pacific Asia Workshop, PAISI 2007, Chengdu, China, April 11-12, 2007. Proceedings (Vol. 4430). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Albarqouni, S., Lasser, T., Alkhaldi, W., Al-Amoudi, A., & Navab, N. (2015). Gradient Projection for Regularized Cryo-Electron Tomographic Reconstruction. In F. Gao, K. Shi, & S. Li (Eds.), Computational Methods for Molecular Imaging (pp. 43–51). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Economics and Management Review.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, January 24). The Jet Flows Of Jupiter Recreated In The Lab For The First Time. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Serving the Congress and the Nation: Information Technology Information (GAO-01-413SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boerner, C. L. (2013). The organizational culture and leadership values that impact Native American water utility organizations [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002, October 13). Leading by 21 Points, Lions Cannot Hold On. New York Times, 84.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Klarreich, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Klarreich, 2001; Rafii & Lyden, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rafii & Lyden, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Alvarado et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pradhan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Economics and Management Review
AbbreviationGlob. Econ. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)2340-1540

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