How to format your references using the Global Economics and Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Economics and Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kealey, T. (2000). More is less. Economists and governments lag decades behind Derek Price’s thinking. Nature, 405(6784), 279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deng, K., & Siliciano, R. F. (2014). HIV: Early treatment may not be early enough. Nature, 512(7512), 35–36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Timm, R. M., Ramey, R. R., 2nd, & Nomenclature Committee of the American Society of Mammalogists. (2005). What constitutes a proper description? Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5744), 2163–2166; author reply 2163-6.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kumar, N., Attri, P., Yadav, D. K., Choi, J., Choi, E. H., & Uhm, H. S. (2014). Induced apoptosis in melanocytes cancer cell and oxidation in biomolecules through deuterium oxide generated from atmospheric pressure non-thermal plasma jet. Scientific Reports, 4, 7589.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fencott, C., Lockyer, M., Clay, J., & Massey, P. (2012). Game Invaders. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sencha, A. N. (2013). Breast Ultrasound (E. V. Evseeva, M. S. Mogutov, & Y. N. Patrunov, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Correa, J. R., Feuilloley, L., & Soto, J. A. (2014). Independent and Hitting Sets of Rectangles Intersecting a Diagonal Line. In A. Pardo & A. Viola (Eds.), LATIN 2014: Theoretical Informatics: 11th Latin American Symposium, Montevideo, Uruguay, March 31–April 4, 2014. Proceedings (pp. 35–46). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Economics and Management Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 29). Universal Snake Venom Antidote On The Horizon. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Postsecondary Education: Financial Trends in Public and Private Nonprofit Institutions (GAO-12-179). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turkel, C. C. (2008). Female leaders’ 360-degree self -perception accuracy for leadership competencies and skills [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Benedict, I. (1899, May 6). WELL ENOUGH AS IT IS. New York Times, STURDAY NEW YORK OF BOOKS AND ARTBR299.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kealey, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Deng & Siliciano, 2014; Kealey, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deng & Siliciano, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Timm et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kumar et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Economics and Management Review
AbbreviationGlob. Econ. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)2340-1540

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