How to format your references using the Global Economics and Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Economics and Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rogers, R. (2008). A chemist believes that an ionic liquid is the place for a noxious gas. Nature, 454(7204), 555.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Opstal, E. J., & Bordenstein, S. R. (2015). MICROBIOME. Rethinking heritability of the microbiome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6253), 1172–1173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morran, L. T., Parmenter, M. D., & Phillips, P. C. (2009). Mutation load and rapid adaptation favour outcrossing over self-fertilization. Nature, 462(7271), 350–352.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Fang, C., Smith, P., Moncrieff, J. B., & Smith, J. U. (2005). Similar response of labile and resistant soil organic matter pools to changes in temperature. Nature, 433(7021), 57–59.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2007). Guidelines for Performing Effective Pre-startup Safety Reviews. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sarkar, F. H. (Ed.). (2013). Epigenetics and Cancer. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Tam, A. L. (2011). Mediastinal Biopsy. In D. A. Gervais & T. Sabharwal (Eds.), Interventional Radiology Procedures in Biopsy and Drainage (pp. 31–45). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Economics and Management Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 25). Brain Network Linking Alzheimer’s And Schizophrenia Identified. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). FCC: Reallocation of TV Channels 60-69, the 746-806 MHz Band (OGC-98-31). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bubert, E. A. (2009). Highly extensible skin for a variable wing-span morphing aircraft utilizing pneumatic artificial muscle actuation [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, August 4). Backman Is Poised On Top Step of the Dugout. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rogers, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Rogers, 2008; van Opstal & Bordenstein, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Opstal & Bordenstein, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Morran et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Fang et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Economics and Management Review
AbbreviationGlob. Econ. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)2340-1540

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