How to format your references using the Global Economics and Management Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Global Economics and Management Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Firestein, G. S. (2003). Evolving concepts of rheumatoid arthritis. Nature, 423(6937), 356–361.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hor, H., & Tafti, M. (2009). Physiology. How much sleep do we need? Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5942), 825–826.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vignal, C., Mathevon, N., & Mottin, S. (2004). Audience drives male songbird response to partner’s voice. Nature, 430(6998), 448–451.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Al Ahmad, M., Mustafa, F., Ali, L. M., & Rizvi, T. A. (2014). Virus detection and quantification using electrical parameters. Scientific Reports, 4, 6831.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calvello, A. A. (2009). Environmental Alpha. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Esquinas, A. M. (Ed.). (2016). Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation: Theory, Equipment, and Clinical Applications (2nd ed. 2016). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nauth, P. (2012). Goal Understanding and Self-generating Will for Autonomous Humanoid Robots. In Z. S. Hippe, J. L. Kulikowski, & T. Mroczek (Eds.), Human – Computer Systems Interaction: Backgrounds and Applications 2: Part 2 (pp. 41–55). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Global Economics and Management Review.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, June 14). Scientists Make Female Fish That Produce Working Sperm. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). Reports Issued in October 1987 (No. 134487). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shackelford, V. (2014). Mary’s mandala story: Images of chaos in mandala psychology [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, March 6). Can’t Quit Mother Russia. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Firestein, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Firestein, 2003; Hor & Tafti, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hor & Tafti, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Vignal et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Al Ahmad et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobal Economics and Management Review
AbbreviationGlob. Econ. Manag. Rev.
ISSN (print)2340-1540

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