How to format your references using the IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Eliezer, “Biochemistry. Visualizing amyloid assembly,” Science, vol. 336, no. 6079, pp. 308–309, Apr. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Merad and H. Salmon, “Cancer: A dendritic-cell brake on antitumour immunity,” Nature, vol. 523, no. 7560, pp. 294–295, Jul. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. H. Schön, C. Kloc, and B. Batlogg, “Superconductivity in molecular crystals induced by charge injection,” Nature, vol. 406, no. 6797, pp. 702–704, Aug. 2000.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Kang, Y. S. Meng, J. Bréger, C. P. Grey, and G. Ceder, “Electrodes with high power and high capacity for rechargeable lithium batteries,” Science, vol. 311, no. 5763, pp. 977–980, Feb. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Langley-Evans, Nutrition, health and disease. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
F. Ortuño and I. Rojas, Eds., Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering: 4th International Conference, IWBBIO 2016, Granada, Spain, April 20-22, 2016, Proceedings, vol. 9656. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
R. G. Almond, R. J. Mislevy, L. S. Steinberg, D. Yan, and D. M. Williamson, “Efficient Calculations,” in Bayesian Networks in Educational Assessment, R. J. Mislevy, L. S. Steinberg, D. Yan, and D. M. Williamson, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2015, pp. 105–155.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Dawn Breaks Over Distant Ceres … And Perhaps Reveals Signs Of Habitability,” IFLScience, Mar. 20, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Air Traffic Control: Complete and Enforced Architecture Needed for FAA Systems Modernization,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, AIMD-97-30, Feb. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Stefania, “From Italian American Icon to Working Class Hero: Perspectives on Pietro di Donato’s ‘Christ in Concrete,’” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Clarey, “Open Champion Shows Vulnerability Off the Court, Not on It,” New York Times, p. B10, Sep. 13, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Aerosp. Electron. Syst. Mag.
ISSN (print)0885-8985
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Aerospace Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles