How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Canfield, D. (2015). Robert A. Berner (1935-2015). Nature 518, 484.
A journal article with 2 authors
State, M. W., and Šestan, N. (2012). Neuroscience. The emerging biology of autism spectrum disorders. Science 337, 1301–1303.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rajagopalan, J., Han, J. H., and Saif, M. T. A. (2007). Plastic deformation recovery in freestanding nanocrystalline aluminum and gold thin films. Science 315, 1831–1834.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee, J. S., Lee, Y.-J., Tae, E. L., Park, Y. S., and Yoon, K. B. (2003). Synthesis of zeolite as ordered multicrystal arrays. Science 301, 818–821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Broekaert, J. A. C. (2005). Analytical Atomic Spectrometry with Flames and Plasmas. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Lee, G. ed. (2012). Advances in Computational Environment Science: Selected papers from 2012 International Conference on Environment Science (ICES 2012), Australia, Melbourne, 15‐16 January, 2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Frà, C., Valla, M., Agneessens, A., Bisio, I., and Lavagetto, F. (2012). “Mobile Sensing of User’s Motion and Position Context for Automatic Check-in Suggestion and Validation,” in Mobile Context Awareness, eds. T. Lovett and E. O’Neill (London: Springer), 87–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017). SpaceX Launches And Lands A Rocket For The First Time In Five Months. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). DOD Overseas Schools: Additional Assurances of Educational Quality Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alai, N. L. (2017). Development of a Sport-Specific Curriculum Addressing Selfefficacy to Optimize Carbohydrate and Calorie Intake Among Male and Female High School Cross-Country Runners.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2007). The Right Look Gives A Home a Second Act. New York Times, WE6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Canfield, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (State and Šestan, 2012; Canfield, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (State and Šestan, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research

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