How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Launius, R. D. (2012). Neil Armstrong (1930-2012). Nature 489, 368.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, A. K., and Phelps, E. A. (2001). Lesions of the human amygdala impair enhanced perception of emotionally salient events. Nature 411, 305–309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonsall, M. B., Jansen, V. A. A., and Hassell, M. P. (2004). Life history trade-offs assemble ecological guilds. Science 306, 111–114.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Collins, S., Ruina, A., Tedrake, R., and Wisse, M. (2005). Efficient bipedal robots based on passive-dynamic walkers. Science 307, 1082–1085.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dant, S. (2016). Losing Eden. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Magnusson, C., Szymczak, D., and Brewster, S. eds. (2012). Haptic and Audio Interaction Design: 7th International Conference, HAID 2012, Lund, Sweden, August 23-24, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Konieczny, L., Roterman-Konieczna, I., and Spólnik, P. (2014). “Interrelationship In Organized Biological Systems,” in Systems Biology: Functional Strategies of Living Organisms, eds. I. Roterman-Konieczna and P. Spólnik (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 167–200.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Alzheimer’s Breakthrough? Have We Nearly Cured Dementia? Not Just Yet…. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/alzheimers-breakthrough-have-we-nearly-cured-dementia-not-just-yet/ [Accessed October 30, 2018].

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012). High-Speed Passenger Rail: Preliminary Assessment of California’s Cost Estimates and Other Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Russo, R. A. (2009). Using a socio -cultural framework to evaluate farmland preservation policy success in Maryland.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013). At the End, the Telltale Runners’ Bags. New York Times, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Launius, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Anderson and Phelps, 2001; Launius, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Phelps, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Collins et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention
AbbreviationFront. Oncol.
ISSN (online)2234-943X
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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