How to format your references using the Gerontology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gerontology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Jayaraman KS. Syngenta ready to drop plans for Indian rice venture. Nature. 2002 Dec;420(6916):596.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Drenkard E, Ausubel FM. Pseudomonas biofilm formation and antibiotic resistance are linked to phenotypic variation. Nature. 2002 Apr;416(6882):740–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Wang Y, Forsyth DW, Savage B. Convective upwelling in the mantle beneath the Gulf of California. Nature. 2009 Nov;462(7272):499–501.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Onoa B, Dumont S, Liphardt J, Smith SB, Tinoco I Jr, Bustamante C. Identifying kinetic barriers to mechanical unfolding of the T. thermophila ribozyme. Science. 2003 Mar;299(5614):1892–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Marsh N. Forensic Photography. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1
Burmester M, Tsudik G, Magliveras S, Ilić I, editors. Information Security: 13th International Conference, ISC 2010, Boca Raton, FL, USA, October 25-28, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Khierallah HSM, Bader SM, Ibrahim KM, Al-Jboory IJ. Date Palm Status and Perspective in Iraq. In: Al-Khayri JM, Jain SM, Johnson DV, editors. Date Palm Genetic Resources and Utilization: Volume 2: Asia and Europe. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015; pp 97–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gerontology.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. Is It Ethical To Purchase Human Organs? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Jun [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/is-it-ethical-to-purchase-human-organs/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Title I Formula in S. 1513. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Foster HC. The effect of droplet size and sprayer type on physical drift. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kelly D. Face to Face With Bergman. New York Times. 1994 May;735.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGerontology
AbbreviationGerontology
ISSN (print)0304-324X
ISSN (online)1423-0003
ScopeAgeing
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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