How to format your references using the Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Doncaster, C. P.: Comment on “On the regulation of populations of mammals, birds, fish, and insects” III, Science, 311, 1100; author reply 1100, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morriswood, B. and Warren, G.: Cell biology. Stalemate in the Golgi battle, Science, 341, 1465–1466, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, B., Moore, J. S., and Beebe, D. J.: Surface-directed liquid flow inside microchannels, Science, 291, 1023–1026, 2001.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Hill, P. W. S., Leitch, H. G., Requena, C. E., Sun, Z., Amouroux, R., Roman-Trufero, M., Borkowska, M., Terragni, J., Vaisvila, R., Linnett, S., Bagci, H., Dharmalingham, G., Haberle, V., Lenhard, B., Zheng, Y., Pradhan, S., and Hajkova, P.: Epigenetic reprogramming enables the transition from primordial germ cell to gonocyte, Nature, 555, 392–396, 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meiswinkel, R., Meyer, J., and Schnell, J.: Design and Construction of Nuclear Power Plants, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2013.
An edited book
Kleinaltenkamp, M., Plinke, W., and Geiger, I. (Eds.): Business Project Management and Marketing: Mastering Business Markets, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, VII, 399 p. 142 illus pp., 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Pardoux, E. and Răşcanu, A.: SDEs with Multivalued Drift, in: Stochastic Differential Equations, Backward SDEs, Partial Differential Equations, edited by: Rӑşcanu, A., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 229–351, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems.

Blog post
Scientists Find Fish Not Seen Since The 1870s. There’s Something Rather Strange About It:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Telecommunications: Impact of Sports Programming Costs on Cable Television Rates, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cordova, M.: The impact of a teacher training program on student engagement, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M.: Picture This Bathing Suit, New York Times, 15th July, E5, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Doncaster, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Doncaster, 2006; Morriswood and Warren, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morriswood and Warren, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Hill et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems
ISSN (print)2193-0856
ISSN (online)2193-0864
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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