How to format your references using the Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamionkowski, M.: Astrophysics: Gravity ripples chased, Nature, 460(7258), 964–965, 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
Han, S. and Brunet, A.: Cell biology. Lysosomal lipid lengthens life span, Science, 347(6217), 32–33, 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak, M. A., Komarova, N. L. and Niyogi, P.: Computational and evolutionary aspects of language, Nature, 417(6889), 611–617, 2002.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Couny, F., Benabid, F., Roberts, P. J., Light, P. S. and Raymer, M. G.: Generation and photonic guidance of multi-octave optical-frequency combs, Science, 318(5853), 1118–1121, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McMaster, M. C.: Buying and Selling Laboratory Instruments, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2010.
An edited book
Mason, G., Penkov, I. and Wolf, J. A., Eds.: Developments and Retrospectives in Lie Theory: Geometric and Analytic Methods, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, C., Fang, Z. and Li, J.: Practices, Experience and Policy Orientation for Free Education in Normal Universities in China, in Preparing Teachers for the 21st Century, edited by X. Zhu and K. Zeichner, pp. 67–76, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2013.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems.

Blog post
Hale, T.: Brain Scans Could Help Predict Teenage Drug Use, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Examination Into Certain Irregularities Reported as Existing at the Department of Labor Atterbury Job Corps Center near Edinburg, Indiana, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson, K. L.: Patient and Family Engagement Initiative: A Quantitative Causal-Comparative Analysis, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Justices, 5-4, Accept No Excuses From Inmate for Mistaken Late Filing of an Appeal, New York Times, 15th June, A18, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kamionkowski, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Han and Brunet, 2015; Kamionkowski, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Han and Brunet, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Couny et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems
ISSN (print)2193-0856
ISSN (online)2193-0864
ScopeAtmospheric Science

Other styles