How to format your references using the Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berger, L. R.: The mosaic nature of Australopithecus sediba. Introduction, Science, 340(6129), 163–165, 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
Griffith, S. C. and Montgomerie, R.: Evolutionary biology: Why do birds engage in extra-pair copulation?, Nature, 422(6934), 833; discussion 833-4, 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pearson, P. D., Moje, E. and Greenleaf, C.: Literacy and science: each in the service of the other, Science, 328(5977), 459–463, 2010.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Fujishiro, T., Kawasaki, H., Aihara, M., Saeki, T., Ymagishi, R., Atarashi, T., Mayama, C. and Araie, M.: Establishment of an experimental ferret ocular hypertension model for the analysis of central visual pathway damage, Sci. Rep., 4, 6501, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duhon, T.: How the Trading Floor Really Works, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK., 2012.
An edited book
Afsarmanesh, H., Camarinha-Matos, L. M. and Lucas Soares, A., Eds.: Collaboration in a Hyperconnected World: 17th IFIP WG 5.5 Working Conference on Virtual Enterprises, PRO-VE 2016, Porto, Portugal, October 3-5, 2016, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Coccolini, F., D’Amico, G., Montori, G., Catena, F., Fraga, G. and Ansaloni, L.: Laparoscopy in Gynecologic Emergencies, in Emergency Laparoscopy, edited by F. Agresta, F. C. Campanile, G. Anania, and C. Bergamini, pp. 55–71, Springer International Publishing, Cham., 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Climbing The Tree: The Case For Chimpanzee ‘Personhood,’ IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: VA Information Technology: Progress Continues Although Vulnerabilities Remain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oppenheimer, C.: Use of bibliotherapy as an adjunctive therapy with bereaved children: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA., 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K.: James Staley’s Series of Unfortunate Events, New York Times, 26th August, BU1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berger, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Berger, 2013; Griffith and Montgomerie, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Griffith and Montgomerie, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Fujishiro et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems
ISSN (print)2193-0856
ISSN (online)2193-0864
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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