How to format your references using the Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crepp, J. R.: Astronomy. Improving planet-finding spectrometers, Science, 346, 809–810, 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medina-Elizalde, M. and Lea, D. W.: The mid-Pleistocene transition in the tropical Pacific, Science, 310, 1009–1012, 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fialkov, A., Barkana, R., and Visbal, E.: The observable signature of late heating of the Universe during cosmic reionization, Nature, 506, 197–199, 2014.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Navarre, W. W., Porwollik, S., Wang, Y., McClelland, M., Rosen, H., Libby, S. J., and Fang, F. C.: Selective silencing of foreign DNA with low GC content by the H-NS protein in Salmonella, Science, 313, 236–238, 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ziska, L. H. and Dukes, J. S.: Weed Biology and Climate Change, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Moreau, L. and Foster, I. (Eds.): Provenance and Annotation of Data: International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2006, Chicago, IL, USA, May 3-5, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XII, 292 p pp., 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Halekas, J. S., Angelopoulos, V., Sibeck, D. G., Khurana, K. K., Russell, C. T., Delory, G. T., Farrell, W. M., McFadden, J. P., Bonnell, J. W., Larson, D., Ergun, R. E., Plaschke, F., and Glassmeier, K. H.: First Results from ARTEMIS, a New Two-Spacecraft Lunar Mission: Counter-Streaming Plasma Populations in the Lunar Wake, in: The ARTEMIS Mission, edited by: Russell, C. and Angelopoulos, V., Springer, New York, NY, 93–107, 2014.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems.

Blog post
New Study Suggests Only 8.2% Of Our Genome Is Functional:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Need for Full Cost Reporting and Participating Agreement on SEASAT-A Project, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guarin, Y.: A Postpartum Support Group for Women Experiencing Postpartum Depression: A Grant Proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O.: Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times, New York Times, 27th March, C30, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crepp, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Crepp, 2014; Medina-Elizalde and Lea, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Medina-Elizalde and Lea, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Navarre et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems
ISSN (print)2193-0856
ISSN (online)2193-0864
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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